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Myrtle wreath at Vergina

Myrtle wreath (Ancient Greek: στέφανος stéfanos, Latin: corona) at Vergina made of gold myrtle (Myrtus communis) leaves and flowers is one of the most valuable finds from the antechamber of the royal Macedonian tombs at Vergina, Greece.[1] From the Hellenistic period (300-30 BC), the gold wreath is thought to belong to Meda, the Thracian princess and fifth wife of Philip II of Macedon.[2] Which was therorized by Greek archaeologist Manolis Andronikos, whom excavated the tomb of Philip II, father of Alexander the Great in 1977. This theory today is still in debate on whether this tomb actually belongs to these royals.[3]


Meaning and SymbolismEdit

Myrtle and AttireEdit

See also: Olive wreath and Laurel wreath
A plant sacred to the goddess Aphrodite, myrtle was a symbol of love. Greeks wore wreaths for special events and received them as athletic prizes and honors.[4] The wreaths were made of gold foil, they were created to be buried with the dead but too fragile to be worn for everyday attire.[5] The myrtle leaves and blossoms on the myrtle wreath were cut from thin sheets of gold, stamped and incised details, and then wired onto the stems.[6] Many that survive today were found in graves.

The myrtle wreathEdit

After restoration, there are 80 leaves and 112 flowers. The main wreath, from which the small twiggs sprouted, consists of a narrow cylindrical rod, whose two ends are flattened by twisting together. The internal diameter of the main tube is 0.18-0.16m. while the external is 0.26 - 0.23 m.[7] The gold myrtle wreath is now exposed at Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki.


  1. ^ [1], Vergina the royal tombs and the ancient city, Ekotike Athenon S.A. Athens, 1989
  2. ^ [2], Heracles to Alexander the Great, Treasures from the Royal Capital of Macedon, 2011
  3. ^ [3] Remains of Alexander the Great's Father Confirmed Found, 2014
  4. ^ [4]
  5. ^ [5]
  6. ^ [6] ,2014
  7. ^ [7], Vergina the royal tombs and the ancient city, Ekotike Athenon S.A. Athens, 1989