Osmeña Highway

  (Redirected from N145 highway (Philippines))

The President Sergio Osmeña Sr. Highway[1] (often shortened as Osmeña Highway), also known as the South Superhighway, is a 4.595-kilometer (2.855 mi) major highway that links Quirino Avenue in Paco, Manila to Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA) and South Luzon Expressway (SLEX) at the Magallanes Interchange in Makati.

N145 (Philippines).svg
R-3
Osmeña Highway
South Superhighway
President Sergio Osmeña Sr. Highway
South Superhighway, Skyway Stage 3 - to Gil Puyat (Makati; 12-24-2019).jpg
Osmeña Highway southbound beneath Skyway Stage 3 in Makati
Route information
Maintained by Department of Public Works and Highways and Metropolitan Manila Development Authority
Length4.595 km (2.855 mi)
Existed1960s–present
Component
highways
Major junctions
North end N140 (Quirino Avenue) in Paco, Manila
Major intersections N190 (Gil Puyat Avenue) in Makati
South end AH 26 (N1) / N145 (EDSA) / AH 26 (E2) (South Luzon Expressway) in Makati
Location
Major citiesManila and Makati
Highway system
  • Roads in the Philippines

The highway is designated as a component of National Route 145 (N145) of the Philippine highway network and of Radial Road 3 (R-3) of Metro Manila's arterial road network.

The highway is named after Sergio Osmeña, the 4th President of the Philippines. In addition, its name is also alternatively applied on South Luzon Expressway's section from Magallanes Interchange to kilometer 28.387 in San Pedro, Laguna.[2]

Route descriptionEdit

 
Osmeña Highway (pictured in 2013) facing towards Manila, with the Buendia Flyover in the foreground, taken prior to the construction of Skyway Stage 3.

The Highway starts at a traffic light intersection with Quirino Avenue in Paco, Manila.[3] It traverses the districts of Malate and San Andres Bukid and crosses San Andres Street, Ocampo (Vito Cruz) Street, and Zobel Roxas Street. It then enters the city of Makati and climbs over to pass above Gil Puyat Avenue through the Buendia Flyover, with service roads to serve that avenue and several side streets.[4] The first stage of the elevated Skyway starts on the ramps past the flyover.[5][6] Osmeña Highway crosses Arnaiz Avenue and soon crosses over EDSA at the Magallanes Interchange, where the highway continues south as the South Luzon Expressway. Most of the highway parallels the PNR Metro South Commuter Line and runs under Skyway.[7][8][9]

The Paco–Muntinlupa segment of the Sucat–Paco–Araneta–Balintawak transmission line of National Grid Corporation of the Philippines (NGCP) uses the highway right of way from Quirino Avenue to Magallanes Interchange.

Road maintenanceEdit

 
Osmeña Highway's intersection with Arnaiz Avenue in Makati, underneath Skyway and its Amorsolo Exit

The entire highway is classified as a national secondary road and is maintained by the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) through the South Manila District Engineering Office and Metro Manila 2nd District Engineering Office in Manila and Makati, respectively.[7][8] The Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA) has jurisdiction also of both the tolled and non-tolled segments, and maintains motorcycle lanes up to Sales Interchange (Nichols).[10][11] It also handles the traffic management, alongside the local governments of Manila and Makati.[12]

Apparently, Skyway Operations and Maintenance Corporation (SOMCO), the operator of Skyway and a subsidiary of San Miguel Corporation, wanted Osmeña Highway to be under its control as the highway's section from Buendia northwards runs below Skyway Stage 3. SOMCO and SMC Tollways consider the highway's section from Buendia to Magallanes as part of Skyway At-Grade as it runs beneath Skyway Stage 1.[13][14] However, it was stated that SOMCO and Citra Metro Manila Tollways Corporation (now SMC Skyway Corporation), the concession holder of Skyway Stage 1, do not have jurisdiction over toll-free roads, including Osmeña Highway.[12]

NameEdit

 
A street sign of Osmeña Highway in Manila

South Superhighway is the older name of the highway and is more widely used alternatively up to date. It is also the former and alternative name of the tolled South Luzon Expressway.

The highway was renamed to President Sergio Osmeña Sr. Highway (often shortened as Osmeña Highway), after the Commonwealth President Sergio Osmeña, by virtue of Republic Act No. 6760 in 1989.[1] The name also refers alternatively to the segment of the tolled South Luzon Expressway from Magallanes Interchange to Kilometer 28.387 in San Pedro, Laguna. It was also applied further south to Calamba, Laguna until 1992, when this segment was renamed after Dr. José Rizal by virtue of Republic Act No. 7625.[2]

HistoryEdit

 
The arch near the Makati–Manila boundary in 2014, prior to the construction of Skyway Stage 3

The highway was originally built apparently in the 1960s as part of the newer road connecting Manila and Southern Luzon.[15][16][17] It was built in parallel to the Philippine National Railway's Batangas extension line and over the old Hernandez Street in San Andres, Manila.[18] It was renamed in 1989 to President Sergio Osmeña Sr. Highway by virtue of Republic Act No. 6760.[1]

TransportationEdit

Osmeña Highway is accessed through jeepneys, taxis, and buses. Running parallel to the PNR Metro South Commuter Line, the highway is served by Philippine National Railway (PNR) stations namely: San Andres, Vito Cruz, Dela Rosa (replacing Buendia), Pasay Road, and EDSA (interchange to MRT Line 3 at Magallanes station).

