Myeik, Myanmar

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Myeik (Burmese: မြိတ်; MLCTS: mrit, pronounced [mjeɪʔ] or [beɪʔ]; Mon: ဗိက်, [pòik]; Thai: มะริด, RTGSMarit, [má(ʔ).rít]; formerly Mergui, /mɜːrˈɡw/) is a city in Tanintharyi Region in Myanmar (Burma), located in the extreme south of the country on the coast off an island on the Andaman Sea. As of 2010, the estimated population was over 209,000.[1] Myeik is the largest city in Tanintharyi Region, and serves as the regional headquarters of Myanmar Navy's Tanintharyi Regional Command. The area inland from the city is a major smuggling corridor into Thailand. The Singkhon Pass, also known as the Maw-daung Pass, has an international cross-border checkpoint.[2]

Myeik

မြိတ်မြို့
မြိတ်မြို့.jpg
Myeik is located in Myanmar
Myeik
Myeik
Location within Myanmar
Coordinates: Coordinates: 12°26′N 98°36′E / 12.433°N 98.600°E / 12.433; 98.600
Country Myanmar (Burma)
RegionTanintharyi Region
DistrictMyeik District
TownshipMyeik Township
Population
 (2014 Census)
 • Total284,498
Time zoneUTC+6:30 (MMT)
We love Myeik

HistoryEdit

Myeik was the southernmost part of the Pagan Kingdom between the 11th and 13th centuries. After the Pagan Empire's collapse in 1287, Myeik became part of successive Thai kingdoms from the late 13th century to the middle of 18th century: first the Sukhothai Kingdom and later the Ayutthaya Kingdom. A brief period of Burmese rule interrupted this between 1564–93.

From the 16th century on, the city was an important seaport and trading center with the Europeans, who would land at Mergui, travel upriver to Tenasserim and then cross the mountains to reach Ayutthaya. The French officer Chevalier de Beauregard was made Governor of the city of Myeik after the Anglo-Siamese war (1687) that resulted in the English being expelled from Siam.[3] De Beauregard was named Governor by Narai, the king of the Ayutthaya Kingdom, replacing an Englishman, Samuel White.[4] The French were then expelled from Myeik following the Siamese revolution of 1688.

The Burmese captured Myeik in 1765 as part of an invasion that would ultimately topple the Ayutthaya kingdom in 1767. In 1826, the Burmese ceded the region to the British after the First Anglo-Burmese War (1824–1826).

In the Pacific Theater of World War II, Imperial Japanese forces used laborers to construct the Mergui Road to aid their retreat after rail line were destroyed by Allied bombings.

 
Clock Tower

ClimateEdit

Myeik has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Am). Temperatures are very warm throughout the year. There is a short winter dry season (December–January), however, as is typical in locations within this climate regime, this period sees some rain as well. There is a long wet season (February–November), with particularly heavy rain falling from May to September.

Climate data for Myeik (1981–2010, extremes 1934–1994)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.0
(95.0)
36.1
(97.0)
37.2
(99.0)
37.2
(99.0)
36.7
(98.1)
36.7
(98.1)
33.9
(93.0)
33.9
(93.0)
32.8
(91.0)
35.6
(96.1)
34.4
(93.9)
36.1
(97.0)
37.2
(99.0)
Average high °C (°F) 32.1
(89.8)
32.7
(90.9)
33.4
(92.1)
33.9
(93.0)
32.0
(89.6)
30.1
(86.2)
29.6
(85.3)
29.1
(84.4)
29.8
(85.6)
31.0
(87.8)
32.1
(89.8)
31.7
(89.1)
31.5
(88.7)
Average low °C (°F) 21.7
(71.1)
22.6
(72.7)
23.7
(74.7)
24.8
(76.6)
24.6
(76.3)
24.1
(75.4)
23.7
(74.7)
23.6
(74.5)
23.6
(74.5)
23.6
(74.5)
22.9
(73.2)
21.4
(70.5)
23.4
(74.1)
Record low °C (°F) 11.7
(53.1)
15.6
(60.1)
16.1
(61.0)
18.9
(66.0)
19.4
(66.9)
19.4
(66.9)
18.9
(66.0)
18.9
(66.0)
18.9
(66.0)
17.2
(63.0)
15.0
(59.0)
12.8
(55.0)
11.7
(53.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 26.3
(1.04)
41.7
(1.64)
55.4
(2.18)
106.0
(4.17)
444.3
(17.49)
748.4
(29.46)
713.7
(28.10)
894.9
(35.23)
514.6
(20.26)
313.3
(12.33)
65.5
(2.58)
19.1
(0.75)
3,943.2
(155.24)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 1 3 5 7 18 25 26 26 23 16 6 2 158
Average relative humidity (%) 72 72 72 72 82 88 90 90 89 83 76 72 80
Source 1: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[5]
Source 2: Sistema de Clasificación Bioclimática Mundial (records),[6] Danish Meteorological Institute (precipitation days and humidity 1931–1960)[7]

DemographicsEdit

The inhabitants of the city are descended from many ethnic groups, including Bamars, Burmese Indian, Burmese Chinese, Karen, Mon, and Moken. They speak a dialect of the Burmese language known as the Myeik dialect. According to the 2014 census, Myeik has a total population of 284,498.[8]

AttractionsEdit

Myeik's is home to several Burmese pagodas, the largest of which is the Theindawgyi Pagoda.[9]

EconomyEdit

 
Port of Myeik

The population is engaged in fishing, production of natural rubber and coconuts, manufacture of fermented shrimp paste, the collection of edible bird's nests and pearl farming. Seafood products like dried fish, dried prawn and ngapi (shrimp paste) are other industries. Mergui is a gateway to the 800 offshore islands of the Mergui Archipelago, which are developing a tourist trade. Tourism in the area is restricted to cruises as land based accommodations are currently non-existent on the islands[citation needed]

EducationEdit

Health careEdit

  • Myeik Public Hospital

Notable residentsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Myanmar: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population:calculation 2010". Archived from the original on September 19, 2012. World Gazetteer
  2. ^ Maw-daung Pass
  3. ^ Vollant des Verquains 2002, p. 99.
  4. ^ John Anderson 1890, p. 365.
  5. ^ "Myanmar Climate Report" (PDF). Norwegian Meteorological Institute. pp. 26–36. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 October 2018. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
  6. ^ "Mergui (Myanmar)" (PDF). Centro de Investigaciones.
  7. ^ Cappelen, John; Jensen, Jens. "Myanmar - Mergui" (PDF). Climate Data for Selected Stations (1931-1960) (in Danish). Danish Meteorological Institute. p. 188. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 April 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  8. ^ "Myeik (District, Myanmar) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map and Location". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2017-10-24.
  9. ^ "Myeik Archipelago - Myeik Archipelago". myanmar.gov.mm. Retrieved 2020-05-27.

BibliographyEdit

External LinksEdit