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NGC 1300 is a barred spiral galaxy about 61 million light-years away in the constellation Eridanus. The galaxy is about 110,000 light-years across (about 2/3 the size of the Milky Way). It is a member of the Eridanus Cluster, a cluster of 200 galaxies.[3][4] It was discovered by John Herschel in 1835.[5]

NGC 1300
Hubble2005-01-barred-spiral-galaxy-NGC1300.jpg
A Hubble Space Telescope (HST) image of NGC 1300.
Credit: HST/NASA/ESA.
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
Constellation Eridanus
Right ascension 03h 19m 41.1s[1]
Declination −19° 24′ 41″[1]
Redshift 0.005260 (1577 ± 4 km/s)[1]
Distance 61.3 Mly (18.8 Mpc)[2]
Apparent magnitude (V) 11.4[1]
Characteristics
Type (R')SB(s)bc[1]
Size 110,000 light years in diameter
Apparent size (V) 6′.2 × 4′.1[1]
Notable features Huge bar-shaped core and two spiral arms
Other designations
MCG-03-09-018,[1] ESO 547 -G 31,[1]
PGC 12412[1]
See also: Galaxy, List of galaxies

In the core of the larger spiral structure of NGC 1300, the nucleus shows a "grand-design" spiral structure that is about 3,300 light-years long. Only galaxies with large-scale bars appear to have these grand-design inner disks — a spiral within a spiral. Models suggest that the gas in a bar can be funneled inwards, and then spiral into the center through the grand-design disk, where it can potentially fuel a central supermassive black hole (SMBH). NGC 1300 is not known to have an active nucleus, indicating that its central black hole is not accreting matter. The SMBH has a mass of 7.3+6.9
−3.5
×107 M
.[6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database". Results for NGC 1300. Retrieved 2007-03-15. 
  2. ^ Atkinson, J.W.; et al. "Supermassive black hole mass measurements for NGC 1300 and NGC 2748 based on HST emission-line gas kinematics". arXiv:astro-ph/0502573 . Bibcode:2005MNRAS.359..504A. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2005.08904.x. 
  3. ^ "NGC 1300, a barred spiral galaxy in Eridanus". annesastronomynews.com. Retrieved 2013-08-18. 
  4. ^ "The Fornax and Eridanus Clusters". An Atlas of The Universe. Retrieved 2010-05-03. 
  5. ^ Seligman, Courtney. "Celestial Atlas: NGC Objects: NGC 1300 - 1349". cseligman.com. Archived from the original on 25 July 2015. Retrieved 25 July 2015. 
  6. ^ Graham, Alister W. (November 2008), "Populating the Galaxy Velocity Dispersion - Supermassive Black Hole Mass Diagram: A Catalogue of (Mbh, σ) Values", Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia, 25 (4): 167–175, arXiv:0807.2549 , Bibcode:2008PASA...25..167G, doi:10.1071/AS08013. 

External linksEdit