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Moroccan music is characterized by its great diversity from one region to another. It includes Arabic music as the chaâbi and the aita of the Atlantic plains (Doukkala-Abda, Chaouia-Ouardigha, Rehamna ...), the melhoune of the Andalusian cities (Meknes, Fes, Salé, Tetouan, Oujda...) as well as the Hassani in the Moroccan Sahara. There is also Amazigh music such as the Rif reggada, the ahidus of the Middle Atlas and the Souss ahwash. In the South there is also deqqa Marrakshia and gnawa. In addition, young people synthesize the Moroccan spirit with influences from around the world (blues, rock, metal, reggae, Moroccan rap, etc.). Each genre and musical group is made up of regional subgroups, and is further divided between 'modern' and 'traditional' music.

Music of Morocco
Genres
Specific forms
Regional music

Traditional music stylesEdit

Andalusian classical musicEdit

Andalusian classical music (Arabic: طرب أندَلُسي, موسيقى الآلة لاب‎ transliterated ṭarab andalusi or Musiqa al-Ala, Spanish: música andalusí) is a style of Arabic music found in different styles across the Maghreb (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya in the form of the Ma'luf style). It originated out of the music of Al-Andalus (Muslim Iberia) between the 9th and 15th centuries. Some of its poems were found to be composed by authors such as Al-Shushtari, Ibn al-Khatib and Al-Mu'tamid ibn Abbad.

Berber folk musicEdit

There are varieties of Berber folk music: village music and music.

Chaabi "popular" folk musicEdit

Chaabi (Arabic: الشعبي‎, popular in English) is a music consisting of numerous varieties which descend from the multifarious forms of Moroccan folk music. Chaabi was originally performed in markets, but is now found at any celebration or meeting.

Gnawa, mysticalEdit

 
A gnawa street performer wearing traditional gnawi clothing in Rabat's Qasbat al-Widaya.

Gnawa is a form of music that is mystical. It was gradually brought to Morocco by Sub-Saharan Africans and later became part of the Moroccan tradition.

Classical MalhunEdit

Classical Malhun is peaceful and very interesting to listen to. It has been played around in the streets of Morocco for over a thousand years. It is very common music to hear in Morocco.

Classical Sufi musicEdit

Sufi brotherhoods (tariqas) are common in Morocco, and music is an integral part of their spiritual tradition. This music is an attempt at reaching a trance state which inspires mystical ecstasy.

Rock, pop, rap, and reggaeEdit

Rai, rock musicEdit

Rai is more closely associated with Algeria in the international music scene, but Morocco has produced its own stars like Cheb Mimoun and Hanino.

Celine is a popular poprock artist in Morocco.

Morocco's famous international music producer RedOne (Nadir Khayat) is representing Morocco internationally and he was decorated by the king of Morocco Mohammed VI "wissam alaoui".

Morocco has a small metal scene with bands like Sakadoya and Analgesia being the most prominent.

Rap and reggaeEdit

Rap and reggae have become more dominant in contemporary Morocco. Artists such as Muslim, Dizzy DROS and Dub Afrika have gained international popularity. They are most known for their song, Rissala.[1]

Mehdi Hattabi (born July 7), better known by his stage name Dub Afrika, is a Moroccan singer, mixer, and dancer. Dub Afrika started his musical career on the streets and soon rose to fame. In 2009, he became a member of Cosa Nostra, a successful group. They released an album in 2009 which includes the songs, "Positive Time" and "Made in Morocco."

In 2011, he left Cosa Nova to begin his solo career as a reggae artist with his first single "Mama, I Love You." Since then he has been continuously producing successful hits such as "Sky is the Limit" and "Bless." He has also collaborated with artists such as Nabyl Chouftchouf, Spliff Killa, and most notably, Muslim.

FusionEdit

Several Moroccan artists are fusing elements of traditional Moroccan music with internationally popular styles. For example, Issam combines rai with trap from the southern US.[2] LD Malca fuzes chaabi with electro music.[3]

Music educationEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Muslim Feat. Dub Africa". Rissala. 22 January 2013. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  2. ^ "The Gritty Rise Of Issam". Gentlemen's Quarterly. Retrieved 2019-10-12.
  3. ^ "Malca dévoile enfin son nouveau clip (et on adore)". Al HuffPost Maghreb (in French). 2017-10-27. Retrieved 2019-10-12.

NotesEdit

  • Muddyman, Dave. "A Basic Expression of Life". 2000. In Broughton, Simon and Ellingham, Mark with McConnachie, James and Duane, Orla (Ed.), World Music, Vol. 1: Africa, Europe and the Middle East, pp 567–578. Rough Guides Ltd, Penguin Books. ISBN 1-85828-636-0

BibliographyEdit

  • Chants et Danses Berbères (Moyen Atlas - Foire au Mouton de Timhadit) par Alexis Chottin 16 juin 1935 in Revue de musicologie, T. 17e, No. 58e (1936), pp. 65–69
  • Olsen, Myriam ; Lortat-Jacob, Bernard, pref. Musiques de l’Atlas, Arles : Actes Sud : Cité de la musique, 1997 .
  • Guettat, Mahmoud, La musique classique du Maghreb, Paris : Sindbad, 1980 . (La bibliothèque arabe).
  • Aydoun, Ahmed, Musiques du Maroc, Casablanca : Editions EDDIF, 1994.
  • Mohamed Belghazi (dir.), Instruments des musiques populaires et de confréries du Maroc. Fragments de musées, Aix-en-Provence : Edisud, La croisée des chemins, 1998.
  • Catherine Homo-Lechner et Christian Rault, Instruments de musique du Maroc et d'al-Andalus, Fondation Royaumont / CERIMM, 1999.

External linksEdit