Muzdalifah (Arabic: مُزْدَلِفَة) is an open and level area near Mecca in the Hejazi region of Saudi Arabia that is associated with the Ḥajj ("Pilgrimage").[1][2][3][4] It lies just southeast of Mina, on the route between Mina and Arafat.

Mosque and pebble-collection zone at Muzdalifah
Mosque and pebble-collection zone at Muzdalifah
Muzdalifah is located in Saudi Arabia
Location of Mudalifah
Muzdalifah is located in Middle East
Muzdalifah (Middle East)
Muzdalifah is located in Asia
Muzdalifah (Asia)
21°23′33″N 39°56′16″E / 21.39250°N 39.93778°E / 21.39250; 39.93778
Country Saudi Arabia
 • Regional GovernorKhalid bin Faisal Al Saud
Time zoneUTC+3 (Arabia Standard Time)


The stay at Muzdalifah is preceded by a day at Mount Arafat, consisting of glorifying Allāh (God) repeating the duʿāʾ (Supplication), repentance to Allah, and asking him for forgiveness. At Arafat, Ẓuhr and ʿAṣr prayers are performed in a combined and abbreviated form during the time of Zuhr. After sunset on the ninth day of the Islamic month of Dhūl-Ḥijjah, Muslim pilgrims travel to Muzdalifah, sometimes arriving at night because of over-crowding. After arriving at Muzdalifah, pilgrims pray the Maghrib and ʿIshāʾ prayers jointly, whereas the Isha prayer is shortened to 2 rakats. At Muzdalifah, pilgrims collect pebbles for the Stoning of the Devil (Arabic: رَمِي ٱلْجَمَرَات, romanizedRamī al-Jamarāt, lit.'Stoning of the Place of Pebbles').[5][6][7]

The Sacred MonumentEdit

The Sacred Grove
Al-Mashʿar Al-Ḥarām ٱلْمَشْعَر ٱلْحَرَام
LocationMuzdalifah, Makkah, the Hejaz, Saudi Arabia
Location in Saudi Arabia
Muzdalifah (Middle East)
Muzdalifah (Asia)
AdministrationSaudi Arabian government
Geographic coordinates21°23′10″N 39°54′44″E / 21.38611°N 39.91222°E / 21.38611; 39.91222

The open-roofed mosque at Muzdalifah is known as "The Sacred Grove"[1][2][3][4] (Arabic: ٱلْمَشْعَر ٱلْحَرَام, romanizedAl-Mashʿar Al-Ḥarām).[8]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Long, David E. (1979). "2: The Rites of the Hajj". The Hajj Today: A Survey of the Contemporary Pilgrimage to Makkah. pp. 11–24. ISBN 0-8739-5382-7. With thousands of Hajjis, most of them in motor vehicles, rushing headlong for Muzdalifah [...] There is special grace for praying at the roofless mosque in Muzdalifah called al-Mash'ar al-Haram (the Sacred Grove)
  2. ^ a b Danarto (1989). A Javanese pilgrim in Mecca. p. 27. ISBN 0-8674-6939-0. It was still dark when we arrived at Muzdalifah, four miles away. The Koran instructs us to spend the night at al-Mash'ar al-Haram. the Sacred Grove at Muzdalifah, as one of the conditions for the hajj.
  3. ^ a b Jones, Lindsay (2005). Encyclopedia of religion. Vol. 10. Macmillan Reference USA. p. 7159. ISBN 0-0286-5743-8. The Qur'an admonishes: "When you hurry from Arafat, remember God at the Sacred Grove (al-mash' ar al-haram)," that is, at Muzdalifah (2:198). Today a mosque marks the place in Muzdalifah where pilgrims gather to perform the special saldt
  4. ^ a b Ziauddin Sardar; M. A. Zaki Badawi (1978). Hajj Studies. King Abdul Aziz University. Jeddah: Croom Helm for Hajj Research Centre. p. 32. ISBN 0-8566-4681-4. Muzdalifah is an open plain sheltered by parched hills with sparse growth of thorn bushes. The pilgrims spend a night under the open sky of the roofless Mosque, the Sacred Grove, Al Mush'ar al-Haram. On the morning of the tenth, all depart[.]
  5. ^ Burton, Richard Francis (1857). Personal Narrative of a Pilgrimage to El Medinah and Meccah. p. 226. The word jamrah is applied to the place of stoning, as well as to the stones.
  6. ^ Abū Dā'ūd (1984). Sunan Abu Dawud: Chapters 519-1337. Sh. M. Ashraf. 1204. Jamrah originally means a pebble. It is applied to the heap of stones or a pillar.
  7. ^ Hughes, Thomas Patrick (1995) [1885]. Dictionary of Islam. p. 225. ISBN 978-81-206-0672-2. Literally "gravel, or small pebbles." The three pillars [...] placed against a rough wall of stones [...]
  8. ^ Quran 2:129 (Translated by Yusuf Ali)

External linksEdit