National Information Standards Organization

(Redirected from NISO)

The National Information Standards Organization (NISO; /ˈns/) is a United States non-profit standards organization that develops, maintains and publishes technical standards related to publishing, bibliographic and library applications. It was founded in 1939 as the Z39 Committee, chaired from 1963-1977 by Jerrold Orne,[3] incorporated as a not-for-profit education association in 1983, and assumed its current name in 1984.[4]

National Information Standards Organization
FormationJune 22, 1939; 85 years ago (1939-06-22)[1]
PurposeNational standards
HeadquartersBaltimore, Maryland
221 organizations[2]
Official language
Executive Director
Todd A. Carpenter
US$1.2 million
Formerly called
Z39 Committee



NISO offers two membership categories, "voting members" and "library standards alliance". In January 2016, the "voting members" included 77 large corporations, mostly publishers, and large library organizations such as the American Library Association.[2] Voting members elect Directors and comment and vote on standards.[5] The "Library Standards Alliance" included 135 members, primarily university and large public libraries.[2] Library members receive free access to NISO webinars.[6]

Todd Carpenter was appointed Executive Director of NISO in 2006.[7] In February 2019, NISO announced plans to merge with the National Federation of Advanced Information Services (NFAIS) in July 2019.[8] In 2020, NISO launched the NISO Plus conference, continuing the tradition of the NFAIS annual conference.



NISO is accredited by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and develops technical standards used in publishing, libraries, media, and other content distribution. NISO develops both formal U.S National Standards as well as recommended practices. It also hosts a variety of educational and training programs for the community. NISO is designated by ANSI to represent U.S. interests to the International Organization for Standardization's Technical Committee 46 (Information and Documentation), all of its subcommittees, as well as the ISO/IEC Joint Technical Committee 1 Subcommittee 34 - Document description and processing languages (JTC 1/SC 34). In 2008, NISO was appointed Secretariat on behalf of ANSI for the TC 46 Subcommittee 9 (TC 46/SC 9) - Identification and Description.

NISO approved standards are published by ANSI. Unlike most other ANSI standards, all of NISO standards and best practices are freely available from its web site. Designations (names) of NISO standards all start with ANSI/NISO Z39 (read zee or zed thirty nine).

In addition to formal standards, NISO also publishes recommended practices, technical reports and other consensus documents, and offers continuing education for librarians and information professionals. Information Standards Quarterly (ISQ), NISO's magazine, has been available online as open access since 2011.[9]

List of standards


Examples of NISO standards include:


  1. ^ National Information Standards Organization (NISO) archives > ArchivesUM
  2. ^ a b c "Member companies Archived 2016-11-14 at the Wayback Machine". National Information Standards Organization. Retrieved March 6, 2016.
  3. ^ Lawrence G. Livingston. (1997). "Bibliographic Standards and the Evolving National Network" in Orne, Jerrold and Herbert Poole (1977) Academic Libraries by the Year 2000: Essays Honoring Jerrold Orne. New York: R.R. Bowker.
  4. ^ "What We Do". National Information Standards Organization. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
  5. ^ "NISO Voting Members Archived 2013-07-03 at the Wayback Machine". National Information Standards Organization. Retrieved March 6, 2016.
  6. ^ "Library Standards Alliance Archived 2013-07-03 at the Wayback Machine". National Information Standards Organization. Retrieved March 6, 2016.
  7. ^ "NISO names Todd Carpenter managing director Archived 2016-10-05 at the Wayback Machine". Library Journal. August 28, 2006.
  8. ^ "NISO and NFAIS Announce Plans to Merge | ISSN". Retrieved 2021-02-11.
  9. ^ ISQ Archived 2013-08-15 at the Wayback Machine". National Information Standards Organization. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
  10. ^ Charen T, Gillespie CJ (July 1971). "MEDLARS abbreviations for medical journal titles". Bulletin of the Medical Library Association. 59 (3): 420–9. PMC 197609. PMID 5146764.