The Nikon D700 is a professional-grade full-frame digital single-lens reflex camera introduced by the Nikon Corporation in July 2008 and manufactured in Japan. It uses the same 12.1-megapixel "FX" CMOS image sensor as the Nikon D3, and is Nikon's second full-frame digital SLR camera.
|Lens||Interchangeable, Nikon F mount|
|Sensor||36 mm × 23.9 mm CMOS|
|Image sensor maker||Nikon|
|Maximum resolution||4,256 × 2,832 (12.1 million)|
|ASA/ISO range||200–6400, extended mode to 100–12800, HI2 mode 25600|
|Storage||CompactFlash (Type I only)|
|Focus modes||Single-servo (AF-S); Continuous-servo (AF-C); Manual (M)|
|Focus areas||51 AF points (15 cross-type)|
|Exposure metering||TTL 3D Color Matrix Metering II with a 1005 pixel RGB sensor|
|Metering modes||Matrix metering, center-weighted metering, spot metering|
|Flash||Manual pop-up with button release Guide number 12/39 (ISO 100, m/ft)|
|Flash bracketing||-3 to +1 EV in increments of 1/3 or 1/2 EV|
|Shutter||Electronically controlled focal-plane|
|Shutter speed range||1/8000 to 30 sec, bulb, X-sync at 1/250 sec.|
|Continuous shooting||Approx. 5.0 frame/s, 8.0 frame/s w/battery grip|
|Viewfinder||Optical pentaprism, 95% coverage|
|Rear LCD monitor||3.0-inch (76 mm), VGA resolution, 307,200 pixels (921,600 dots)|
|Battery||Nikon EN-EL3e rechargeable Lithium-Ion battery|
|Dimensions||147×123×77 mm (5.8×4.8×3.0 in)|
|Weight||995 g (35.1 oz), body only|
The D700's full-frame sensor allows the use of F-mount (FX) lenses to their fullest advantage, with almost no crop factor. When a cropped DX lens is mounted on the D700, either the DX-sized portion, or the (vignetted) FX-sized portion of the camera's sensor can be used. The D700 has a built in autofocus motor for all Nikon autofocus-lenses, includes CPU and metering for older Nikon F-mount AI/AI-S lenses, and supports PC-E lenses. The D700 bears a physical similarity to the Nikon D300, which uses the same MB-D10 battery pack and EN-EL3e battery. As of 2012, the Nikon D3X, the D3/D3s, D4 and D700 were the only Nikon DSLR models manufactured in Japan. It was discontinued on August 24, 2012.
- Nikon's 12.1 megapixel FX-format (23.9 mm × 36 mm) CMOS sensor
- Nikon EXPEED image processor
- Two Live View shooting mode (hand-held and tripod modes)
- Continuous Drive up to 5 frames per second (8 frames per second with the optional MB-D10 Multi-power Battery Pack)
- Nikon's Scene Recognition System, utilizing the 1,005-pixel RGB sensor
- 3D Color Matrix Metering II
- Approx. 95% Viewfinder Frame Coverage, 0.72× Viewfinder Magnification
- Multi-CAM 3500FX autofocus sensor module featuring 51 AF points with 3D Focus Tracking
- Electronic rangefinder function compatible with manual focus AI/AIs lenses using any of the 51 AF points
- Active D-Lighting (3 levels (Low; Normal; High) or Auto)
- Automatic correction of lateral chromatic aberration for JPEGs; correction data is additionally stored in RAW-files and can be used by Nikon Capture NX, View NX and some other RAW tools
- Vignetting ("Vignette control") correction, as well as image rotation ("Straighten") via playback ("Retouch") menu
- 3-inch (76 mm) LCD with 921,600-dot (VGA) resolution and a 170° ultra-wide viewing angle
- ISO sensitivity 200–6400 (100–25600 with boost)
- Auto-ISO function which can be capped with a maximum shutter time and maximum ISO value
- Magnesium alloy weather sealed body for dust and moisture protection
- Nikon F-mount lenses
- 9 Lens presets per user profile to improve program functions for non-CPU lenses and to include Exif information
- Aperture sensing ring on the body for readout of AI/AIs manual focus lens aperture settings
- Built-in Sensor cleaning system
- Built-in flash with 24 mm lens coverage and Nikon’s i-TTL flash control; the guide number is 12m at ISO 100
- Support for the Wireless Transmitter WT-4/4A
- File formats include: JPEG, TIFF (RGB), NEF (Nikon's raw image format compressed and uncompressed)
- HDMI HD video output
- Approx. mass 995 g (35.1 oz)
- EN-EL3e Lithium-ion Batteries (same as D80, D90, D200, D300, D300S), Battery Life (shots per charge): 1000 shots (CIPA)
- Optional Multi-Power Battery Pack MB-D10 (same as D300 & D300S)
- GPS interface for direct geotagging supported by Nikon GP-1
The Nikon D700 has been tested by many independent reviewers and has generally received high marks. It achieved a top ranking in the DxOmark Sensor ranking and was, as of November 2011, ranked ninth behind the Nikon D3, Nikon D3S, Nikon D3X, four medium format cameras and the APS-C sized Pentax K-5.
The camera received several awards, including a Digital Photography Review "Highly Recommended" award.
- Full Frame DSLR Cameras Part I - Nikon vs Sony Chipworks
- "THE AGILE NEW NIKON D700 FX-FORMAT D-SLR CAMERA DELIVERS PERFORMANCE INSPIRED BY THE NIKON D3 IN A SMALLER, LIGHTER DESIGN". nikonusa.com. Retrieved 2018-02-17.
- Rockwell, Ken. "Nikon Lens Compatibility". Kenrockwell.com. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- Rockwell, Ken (April 2008). "Nikon 24mm PC-E Compatibility". Kenrockwell.com. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- Nikon Discontinues Its Best Camera Ever, The D700
- "Nikon D700 – Digital Camera Reviews". Digital Camera Tracker. September 22, 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- "Nikon D700". Dcviews. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- Burian, Peter K. (May 5, 2009). "NIKON D700 Review: Field Test Report". Photocrati. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- "Camera Ratings". DXO Mark. Retrieved 2011-11-13.
- "Digital Photography Review "Highly Recommended"". Dpreview.com. Retrieved 2011-11-20.