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Mystery Writers of Japan (Japanese: 日本推理作家協会, Hepburn: Nihon Suiri Sakka Kyōkai) is an organization for mystery writers in Japan.

The organization was founded on 21 June 1947 by Edogawa Rampo. It is currently chaired by Bin Konno and claims about 600 members.

It presents the Mystery Writers of Japan Award to writers every year. It also presents the Edogawa Rampo Prize to amateur writers who has had few or no novels published commercially.



On 21 June 1947, Edogawa Rampo founded the Detective Fiction Writers Club (探偵作家クラブ, Tantei Sakka Kurabu), which was based in Tokyo. In 1954, the Club merged with the Detective Fiction Writers Club of Kansai (関西探偵作家クラブ, Kansai Tantei Sakka Kurabu), the counterpart based in Kansai region, and changed its name to the Detective Fiction Writers Club of Japan (日本探偵作家クラブ, Nihon Tantei Sakka Kurabu). On 31 January 1963, the club changed its name to Mystery Writers of Japan (日本推理作家協会, Nihon Suiri Sakka Kyōkai).


The MWJ presents two annual awards.

  • Mystery Writers of Japan Award (since 1948)
    • Best Novel
    • Best Short Story
    • Best Critical/Biographical Work



The MWJ started compiling the annual anthology of members in 1948.

  • The Best Mysteries 2001 (Kodansha, Tokyo, 2001, ISBN 4-06-114902-4)
  • The Best Mysteries 2002 (Kodansha, Tokyo, 2002, ISBN 4-06-114903-2)
  • The Best Mysteries 2003 (Kodansha, Tokyo, 2003, ISBN 4-06-114904-0)
  • The Best Mysteries 2004 (Kodansha, Tokyo, 2004, ISBN 4-06-114905-9)
  • The Best Mysteries 2005 (Kodansha, Tokyo, 2005, ISBN 4-06-114906-7)
  • The Best Mysteries 2006 (Kodansha, Tokyo, 2006, ISBN 4-06-114907-5)
  • The Best Mysteries 2007 (Kodansha, Tokyo, 2007, ISBN 978-4-06-114908-3)
  • The Best Mysteries 2008 (Kodansha, Tokyo, 2008, ISBN 978-4-06-114909-0)
  • The Best Mysteries 2009 (Kodansha, Tokyo, 2009, ISBN 978-4-06-114910-6)
  • The Best Mysteries 2010 (Kodansha, Tokyo, 2010, ISBN 978-4-06-114911-3)
  • The Best Mysteries 2011 (Kodansha, Tokyo, 2011, ISBN 978-4-06-114912-0)
  • The Best Mysteries 2012 (Kodansha, Tokyo, 2012, ISBN 978-4-06-114913-7)


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