(pronounced "Musically", styled as was a social media service headquartered in Shanghai with an American office in Santa Monica, California,[1] on which platform users created and shared short lip-sync videos. The first prototype was released in April 2014, and then after that, the official version was launched in August 2014.[2][3] Through the app, users could create 15-second to 1-minute lip-syncing music videos and choose sound tracks to accompany, use different speed options (time-lapse, fast, normal, slow motion, and epic) and add pre-set filters and effects. The app also allowed users to browse popular "musers", content, trending songs, sounds and hashtags, and uniquely interact with their fans.
Original author(s)
    • Alex Zhu
    • Luyu Yang
    • Inc. (2014–2017)
    • ByteDance (2017–2018)
    • TikTok (2018–present)
Initial releaseAugust 2014; 9 years ago (2014-08)
Final release
August 2, 2018; 5 years ago (2018-08-02)
Preview release
April 2014; 10 years ago (2014-04)
Operating system
Available in36 languages
TypeVideo sharing
LicenseProprietary Edit this on Wikidata

In June 2016, had over 90 million registered users, up from 10 million a year earlier.[4] By the end of May 2017, the app had reached over 200 million users.[5]

ByteDance Ltd. acquired Inc. on November 10, 2017, and merged it into TikTok on August 2, 2018. At the same time, Inc. changed its name to TikTok Inc.[6]




edit Inc. was founded by long time friends Alex Zhu and Luyu Yang in Shanghai, China.[7][8] Before launching, Zhu and Yang teamed up to build an education social network app, through which users could both teach and learn different subjects through short-form videos (3–5 minutes long). After having investors fund this venture, it took them about 6 months to build the product. However, once launched, this online self-learning platform did not get enough traction and the content produced was not engaging enough. They were unable to secure further investment, and after losing traction, they shut the service down. Zhu & Yang then began searching for a new business model in the consumer, social, and multimedia space. It led to them focusing on video content again, this time shorter (15s–60s), which they thought would help keep the content light and playful. They let users select music snippets for their videos, which helped build a very small user base. Eventually the product pivoted to lip sync snippets after noticing a spike in downloads Thursday evenings during and after episodes of the Spike celebrity game show Lip Sync Battle.[3] The team's judgment at the time was that long music videos were not very widely popular before, and the fundamental reason was that although people are willing to watch short videos, the supply was small, as there were too few people who were willing to shoot and share. Therefore,'s entry point was to introduce a large amount of music, so that everyone can easily integrate music into the video, and a less fun video will become more fun.[8] The first version of was officially launched in August 2014.[3]



At the beginning, the team launched the app in both the Chinese and American markets. However, compared to the domestic market's tepid reaction, their app was particularly popular in the American teenager market. As their team size was small, they decided to mainly focus on the U.S. market. The product quickly accumulated a group of loyal users, and although the total number of the users continued to be not very large, the activity level of the users was very high.[8]

In July 2015, the app began to attract millions of users, allowing "musers" ( users) to lip-sync to millions of songs. climbed up to the number 1 position in the iOS App Store,[9] becoming the most-downloaded free app in over 30 countries, including the US, Canada, UK, Germany, Brazil, the Philippines and Japan. In May 2016, reached 70 million downloads, with over 10 million new videos posted every day.[3]

In June 2016, Coca-Cola launched its #ShareACoke campaign on, which introduced's "User-Generated Ads" model.[10] On July 24, 2016, during VidCon, officially launched, its new live video streaming platform.[11] On, users could live-stream to their

Merger into TikTok


On November 9, 2017, the Wall Street Journal reported that Inc had been sold to Bytedance Technology Co., which operates the program Toutiao, for as much as US$1 billion.[12] However, Recode estimated that the sale would be for around US$800 million. On August 2, 2018, and TikTok merged, with existing accounts and data consolidated into one app, keeping the title TikTok. This ended and made TikTok a worldwide app, excluding China, since China's separate version of TikTok is called Douyin. At first, the features were still present on the TikTok app, including crowns ('s unique verification system), page categories, and duets. Eventually, TikTok removed crowns and replaced them with check marks. They also got rid of page categories and started implementing many other features, including LIVE broadcasts, favorites, reposts, stitches, voice effects, filters, and more.[citation needed]


edit users could record videos of 15-seconds to 1-minute in one or multiple shots, lip-syncing to sounds or comedy. The platform also enabled editing, through 14 pre-set filters and effects that allow a change in speed or reversing the motion of the recording. Additionally, also had a feature to create shorter videos, named "live moments", which were essentially GIFs with music. Users could "remuse" (reuse) sounds created by other users, which instills a new level of engagement with the content. Other ways in which users could interact with each other were through features such as "Ask a Question" and "Duet". In this regard, had an option called "Best Fan Forever", through which users can select certain followers who can participate in duets with them. Users could also send private messages to their friends using the feature.[13] also had its own unique verification feature, in which a crown was showcased at the top of a verified user's profile. Users called this being "crowned." Users could save private videos or publicly upload them as well. This "private" saving feature is similar to the "drafts" on TikTok. Similar to the "for you" page on TikTok, had a "featured" page, in which specific videos were hand-picked and showcased on the page by officials based on their video quality. A featured logo would appear on the bottom left near the username.



