Musée des Beaux-Arts de Dijon
This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)(Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Location||Palace of the Dukes of Burgundy|
Being one of the oldest museums in France, the Museum of Fine Arts in Dijon was founded in 1787 during the Age of Enlightenment. It is known for its collections in relation with the dukes of Burgundy, for the richness of its encyclopedic collections stretching from Egyptian art to the 20th century as well as the historical interest of the building that holds them, the Palace of the Dukes of Burgundy.
The history of the Fine Arts Museum goes back to the creation of the art school by François Devosge in 1766.
His collections, which have been presented within the Museum since 1787, represent the beginnings of the museum’s collections. It was initially made up of two rooms, the Statues Room – intended for sculpture, and the Salon Condé – for paintings, which celebrate the glory of the Condés, governors of Burgundy.
It is located in the former palace of the Dukes of Burgundy and in the eastern part of the Palace of the Estates.
The museum opened its doors to the public in 1799 and gradually spread out within the palace being enriched by imperial grants, deposits by the State, donations and legacies.
As one of the largest museums of France, le Musée des Beaux-Arts de Dijon is known for its rich collections of sculptures, paintings, art objects and various other items from the past.
Among the attractions of the museum, you can find the tombs of Philippe le Hardi and Jean sans Peur, a collection of German and Swiss primitives (the most important in France) and a collection of French paintings, rich in artists dating back to the time of Louis XIV, not forgetting the collection of contemporary art.
The museum also holds extra-European collections, such as ceramic and Islamic glasses, weapons and oriental caskets, ancient ivories of Africa, everyday objects and African ceremonial masks, Chinese and Japanese porcelains, Korean stoneware, Tibetan and Indian sculptures and pre-Columbian ceramics.
The museum holds a large and varied collection of art:
- Various remains of the lavish court of the Dukes of Burgundy, including the famous tombs of Philip the Bold, John the Fearless and Margaret of Bavaria with their mourners from the Chartreuse of Champmol.
- A collection of Egyptian antiquities with a rare series of Fayum mummy portraits
- A collection of Roman art from Switzerland and Germany unique in France
- Some famous works from the Renaissance, 17th and 18th centuries, including works by Melchior Broederlam, Verrocchio, Robert Campin (known as the Master of Flémalle), Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Lorenzo Lotto, Titian, Jacopo Pontormo, Paolo Veronese, Jan Brueghel the Elder, Guido Reni, Georges de La Tour, Rubens, Philippe de Champaigne, Charles Le Brun, Jean-Baptiste Greuze, Hubert Robert
- A balanced representation of different currents of 19th century and a significant body of work of the sculptor Pompon
- A section of modern art including Granville gift: Théodore Géricault, Eugène Boudin, Claude Monet, Édouard Manet, Alfred Sisley, Georges Braque, Juan Gris, Georges Rouault
- Representative works of the school of Paris from 1950 to 1970 with Charles Lapicque, Vieira da Silva, Nicolas de Staël
Selected collection highlightsEdit
Lorenzo Lotto, Portrait of a Woman, c.1505.
Titian, The Virgin, the Child, Saint Agnes and Saint John the Baptist, mid-16th c.
Paolo Veronese, The finding of Moses, 1713
Jan Brueghel the Elder, The castle of Mariemont, 1612
Georges de La Tour, The Blower with a lamp, 1649
Giambattista Tiepolo, The Education of the Virgin, c.1720-1722
James Tissot, The Japanese at the bath, 1864
Claude Monet, Etretat the Aval door: fishing boats leaving the harbour, 1885