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The Museu Paulista of the University of São Paulo (commonly known as Museu do Ipiranga) is a Brazilian history museum located near where Emperor Pedro I proclaimed the Brazilian independence on the banks of Ipiranga brook in the Southeast region of the city of São Paulo, then the "Caminho do Mar," or road to the seashore. It contains a huge collection of furniture, documents and historically relevant artwork, especially relating to the Brazilian Empire era.

Museu do Ipiranga
LocationIpiranga district, São Paulo, Brazil
Coordinates23°35′08″S 46°36′35″W / 23.585608°S 46.609678°W / -23.585608; -46.609678Coordinates: 23°35′08″S 46°36′35″W / 23.585608°S 46.609678°W / -23.585608; -46.609678
TypeHistory and art museum
DirectorCecilia Helena Lorenzini de Salles Oliveira
CuratorVânia Carneiro de Carvalho
Public transit access2green.png Alto do Ipiranga
10turquoise.png Ipiranga
Museum of Ipiranga gardens in São Paulo.

The most famous work of art in the collection is the 1888 painting Independência ou Morte (Independence or Death) by Pedro Américo.

A few months after the Brazilian Declaration of Independence, people started to suggest a monument on the site where the declaration took place, although they were not sure about what sort of memorial construction to build. In 1884, Italian architect Tommaso Gaudenzio Bezzi, who was hired to develop the project, chose to build an eclectic-styled construction similar to the French Palace of Versailles with impressive and perfectly manicured gardens and fountain.

The museum closed in August 2013 for extensive restoration and modernisation; it is due to re-open in 2022.[1]

Design and constructionEdit

In 1884, Italian architect Tommaso Gaudenzio Bezzi was chosen to design a monumental building to be built at the place where Brazilian Independence would have been proclaimed. The 123m-long palace was inspired in a Renaissance palace and is considered an example of Eclectic architecture. The museum was opened to the public on September 7, 1895, six years after the Proclamation of the Republic.[2] In 1909, Belgian landscape designer Arsenio Puttermans projected the gardens around the main building, which were later redesigned by landscape designer Reinaldo Dierberger in the 1920s.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Fechado ao público, Museu do Ipiranga será reaberto só em 2022". São Paulo (in Portuguese). 7 September 2014.
  2. ^ "History of the Museu Paulista (Paulista Museum)". Museu Paulista. Universidade de São Paulo. Retrieved 2015-01-03.

External linksEdit