My heart leaps up when I behold
A rainbow in the sky:
So was it when my life began;
So is it now I am a man;
So be it when I shall grow old,
Or let me die!
The Child is father of the Man;
And I could wish my days to be
Bound each to each by natural piety.
Writing the poemEdit
Wordsworth wrote "My Heart Leaps Up" on the night of March 26, 1802. Earlier that day, he had written "To The Cuckoo". He was in Dove Cottage, Grasmere, with his sister, Dorothy. After he wrote it he often thought about altering it, but decided to leave it as it was originally written. It was published as part of Poems, in Two Volumes in 1807.
The day after he wrote "My Heart Leaps Up" Wordsworth began to write his more ambitious "Ode: Intimations of Immortality". The last three lines from "My Heart Leaps Up" are used as an epigraph to "Intimations of Immortality". Some scholars have noted that "My Heart Leaps Up" indicates Wordsworth's state of mind while writing the larger poem and provides clues to its interpretation.
Some commentators have speculated that Wordsworth felt such joy because the rainbow indicates the constancy of his connection to nature throughout his life. Others have said that it celebrates "the continuity in Wordsworth's consciousness of self", Because the rainbow is part of a circle, Fred Blick has been able to demonstrate that the word ‘piety’ at the end of the last line makes an intentional, geometrical pun (signalled by the phrase ‘bound each to each’), symbolising continuity and infinity. The pun blends ‘a state of infinite pi / π’ with the normal meaning of ‘reverence’. Wordsworth loved geometry and used the same, geometrical pun on ‘piety’ twice elsewhere. Many commentators also draw parallels to the rainbow of Noah and the covenant that it symbolised. Wordsworth's use of the phrase "bound each to each" in the poem also implies the presence of a covenant. Some commentators have drawn further parallels with the story of Noah. Harold Bloom has suggested that Wordsworth casts the rainbow as a symbol of the survival of his poetic gift, just as the rainbow symbolised to Noah the survival of mankind. Bloom suggests that Wordsworth's poetic gift relied on his ability to recall the memories of his joy as a child.
In popular cultureEdit
Charles Ives set the poem as part of his 114 Songs under the title So may it be!
In episode 25 of the 1974 anime Majokko Megu-chan, a character reads aloud the poem in English during class.
- Dowden 1898, p. 409 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFDowden1898 (help)
- Sarker 2003, pp. 150–2
- Kevin 1990, p. 144
- Bloom 2001, p. 123
- Fred Blick, 'Wordsworth's "Rainbow" and the "Ode": The circle of Pi / π and The Geometry of "Immortality", pp.15-16. https://independent.academia.edu/FredBlick
- Twitchell 2004, p. 484
- Bloom 2001, p. 124
- "Carta ao Leitor: De olho no futuro". VEJA (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 24 August 2020.
- Dowden, Edward; William, Wordsworth (1898), Dowden, Edward (ed.), Poems by William Wordsworth, New York: Ginn & Company
- Kevin, Moore (1990), The Descent of the Imagination, New York: New York University Press, ISBN 978-0-8147-5451-1
- Sarker, Sunil Kumar (2003), William Wordsworth: A Companion, New Delhi: Atlantic, ISBN 978-81-269-0252-1
- Works related to My Heart Leaps Up at Wikisource