IntersectionsEdit

 
Osmeña Highway's intersection with Gil Puyat Avenue beneath Buendia Flyover and Skyway
 
The southern end of Osmeña Highway at Magallanes Interchange

Intersections are numbered by kilometer posts, with Rizal Park in Manila designated as kilometer zero

ProvinceCity/MunicipalitykmmiDestinationsNotes
Manila4.0902.541  N140 (Quirino Avenue)Traffic light intersection
SkywayQuirino Exit of Skyway; northbound entrance and pending future southbound exit
4.1502.579South Superhighway Bridge #1 over Estero de Paco[19]
South Superhighway Bridge #2 over Estero de Tripa de Gallina[19]
4.6502.889San Andres StreetTraffic light intersection; no left turn allowed from either direction
Arellano StreetSouthbound access only
Estrada StreetSouthbound access only
5.4303.374Ocampo StreetTraffic light intersection; one-way street
ManilaMakati boundary5.4903.411Zobel Roxas StreetTraffic light intersection; one-way street
MakatiSkywayBuendia (Zobel) Exit of Skyway; southbound entrance
Arellano StreetSouthbound access only
SkywayBuendia (Zobel) Exit of Skyway; northbound exit
7.5524.693Calatagan Bridge over Calatagan Creek
North end of Buendia Flyover
Emilia Street, Malugay StreetTraffic light intersection; no entry to Osmeña Highway from Emilia Street
  N190 (Buendia Avenue)Traffic light intersection
Finlandia Street, Dela Rosa StreetTraffic light intersection; no left turn allowed from northbound and no right turn allowed from southbound
South end of Buendia Flyover
6.7504.194  AH 26 (E2) (Skyway)Buendia Exit of Skyway; southbound exit and northbound entrance
7.3204.548Arnaiz AvenueTraffic light intersection; no right turn allowed from northbound and no left turn from southbound
7.8004.847Don Bosco StreetNorthbound access only; southbound access via U-turn slot under Magallanes Interchange
  AH 26 (E2) (Skyway)Don Bosco Exit of Skyway; northbound entrance
Makati Diversion Channel Bridge over Makati Diversion Channel[19]
8.7105.412   AH 26 (N1) / N145 (EDSA)Magallanes Interchange; continues south as   AH 26 (E2) (SLEX)
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Republic Act No. 6760 (September 25, 1989), AN ACT CHANGING THE NAME OF THE SOUTH SUPERHIGHWAY TO PRESIDENT SERGIO OSMEÑA SR. HIGHWAY, retrieved February 5, 2021
  2. ^ a b Republic Act No. 7625 (July 14, 1992), An Act renaming the portion of the President Sergio Osmeña Sr. Highway starting from kilometer 28.387 at San Pedro, Laguna, and Any Further Extension of the Same Within the Said Province to Dr. Jose P. Rizal Highway, Amending for the Purpose Republic Act Numbered Sixty-seven Hundred and Sixty, retrieved March 1, 2009
  3. ^ "Osmeña Highway, Quirino Ave affected by Skyway construction". Rappler. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
  4. ^ Berdos, Enrico (July 24, 2019). "Angkas, motorcycle groups question sub-400cc ban in Osmeña Highway". Rappler. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
  5. ^ "METRO MANILA SKYWAY STAGE 3 (MMSS-3) | Department of Public Works and Highways". Department of Public Works and Highways. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
  6. ^ "Skyway O&M Corporation". Skyway O&M Corporation. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
  7. ^ a b "South Manila". Department of Public Works and Highways.
  8. ^ a b "Metro Manila 2nd". Department of Public Works and Highways.
  9. ^ "ArcGIS Web Application". dpwh.maps.arcgis.com. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
  10. ^ "Southbound Lane of Magallanes Interchange Closed to Traffic on August 8-17, 2014". Department of Public Works and Highways. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
  11. ^ "MMDA Okays for Repair and Rehabilitation of Osmeña Flyover". Metropolitan Manila Development Authority. May 3, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
  12. ^ a b Ilagan, Aris (July 9, 2019). "Sub-400cc motorcycle ban on Osmeña Highway: Who will enforce it?". TopGear Philippines. Retrieved June 5, 2021.
  13. ^ "SMC Tollways". Retrieved June 2, 2021.
  14. ^ "Skyway O&M Corporation". Retrieved June 2, 2021.
  15. ^ Avecilla, Victor (November 3, 2015). "Practical solutions to Metro Manila". The Standard. Retrieved January 17, 2016.
  16. ^ Avecilla, Victor (November 25, 2017). "SLEX anomalies". The Standard. Retrieved April 29, 2021.
  17. ^ Castro, Alex (September 12, 2017). "These Photos of Makati From the Past Will Amaze You". Spot.ph. Retrieved October 10, 2021.
  18. ^ Table and Pocket Map Guide City of Manila (Map). J.M. Azucena Publishing. 1960. Retrieved October 10, 2021.
  19. ^ a b c "Detailed Bridge Inventory". Department of Public Works and Highways. Retrieved March 17, 2021.