The Muraenesocidae, or pike congers, are a small family of marine eels found worldwide in tropical and subtropical seas.[1] Some species are known to enter brackish water.

Muraenesox cinereus.JPG
Muraenesox cinereus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Anguilliformes
Suborder: Congroidei
Family: Muraenesocidae
Bleeker, 1864

see text

Pike congers have cylindrical bodies, scaleless skin, narrow heads with large eyes, and strong teeth. Their dorsal fins start above the well-developed pectoral fins. These rather aggressive fish range from 60 to 250 cm (2.0 to 8.2 ft) in length.


About 15 known species are recognized in 6 genera:[2]


  1. ^ McCosker, John F. (1998). Paxton, J.R.; Eschmeyer, W.N. (eds.). Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. p. 89. ISBN 0-12-547665-5.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2017). "Muraenesocidae" in FishBase. June 2017 version.
  • A Dictionary of Zoology 1999, originally published by Oxford University Press 1999.