Musa bey Rafiyev

Musa bey Rafiyev Haji Mammadhuseyn oglu (Azerbaijani: Musa bəy Rəfiyev Hacı Məmmədhüseyn oğlu; 1888–1938), also known as Musa bey Rafibeyli (Azerbaijani: Musa bəy Rəfibəyli), was an Azerbaijani statesman who served as Special Minister in care of Social Security and Refugee Affairs in the second cabinet, Minister of Social Security and Healthcare in the fourth cabinet of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, and was member of Azerbaijani National Council and later Parliament of Azerbaijan.

Musa bey Rafiyev
Musa bəy Rəfiyev
Minister of Healthcare and Social Security of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (ADR)
In office
December 24, 1919 – March 30, 1920
PresidentFatali Khan Khoyski
Prime Minister, (Chairman of Azerbaijani Parliament)
Preceded byValerian Klenevski
Succeeded byoffice terminated
Minister of Social Security and Religious Affairs
In office
October 6, 1918 – December 7, 1918
Preceded byoffice established
Special Minister in care of Social Security and Refugee Affairs
In office
June 17, 1918 – October 6, 1918
Preceded byportfolio established
Succeeded byportfolio terminated
Personal details
Born1888 (1888)
Ganja, Azerbaijan
Died1938 (1939) (aged 50)
Tabriz, Iran

Early yearsEdit

Rafiyev was born in Ganja, Azerbaijan in 1888. Son of local philanthropist Haji Mammadhuseyn Rafiyev, he received his elementary education at the madrasah of Shah Abbas Mosque and then at Ganja Classic Gymnasium. Musa Rafiyev had 6 brothers and 5 sisters. In 1911, he graduated from the Medical Department of Kharkov State University and returned to Ganja to start his medical practice. For exceptional services, he received several awards, among them Exemplar Council (1913), College Assessor (1914), Saray Council (1916). In 1914, in cooperation with Khudadat Rafibeyli and Hasan bey Aghayev, he co-founded the first Medical Society of Elisabethpol.[1]

Political careerEdit

After the February Revolution in Russia, he was appointed representative of Special Transcaucasian Committee in Elisabethpol (Ganja). Having joined Musavat party, he became a member of Muslim faction of Transcaucasian Sejm and after its abolishment, a member of Azerbaijani National Council. Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was established on May 28, 1918. When its second government convened on June 17, 1918, Rafiyev was appointed a Special Minister without portfolio, in charge of Social Security and Refugee Affairs and served in the capacity until October 6, 1918.[2] On October 6, 1918 the government of ADR moved to Baku and conducted administrative reforms. He was then appointed Minister of Social Security and Religious Affairs. He served held the office until December 7, 1918. On December 7, 1918 he was elected member of National Assembly of Azerbaijan from Musavat faction.[3] When the fifth coalition government led by Nasib Yusifbeyli formed on December 24, 1919, Rafiyev was appointed Minister of Healthcare and Social Security.[1][4]

After takeover of Azerbaijan by Bolsheviks on April 28, 1920 Rafiyev immigrated to Tabriz where he started a clinic and worked as a doctor until his death in 1938.[1]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c "Патриот и просветитель, именитый гянджинец" [Patriot and enlightening Ganja resident]. Retrieved 2011-11-09.
  3. ^ "Личный состав служащих правительственных учреждений АДР" [Officeholders in governmental bodies of ADR]. Archived from the original on 2011-10-07. Retrieved 2011-11-09.
  4. ^ "Azərbaycan Cümhuriyyətinin son hökuməti 90 il qabaq istefa verib" [The last government of Azerbaijan dissolved 90 years ago]. Deyerler. 2010-03-30. Retrieved 2011-11-09.[permanent dead link]