N500 Naviplane

The N500 Naviplane was a French hovercraft built by SEDAM (Société d'Etude et de Développement des Aéroglisseurs Marins) in Pauillac, Gironde for the cross channel route. Intended to have a large passenger and crew capacity, it was for a while the largest hovercraft. Only two were built. The first was destroyed by a fire before entering service, the second proved unreliable and was broken up in 1985 at the end of its service.

N500 hovercraft arriving at Dover.jpg
The N500 arriving at Dover in 1980
Class overview
NameN.500 Naviplane
BuildersSEDAM/SNCF
OperatorsSeaspeed, Hoverspeed
Preceded byN.300 Naviplane
Built–1977
In service1977–1985
Completed2
Scrapped2
General characteristics
TypeHovercraft
Length50 m (160 ft)
Beam23 m (75 ft)
Height17 m (55 ft 9 in) hovering
Installed power5 x 2,535 kW (3,400 hp)
Propulsion5 × Avco-Lycoming TF-40 turboshaft
Capacity
  • 400 passengers
  • 55 cars
Crew15

HistoryEdit

  • N500-01 - Côte d'Argent registered LV 365.832 port of Le Verdon, Gironde estuary.
First flight on 19 April 1977 on the Gironde, demonstrating a speed of 40-45 knots (74–83 km/h). She was destroyed by a fire at her construction site on 3 May 1977.
  • N500-02 - Ingénieur Jean Bertin registered BL 341.931 port of Boulogne Sur Mer.
Built for Seaspeed by SNCF in 1977. Transferred to Hoverspeed in 1983 after a number of modifications but was returned to SNCF later that year after Hoverspeed decided she was not suitable for their services. Broken up in 1985 at the Boulogne Hoverport.

The N500 was one of the world's largest hovercraft; it could transport 400 passengers, 55 cars and 5 buses. It was also one of the fastest and reached a speed record for a travel from Boulogne to Dover at an average speed of 74 knots (137 km/h).[1]

The mass of the N500 was 260 tons, it was 50 m long and 23 m wide.

CrewEdit

1 pilot. 1 co-pilot. Seated side by side in the cockpit. 1 radar-navigator seated at the rear part of the cockpit.

6 to 8 stewardess.

6 stower-men for the cars.

Flight controlEdit

Flight yokes controlled the horizontal tail wing (elevator), propeller pitch and the thrust power of the 3 propulsion gas turbines

Rudder pedals controlled the two aerial rudders.

Two thrust levers controlled power of the two lifting gas turbines.

Obturation flaps system between the air cushion chamber and the skirts provided additional longitudinal and lateral control.

Later modifications (1983) included:

  • A third rudder on the middle engine pylon.
  • Four air vent system providing additional lateral control at low speed.

Specifications (N500)Edit

Data from [2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 15 to 17 (flight crew and cabin crew)
  • Capacity: 400 passengers distributed on the two half superior decks, 55 cars on the main deck
    86.364 t (85 long tons) payload
  • Length: 50 m (164 ft 1 in)
  • Width: 23 m (75 ft 6 in)
  • Height: 17 m (55 ft 9 in) hovering
  • Empty weight: 118,250 kg (260,697 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 243,851 kg (537,599 lb)
  • Fuel capacity: 23,380 L (5,143 imp gal)
  • Oil capacity: 500 L (110 imp gal)
  • Powerplant: 5 × Avco-Lycoming TF-40 turboshaft, 2,386 kW (3,200 hp) each (continuous) 2,535 kW (3,399 hp) (burst)
  • Max continuous RPM: 14,500
  • Fuel consumption: 247 Imp gal/engine/hour, fuel type: Kerosene JP4/TR4.
  • Propellers: 4-bladed Hawker Siddeley and Ratier-Figeac variable pitch with reverse[3], 6.40 m (21 ft 0 in) diameter
  • Propeller speed: 640 rpm

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 139 km/h (86 mph, 75 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 130 km/h (81 mph, 70 kn)
  • Never exceed speed: 144 km/h (90 mph, 78 kn)
  • Ferry range: 400 km (250 mi, 220 nmi)
  • Endurance: 5 hours
  • Operational Limits (Sea state): 1 - 1.5 m
  • Operational Limits (Wind): 6 (Beaufort Scale)

Avionics
The navigator has two marine Decca radars (band S, 2-4 GHz, a 7 cm and 10 cm wavelength), one slave radar for the pilot, two VHF radio.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Aérotrain et Naviplanes - L'histoire de la SEDAM et des Naviplanes". Aérotrain et Naviplanes. Retrieved 28 July 2006.
  2. ^ Rowson, James (2009–2012). "SEDAM N500 Naviplane". UK: www.jameshovercraft.co.uk. Retrieved 21 June 2012.
  3. ^ Ratier-Figeac Propeller manufacturers

External linksEdit