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Myles Moylan (17 December 1838 – 11 December 1909) was a United States Army officer who fought at the Battle of the Little Bighorn and received the Medal of Honor. His award came for gallantry during the American Indian Wars.
|Born||December 17, 1838|
Amesbury, Massachusetts, United States
|Died||December 11, 1909|
San Diego, California, United States
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/||United States Army|
|Years of service||1857–1893|
|Commands held||Company A, 7th Cavalry Regiment|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
Myles Moylan was born on December 17, 1838, in Amesbury, Massachusetts, United States to Thomas Moylan and Margaret Riley Moylan. He worked as a shoemaker until he enlisted as a private in the U.S. Army on June 8, 1857, and was assigned to the 2nd U.S. Dragoons. He was promoted to corporal on October 1, 1858, to sergeant in October 1860, then to first sergeant on May 17, 1861.
American Civil WarEdit
Moylan's first battle, the Battle of Wilson's Creek Missouri, was fought on August 10, 1861. Moylan also participated in the Battle of Fort Henry, Tennessee, on February 6, 1862, and in the Battle of Fort Donelson, Tennessee, on February 11–16, 1862. Then the Battle of Shiloh, Tennessee, April 6–7, 1862, and the Siege of Corinth, Mississippi, from April 29-May 30, 1862. On March 28, 1863, Moylan was promoted to the rank of second lieutenant in the 5th United States Cavalry. In this organization he fought in the Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, July 1–3, 1863. On October 25, 1863, Lieutenant Moylan was dismissed from the service for being AWOL (absent without leave) in Washington, D.C. He then enlisted under the assumed name of Charles Thomas into the 4th Massachusetts Volunteer Cavalry Regiment on December 2, 1863. Moylan was appointed a sergeant in that regiment on December 26, 1863, a first lieutenant, then a captain on December 1, 1864. He was then brevetted to the rank of major on April 9, 1865, and mustered out in November, 1865.
In January, 1866, Moylan again enlisted as a private into the United States Army, and on September 1, 1866 was appointed the regimental sergeant major of the newly formed 7th United States Cavalry Regiment, then was promoted to a first lieutenant in December, 1866. He participated in 1868 Washita Campaign, and was present at the Washita Massacre, in present-day Oklahoma, on November 27, 1868. Moylan was then again promoted to the rank of captain in March, 1872, and the same year married Charlotte "Lottie" Calhoun on October 22, 1872 at Madison, Indiana; they had no children. She was the sister of Lieutenant James Calhoun, the brother-in-law of George Custer, who was killed in the Battle of Little Bighorn. Moylan participated in the Yellowstone Expedition of 1873, and in the Black Hills Expedition of 1874. Captain Moylan again fought with the 7th Cavalry, at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, Montana Territory, on June 25–26, 1876, as the commander of Company A (which was part of the battalion placed under the command of Major Marcus Reno). He was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions on September 30, 1877, during the Battle of Bear Paw, Montana Territory. Moylan was also present at the Wounded Knee Massacre, in South Dakota, on December 29, 1890. Moylan was promoted to Major, in April 1892, and retired on April 15, 1893.
Medal of Honor citationEdit
The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of Honor to Captain Myles Moylan, United States Army, for extraordinary heroism.
Rank and organization: Captain, Company A, 7th United States Cavalry Regiment. Place and date: At Bear Paw Mountain, Montana, September 30, 1877. Entered service at: United States. Born: December 17, 1838. Date of issue: November 27, 1894.
Citation: "Captain Moylan gallantly led his command in action against Nez Perce Indians until he was severely wounded".