Mutsu, Aomori

Mutsu (むつ市, Mutsu-shi) is a city located in Aomori Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2020, the city had an estimated population of 56,244, and a population density of 65 persons per km², in 28,778 households.[1] The total area of the city is 864.16 square kilometres (333.65 sq mi), making it the largest municipality in Aomori Prefecture in terms of area.

Mutsu

むつ市
Mutsu City from Kamafuse-yama
Mutsu City from Kamafuse-yama
Flag of Mutsu
Flag
Official seal of Mutsu
Seal
Location of Mutsu in Aomori Prefecture
Location of Mutsu in Aomori Prefecture
Mutsu is located in Japan
Mutsu
Mutsu
 
Coordinates: 41°17′34.2″N 141°11′1″E / 41.292833°N 141.18361°E / 41.292833; 141.18361Coordinates: 41°17′34.2″N 141°11′1″E / 41.292833°N 141.18361°E / 41.292833; 141.18361
CountryJapan
RegionTōhoku
PrefectureAomori
Government
 • - MayorSōichirō Miyashita
Area
 • Total864.16 km2 (333.65 sq mi)
Population
 (April 2020)
 • Total56,244
 • Density65/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
City symbols 
-TreeAsunaro
-FlowerRosa rugosa
-BirdWhooper swan
Phone number0175-22-1111
Address1-1-1, Kanaya, Mutsu-shi, Aomori-ken 035-8686
WebsiteOfficial website
Mutsu City Hall

GeographyEdit

Mutsu occupies most of Shimokita Peninsula and is bordered by Mutsu Bay to the south and Tsugaru Strait to the north, and is the northernmost city on the island of Honshū. Parts of the city is within the limits of the Shimokita Hantō Quasi-National Park. The volcanic Osorezan Mountain Range extends across the northern portion of the city, and includes a number of caldera lakes.

Neighbouring municipalitiesEdit

ClimateEdit

Mutsu has a rare oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb) or warm-summer humid continental climate (Dfb) by 0 °C isoterm, the south of the city being the northern boundary of the hot-summer type (Dfa) in Aomori, disregarding rural areas in the west.[2][3] The city is characterized by warm summers and cool to cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Mutsu is 7.2 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1339 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 20.3 °C, and lowest in January, at around -4.6 °C.[4]

Climate data for Mutsu, Aomori
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1.1
(34.0)
1.3
(34.3)
4.8
(40.6)
12.0
(53.6)
17.5
(63.5)
20.0
(68.0)
23.5
(74.3)
25.6
(78.1)
22.1
(71.8)
16.9
(62.4)
10.3
(50.5)
4.2
(39.6)
13.3
(55.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.9
(28.6)
−2.0
(28.4)
1.1
(34.0)
7.0
(44.6)
12.1
(53.8)
15.6
(60.1)
19.5
(67.1)
21.7
(71.1)
17.6
(63.7)
11.8
(53.2)
6.2
(43.2)
1.0
(33.8)
9.1
(48.5)
Average low °C (°F) −5.7
(21.7)
−6.6
(20.1)
−3.1
(26.4)
2.3
(36.1)
7.1
(44.8)
11.8
(53.2)
16.2
(61.2)
18.3
(64.9)
13.1
(55.6)
6.3
(43.3)
1.6
(34.9)
−2.7
(27.1)
4.9
(40.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 104.5
(4.11)
79.0
(3.11)
77.1
(3.04)
90.1
(3.55)
81.0
(3.19)
105.7
(4.16)
124.8
(4.91)
144.1
(5.67)
166.7
(6.56)
109.2
(4.30)
117.5
(4.63)
97.4
(3.83)
1,297.1
(51.06)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 140
(55)
119
(47)
52
(20)
4
(1.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
14
(5.5)
86
(34)
415
(163.1)
Average relative humidity (%) 75 75 72 71 74 83 86 85 81 74 72 75 77
Mean monthly sunshine hours 78.9 95.8 157.8 197.9 219.3 175.4 158.2 155.3 152.2 165.7 107.8 73.6 1,737.9
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [5]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[6] the population of Mutsu has declined over the past 40 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 34,129—    
1930 37,006+8.4%
1940 45,887+24.0%
1950 62,918+37.1%
1960 65,880+4.7%
1970 66,447+0.9%
1980 71,567+7.7%
1990 68,637−4.1%
2000 67,022−2.4%
2010 61,053−8.9%

HistoryEdit

Mutsu was founded as September 1, 1959 through the merger of the former towns of Ōminato and Tanabu. Tanabu had been the location of a daikansho under the Morioka Domain in the Edo period, and was a resettlement and colonization zone for dispossessed ex-samurai of the defeated Aizu Domain after the Boshin War. The village of Ōminato was established with the creation of the modern municipalities system on 1 April 1889, and was raised to town status on November 10, 1928. Ōminato was a port town, and home to the Ōminato Guard District, a major base for the Imperial Japanese Navy until the end of World War II. The town and its military base were bombed repeatedly from the middle of July to middle of August 1945 during World War II. The base facilities were used by the United States Navy during the occupation of Japan, and (on a reduced scale) by the Japan Maritime Self Defence Force to date.

Ōminato merged with the adjacent town of Tanabe to form the city Ōminato-Tanabu (coupling of the names of two antecedent towns) on September 1, 1959; its name was changed to Mutsu in 1960. At the time, it was the only city with a hiragana name (むつ), which was adopted to avoid confusion with the original kanji word Mutsu (陸奥) which indicates the old province that covered most of the modern Tōhoku region.

On March 14, 2005, the towns of Kawauchi and Ōhata, and the village of Wakinosawa (all from Shimokita District) were merged into Mutsu.

GovernmentEdit

Mutsu has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 26 members. Mutsu, together with Shimokita District, contributes three members to the Aomori Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Aomori 1st district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EconomyEdit

The economy of Mutsu is heavily dependent on agriculture, forestry and fishing, especially scallop aquaculture in Mutsu Bay. The city is also the location for various facilities of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency, and was the home port for the nuclear powered research vessel Mutsu, until its decommissioning in 1997.

EducationEdit

Mutsu has 13 public elementary schools and nine middle schools operated by the city government, and four public high schools operated by the Aomori Prefectural Board of Education. The prefecture also operates two special education schools for the handicapped.

High schoolsEdit

  • Tanabu High School
  • Ōminato High School
  • Mutsu Technical High School
  • Ōminato High School - Kawauchi Branch

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

  East Japan Railway Company (JR East) - Ōminato Line

HighwayEdit

International relationsEdit

Local attractionsEdit

Noted people from MutsuEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mutsu City official statistics
  2. ^ "Mutsu Climate Mutsu Temperatures Mutsu Weather Averages". www.mutsu.climatemps.com. Retrieved 2019-03-07.
  3. ^ "Interactive Asia Koppen-Geiger Climate Classification Map". www.plantmaps.com. Retrieved 2019-03-07.
  4. ^ Mutsu climate data
  5. ^ "Mutsu Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 29, 2012.
  6. ^ Mutsu population statistics

External linksEdit

  Media related to Mutsu, Aomori at Wikimedia Commons