Myroslav Skoryk

Myroslav Skoryk (Ukrainian: Мирослав Михайлович Скорик Myroslav Myxajlovyč Skoryk, 13 July 1938 – 1 June 2020) was a Ukrainian composer and teacher. His music is contemporary in style and contains idioms from diverse sources including German, Welsh, English, and Eastern European artistic traditions.

Myroslav Skoryk
Skoryk3.jpg
Skoryk in 2015
Born(1938-07-13)13 July 1938
Died1 June 2020(2020-06-01) (aged 81)
Other namesМирослав Михайлович Скорик
CitizenshipUkrainian, Australian
Occupationcomposer
Spouse(s)Kathryn
AwardsHero of Ukraine
Order of Merit  Order of Merit  Order of Merit

Skoryk was awarded the titles People's Artist of Ukraine and Hero of Ukraine.

Early lifeEdit

Myroslav Skoryk was born in Lviv, Ukraine, then a part of Poland on 13 July 1938.[1][2] His parents were both educated in Austria at the University of Vienna and subsequently became educators. His father was a historian and an ethnographer, while his mother was a chemist. Although his parents did not have special musical training, his mother played piano and his father played the violin. Skoryk was exposed to music in the household from an early age. No less important was the fact that in his family was a well-known diva of the 20th century—Skoryk's great aunt was the Ukrainian soprano Solomiya Krushelnytska.[1]

Skoryk entered the Lviv Music School in 1945,[2] but two years later his family were deported to Siberia, where Myroslav grew up. The family did not return to Lviv until 1955.[1][2]

Student yearsEdit

 
The Lviv Conservatory, where Skoryk was a student from 1955 to 1960

Between 1955 and 1960 Skoryk studied at the Lviv Conservatory,[2] There he received training in musical composition and music theory; his teachers included Stanislav Liudkevych and Roman Simovych.[2] Skoryk’s final exam piece was Vesna ('Spring'), a cantata for soloists, mixed choir and orchestra that was based on verses by the Ukrainian writer Ivan Franko. Other piano pieces written during Skoryk's student years include a piano sonata, and V Karpatakh ('In the Carpathian Mountains'), also for solo piano.[3]

In 1960, Skoryk enrolled in the postgraduate research program at the Moscow Conservatory where he studied with the composer Dmitri Kabalevsky. He remained there for four years.[2] During this time, Skoryk composed music in an array of styles: symphonic, chamber, and vocal. Some works from this period include the 'Suite in D Major for Strings', 'Sonata No. 1 for Violin and Piano', and 'Partita No. 1 for Strings' which quickly became popular, the 'Variations', 'Blues', and the popular 'Burlesque', which is performed in concert halls around the world. 'Burlesque' is a required work in some piano competitions, most notably the International Competition for Young Pianists in Memory of Vladimir Horowitz in Kyiv, and as teaching piece.[citation needed]

Teaching careerEdit

In 1963 Skoryk became the youngest member of the National Union of Composers of Ukraine.[4]

After graduating from the Moscow Conservatory in 1964, Skoryk, then 25, began his first teaching position, becoming Ukraine's youngest composition lecturer at the Lviv Conservatory,[2][4] where he remained until 1966.[2] He then accepted a position at the Kyiv Conservatory[2] where he focused on teaching contemporary harmony techniques. His dissertation, completed in 1964, concentrated on the music of the Russian composer Sergei Prokofiev. Skoryk wrote a book, "Struktura i vyrazhalna pryroda akordyky v muzitsi XX stolittia" (The Structural Aspects of Chords in 20th Century Music) (Kyiv, 1983 Musical Ukraine Publishing House). His students included the composers Osvaldas Balakauskas, Ivan Karabyts and Yevhen Stankovych. Skoryk remained at the Kyiv Conservatory until 1988.[2]

During his career, Skoryk was active within the National Union of Composers of Ukraine.[2] He was co-chair of the union with Yevhen Stankovych from 2004 to 2010.

Later yearsEdit

In 1996 Skoryk moved with his family to Australia and obtained Australian citizenship, but later he returned to live in Ukraine.[citation needed]

In April 2011 Skoryk was appointed as the artistic director of the Kyiv Opera, a position he held until 2016.[5]

Skoryk died on 1 June 2020.[5][6]

MusicEdit

Skoryk was a composer, pianist and conductor. His works have been performed by ensembles and soloists that include the Leontovych Quartet, Oleh Krysa, Volodymyr Vynnytsky, Oleg Chmyr, Mykola Suk, Victor Markiw, and Alexander Slobodyanik.[citation needed] He was one of the recipients of the Ukraine's Shevchenko National Prize in 1987 for his Cello Concerto.[7]

AwardsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Помер відомий композитор Мирослав Скорик" [Famous composer Myroslav Skoryk has died Помер відомий композитор Мирослав Скорик],]. Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (in Ukrainian). 1 June 2020. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Baley, Virko (2001). "Skoryk [Skorik], Myroslav Mykhaylovych". Grove Music Online (8th ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.44857.
  3. ^ Markiw 2010, p. 5.
  4. ^ a b Oliynyk, Lesya (12 July 2013). "Мирослав Скорик: "Моя професія — створювати мелодії"" [Myroslav Skoryk: "My profession is to create melodies"]. The Day (Kyiv) (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  5. ^ a b "Помер український композитор Мирослав Скорик" [Ukrainian composer Myroslav Skoryk has died]. Ukrayinska Pravda (in Ukrainian). 1 June 2020. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  6. ^ "У Львові поховали композитора Мирослава Скорика" [Composer Myroslav Skoryk is buried in Lviv]. Ukrinform. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  7. ^ "Лауреати Національної премії України імені Тараса Шевченка 1962–2013" [Winners of the Taras Shevchenko National Prize of Ukraine 1962–2013] (in Ukrainian). Taras Shevchenko National Prize Committee of Ukraine. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  8. ^ "Skoryk Myroslav". Taras Shevchenko National Opera and Ballet Theatre of Ukraine. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  9. ^ "Про присвоєння М. Скорику звання Герой України" [On awarding M. Skoryk the title of Hero of Ukraine] (in Ukrainian, English, and Russian). Verkhovna Rada. 2008. Archived from the original on 28 June 2020. Retrieved 6 March 2022.

SourcesEdit

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit