Muteesa I of Buganda
|Ssekabaka Muteesa I Mukaabya Walugembe Kayiira|
|Kabaka of Buganda|
|Reign||1856 – 1884|
|Predecessor||Suuna II of Buganda|
|Successor||Mwanga II of Buganda|
Mulago Hill, Kampala, Uganda
|Died||1884 (aged 47)|
Kasubi Nabulagala, Kampala, Uganda
|Spouse||He married at least 85 wives|
|Father||Suuna II of Buganda|
Claim to the throneEdit
He was born at the Batandabezaala Palace, at Mulago, in 1837. He was the son of Kabaka Ssuuna II Kalema Kasinjo, Kabaka of Buganda, who reigned between 1832 and 1856. His mother was Nabakyala Muganzirwazza, the Namasole, one of the 148 recorded wives of his father. He ascended the throne upon the death of his father in October 1856.
According to historian MSM Kiwanuka, Muteesa was "an insignificant obscure prince", compared to his brothers Prince Kajumba and Prince Kiyimba. Kajumba was his father's preferred heir, as Suuna frequently pointed out to his chiefs the heroic qualities of the prince. However, the chiefs, led by the Katikkiro Kayiira felt that Kajumba would be difficult to control. Muteesa, an unpopular choice, was chosen ahead of his brothers.
He was crowned at Nabulagala. He established his capital, first on Banda Hill. Later he abandoned that palace and established capitals at Nakatema, Nabbingo, Kabojja, and finally at Kasubi, Nabulagala. The capital at Kabojja got its name due to the numerous executions carried out while the king was resident there, as the name echoes something as deadly as a snake bite.
Following his ascension to the throne, Muteesa, with the help of Kayiira, had his rival princes imprisoned on Kisimi Island. Some notable chiefs hatched a plot to overthrow the new king and replace him with Prince Kiyimba. However, the plot was unfoiled and the conspirators, along with Prince Kiyimba and Prince Kajumba, were executed.
Muteesa I Mukaabya Walugembe Kayiira is reported to have married 87 wives.
He is reported to have fathered 98 children, including:
- Kabaka Danieri Basammula-Ekkere Mwanga II Mukasa, Kabaka of Buganda, who reigned from 1884 until 1888 and from 1889 until 1897, whose mother was Naabakyaala Abisaagi Baagal'ayaze.
- Kabaka Kiweewa Nnyonyintono, Kabaka of Buganda, who reigned between 11 September 1888 and 21 October 1888, whose mother was Kiribakka.
- Kabaka Kalema I Muguluma, Kabaka of Buganda, who reigned from 21 October 1888 until 5 October 1889, whose mother was Ndibuwakanyi.
A detailed list of all of Muteesa I's issue is contained at the following reference:
Arab and Muslim traders from Zanzibar had been visiting Buganda since the 1840s to trade firearms, gunpowder, salt, and cloth in exchange for ivory and slaves. During Kabaka Muteesa I's reign, these contacts continued.
At the same time, contact was made with European visitors for the first time in 1862 when John Speke and James Augustus Grant arrived. Their positive accounts attracted more visitors and Henry Morton Stanley arrived in 1875.:151
All three visitor groups were made to believe that Kabaka Muteesa I preferred their religion over the others. They thus wrote favorable reviews back home to their respective governments, encouraging trade and friendly relations. As a result, Buganda, and Uganda were not colonized but were offered status of a protectorate. Some people regard him as the most important of the kings of Buganda because of his vision and diplomatic skills, while others are more critical and believe he welcomed British Imperial influence that ultimately undermined Buganda's sovereignty .
The final yearsEdit
He died at Kasubi Nabulagala on 9 October 1884 at the age of 47, and was buried on 18 October 1884 at Kasubi, the first Kabaka to be buried there. In 2007, Muteesa I Royal University was opened in his name, in recognition of his contribution to the education of the people of Buganda and Uganda. The first chancellor of the university was Kabaka Ronald Muwenda Mutebi II, the current reigning Buganda monarch. In June 2016, Julia Sebutinde was installed as chancellor of the University, replacing Kabaka Mutebi II, who installed her.
- Kiwanuka, MM Semakula, Muteesa of Uganda. Kampala: East African Literature Bureau, 1967, pp. 6-9.
- Kiwanuka, MM Semakula, 1967.
- "The Palaces of Kabaka Muteesa I". Uganda Travel Guide. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- Kiwanuka, MM Semakula, 1967
- "The Wives of Kabaka Muteesa I". Royalark.net. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- "The Abalasangeye Dynasty". Royalark.net. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- Stanley, H.M., 1899, Through the Dark Continent, London: G. Newnes, ISBN 0486256677
- "Biography of Muteesa I of Buganda". Answers.com. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- "Kabaka Muteesa I Is Buried At Kasubi, Nabulagala". Royalark.net. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- Kulanyi, Shiffa (17 June 2016). "Justice Sebutinde Installed As Muteesa University Chancellor". Daily Monitor. Kampala. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
- Kaggwa, Sir Apollo K, Basekabaka be’Buganda [translated by MM Semakula Kiwanuka]. Nairobi: East African Publishing House, 1971.
- Kiwanuka, MM Semakula, Muteesa of Uganda. Kampala: East African Literature Bureau, 1967.
- Kiwanuka, MM Semakula, A History of Buganda: From the foundation of the Kingdom to 1900. London: Longman, 1971.