On January 28, 2016, Business Insider released a survey, in which "10 of the 60 [interviewed teenagers] listed as the app they were most excited about."[14]

Notable users


Active users with higher rates of popularity were assigned crowns by, which was the app's verification symbol. Some users of the platform gained great traction and a huge following not only within, but also outside it as well. Baby Ariel, also known as Ariel Martin who, in May 2017, had 19 million followers on alone,[15] is one of several users who gained major media attention through In April 2016, she was interviewed live on Good Morning America.[16][17] Mackenzie Ziegler and Maddie Ziegler became more famous on when they finished Dance Moms. Jacob Sartorius, who later became a social media influencer, promoted his first single "Sweatshirt" on, after which the song reached number 10[18] on the iTunes Store. In June 2016, it was reported that Sartorius had signed with United Talent Agency.[19] Loren Gray also started on and was at one point the most-followed individual on the platform after it became TikTok.[20] Loren Gray was also the first person to reach 40 million followers on the platform. Lisa and Lena started on and reached 32.7 million followers by the end of March 2019. They later deleted their account due to the "unfun" vibes of the app. They created a new TikTok page on May 7, 2020, and, as of March 2021, have over 12 million followers. Kristen Hancher is also a notable user, known for her "transition" styled lipsync videos. Hancher amassed over 18 million followers on the platform by 2017. In 2017, she collaborated with Logan Paul to promote his new song "Help Me Help You."

Rights, permissions and licensing


In June 2016, signed its first major label deal with Warner Music Group, allowing its music to be licensed for use on the platform and the app users to interact with WMG's artists and songs.[21] Besides continuing to work with the UK-based 7digital, also teamed up with Apple Music in April 2017 permitting users to sign up to the streaming service to listen to full songs and cut out a fifteen-second segment of the songs for lip-syncing on the platform.[22]

See also



  1. ^ Lin, Liza; Winkler, Rolfe (November 10, 2017). "Social-Media App Is Acquired for as Much as $1 Billion". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Archived from the original on November 9, 2020. Retrieved October 19, 2018.
    - "Company Overview of, Inc". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on October 19, 2018. Retrieved October 19, 2018.
  2. ^ Baig, Mirza M. S. (February 12, 2018). "How did the founders of made $2b in 2016." Medium. Archived from the original on June 12, 2020. Retrieved January 11, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d "How a failed education startup turned into, the most popular app you've probably never heard of". Business Insider Malaysia. May 28, 2016. Archived from the original on January 11, 2019. Retrieved January 11, 2019.
  4. ^ Dan Rys (June 29, 2016). "Fresh Off a Big Funding Round, Signs Its First Major Label Deal with Warner Music". Billboard. Archived from the original on August 13, 2017. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  5. ^ Dan Rys (April 28, 2017). ", Apple Music Ink New Partnership, With More to Come". Billboard. Archived from the original on March 6, 2020. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
  6. ^ Kundu, Kishalaya (August 2, 2018). " App To Be Shut Down, Users Will Be Migrated to TikTok". Beebom. Archived from the original on October 5, 2019. Retrieved May 30, 2019.
  7. ^ Spangler, Todd (September 30, 2016). "'s Is Now Bigger Than Twitter's Periscope on iOS (Study)". Variety. Archived from the original on November 11, 2020. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
  8. ^ a b c "为什么一个中国团队做的短视频 APP 登上了全美 iOS 总榜第一?【上海 · Talk】_详细解读_最新资讯_热点事件_36氪". 21 December 2015. Archived from the original on 29 June 2019. Retrieved 23 May 2020.
  9. ^ Newlands, Murray. "The Origin and Future Of America's Hottest New App:" Archived 2020-11-01 at the Wayback Machine, Forbes, June 10, 2016. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  10. ^ "Share a Coke: Turning Lyrics into Language". Shorty Awards. Archived from the original on September 5, 2018. Retrieved September 5, 2018.
  11. ^ Wallenstein, Andrew (June 24, 2016). " May Be the Spoiler in Livestream Race with Launch of". Variety. Archived from the original on November 8, 2020. Retrieved June 24, 2016.
  12. ^ Lin, Liza; Winkler, Rolfe (November 9, 2017). "Social-Media App Is Acquired for as Much as $1 Billion". The Wall Street Journal. New York City. Archived from the original on June 13, 2020. Retrieved November 12, 2017.
  13. ^ "What is Tik Tok (formally". Webwise. November 25, 2017. Archived from the original on November 11, 2020. Retrieved September 5, 2018.
  14. ^ Kosoff, Maya (January 28, 2016). "60 teenagers reveal what they think is cool — and what isn't — in 2016". Business Insider. Archived from the original on January 31, 2016. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
  15. ^ Usborne, Simon (December 10, 2016). "'It's crazy, for sure': meet the stars of". The Guardian. Archived from the original on November 8, 2020. Retrieved January 3, 2017.
  16. ^ "'Baby Ariel' Talks, the Explosively Popular App for Teens". ABC News. 6 April 2016. Archived from the original on 5 September 2019. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  17. ^ Kenneth, Steven. "Purchasing TikTok Followers For a New Startup in Israel". Retrieved 19 March 2023.
  18. ^ Jacob Sartorius 'Sweatshirt' American iTunes Chart Performance Archived 2020-06-12 at the Wayback Machine. iTunes Charts. Retrieved July 1, 2016.
  19. ^ Jarvey, Natalie. "UTA Sains Star Jacob Sartorius" Archived 2016-07-03 at the Wayback Machine, Hollywood Reporter, June 30, 2016.
  20. ^ Reeve, Elspeth (July 20, 2016). "90 MILLION TWEENS, A FREE APP, ONE GOAL: FAME". Elle. Archived from the original on August 22, 2017. Retrieved January 3, 2017.
  21. ^ "Fresh Off a Big Funding Round, Signs Its First Major Label Deal with Warner Music". Billboard. Archived from the original on September 24, 2020. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  22. ^ Andy Malt (May 2, 2017). " announces Apple Music integration". Complete Music Update. Archived from the original on September 22, 2020. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
    - Peter Kafka (April 27, 2017). " syncs up with Apple Music". Recode. Archived from the original on April 3, 2019. Retrieved October 16, 2018.