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Myint Swe (general)

Myint Swe (Burmese: မြင့်ဆွေ; pronounced [mjɪ̰ɴ sʰwè]; born 24 June 1951[1]) is a Burmese politician, currently serving as 3rd First Vice President of the Republic of Union of Myanmar (Burma). He previously served as Acting President of Myanmar after the resignation of President Htin Kyaw on 21 March 2018. He also served as Chief Minister of Yangon Region from 30 March 2011 to 30 March 2016. On 30 March 2016, he was sworn in as the Vice President of Myanmar. He is an ethnic Mon ex-military officer in Myanmar Army with the rank of Lieutenant general.[2][3]

Myint Swe
မြင့်ဆွေ
3rd First Vice President of Myanmar
Assumed office
30 March 2016
Serving with Henry Van Thio
PresidentHtin Kyaw
Himself (Acting)
Win Myint
State CounsellorAung San Suu Kyi
Preceded bySai Mauk Kham
President of Myanmar
Acting
In office
21 March 2018 – 30 March 2018
State CounsellorAung San Suu Kyi
Preceded byHtin Kyaw
Succeeded byWin Myint
Chief Minister of Yangon Region
In office
30 March 2011 – 30 March 2016
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byPhyo Min Thein
Personal details
Born (1951-05-24) 24 May 1951 (age 67) or
(1951-06-24) 24 June 1951 (age 67)
Mandalay, Burma
Political partyUnion Solidarity and Development Party
Spouse(s)Khin Thet Htay
Children2
Alma materDefence Services Academy
Military service
Allegiance Myanmar
Service/branchMyanmar Army
Years of service1971–2010
RankLieutenant General.gif Lieutenant General

Contents

Military careerEdit

He graduated from the Defence Services Academy in 1971 as part of the 15th intake.[4] He became a brigadier general and commander of Light Infantry Division 11 in 1997. He was appointed as Commander of Southeastern Command and member of State Peace and Development Council in 2001. He was transferred as Commander of Yangon Command and promoted to major general. He also acted as Chairman of Yangon Division Peace and Development Council.

He became the Chief of Military Security Affairs after Khin Nyunt was purged in 2004.[5] He became Chief of Bureau of Special Operations - 5 (BSO-5) in January 2006. He is the first ethnic Mon to be promoted to the rank of Lieutenant General in 2005.[1] He was promoted to Quartermaster General and was rumored to be the next in line to replace Maung Aye in 2009.[4][6]

He executed 3 major events while he was commanding the Yangon Command, arresting family members of Ne Win in 2002 after an alleged coup conspiracy was uncovered, arresting Khin Nyunt and his associates in 2004 in the purge of the Military Intelligence faction and crushing the Saffron Revolution in 2007. His actions after Cyclone Nargis was criticized. He dealt with activists harshly in the pre-2010 general election period.[6]

Political careerEdit

Chief Minister of Yangon RegionEdit

He was nominated as chief-minister of the Yangon Region after the general election by President Thein Sein. He was tipped to be nominated to become Vice President of Burma after Tin Aung Myint Oo's resignation in 2012, but did not qualify per the Constitution of Burma, as one of his son-in-law's was an Australia citizen at the time.[7]

Vice PresidencyEdit

On 11 March 2016, military-appointed MPs of the Assembly of the Union nominated him as one of the Vice Presidents of Myanmar. He received 213 votes on 15 March 2016 and became First Vice President of Htin Kyaw's Cabinet.[8] He was sworn in on 30 March 2016.

Acting PresidentEdit

On 21 March 2018, following the sudden resignation of Htin Kyaw as President of Myanmar, Myint Swe was sworn in as acting President under the Constitution of Myanmar, which also called for the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw to select a new President within seven days of Htin Kyaw's resignation.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Lt Gen Myint Swe". Alternative Asean Network on Burma. Retrieved 2008-07-02.
  2. ^ "ဒုသမ္မတအဖြစ် ရွေးချယ်တင်မြှောက်ခံရသူတို့၏ ကိုယ်ရေးအချက်အလက် အကျဉ်း". Myanmar Ahlin. 12 March 2016. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  3. ^ "CONSOLIDATED LIST OF FINANCIAL SANCTIONS TARGETS IN THE UK". Her Majesty's Treasury. UK Government. 20 April 2011. Archived from the original on 29 January 2013. Retrieved 24 July 2011.
  4. ^ a b Lwin, Min (2008-06-27). "Lt-Gen Myint Swe: Future No 2?". The Irrawaddy. Retrieved 2008-07-02.
  5. ^ "Myint Soe". www.altsean.org. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  6. ^ a b "Myint Swe Nominated as New Vice-President". The Irrawaddy. 10 July 2012. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  7. ^ Sean Gleeson (11 March 2016). "Myint Swe revealed as military VP pick". Frontier Myanmar.
  8. ^ "Myanmar military picks hardliner Myint Swe to work with Suu Kyi's proxy president". South China Morning Post. 11 March 2016.
Political offices
New office Chief Minister of Yangon Region
2011–2016
Succeeded by
Phyo Min Thein
Preceded by
Sai Mauk Kham
First Vice President of Myanmar
2016–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Htin Kyaw
President of Myanmar
(Acting)

2018
Succeeded by
Win Myint