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Murad Bakhsh

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Muhammad Murad Bakhsh (9 October 1624 – 14 December 1661[1]) was a Mughal prince as the youngest son of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and Empress Mumtaz Mahal.[2] He was the Subedar of Balkh until he was replaced by his elder brother Aurangzeb in the year 1647.

Murad Bakhsh
Shahzada of the Mughal Empire
Murád Baxsh.jpg
Born 9 October 1624
Rohtasgarh Fort, Bihar, India
Died 14 December 1661(1661-12-14) (aged 37)
Gwalior Fort, Madhya Pradesh, India
Burial Traitor's Cemetery (Gwalior)
Spouse Sakina Banu Begum
One another wife
Issue Muhammad Yar Mirza
Izzad Bakhsh Mirza
Dostdar Banu Begum
Asaish Banu Begum
Hamraz Banu Begum
Full name
Muhammad Murad Bakhsh
House Timurid
Father Shah Jahan
Mother Mumtaz Mahal
Religion Islam

Contents

FamilyEdit

Muhammad Murad Bakhsh was born on 9 October 1624, at the Rohtasgarh Fort in Bihar, as the youngest son of Emperor Shah Jahan and his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. Murad's siblings included his two politically powerful sisters, the princesses: Jahanara Begum and Roshanara Begum as well as the heir-apparent to his father, his eldest brother, Crown Prince Dara Shikoh and the future Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.

Personal lifeEdit

In 1638, Murad Bakhsh, at the age of fourteen years married the Safavid princess, Sakina Banu Begum, a daughter of Shah Nawaz Khan Safavi. She was the younger sister of his elder sister-in-law, Dilras Banu Begum, who was Aurangzeb's wife.[3]

GovernorshipEdit

He was appointed to Subadar of Multan (1642), of Balkh (16 February 1646 to 9 August 1646), of Kashmir (20 August 1647 to July 1648), of Deccan (25 July 1648 to 14 September 1649), and Kabul (23 January 1650 to 1654), of Gujarat (March 1654), and Malwa.

CourtiersEdit

  • Raja Aman Khan Bahadur – Died in 1661 Mewat
  • Darar Khan – Died 1673 Mewat
  • Muhammad Rustam Shaikh – Died 1648 at Deccan.
  • Muhammad Allahauddin Shaikh – Died 1655 He was brother of Rustam Shaikh
  • Miah Khan – Died 1653 at Deccan.
  • Rajkumar Hariram Singh – 1622–1678(56) The Deputy of Murad Baksh from 1646-1651. He was second son of Raja Gaj Singh of Nagpur and Brother of Raja Amar Singh of Nagpur
  • Rajkumar Veer Singh – 1636–1680(44) Eldest son of Amar Singh of Nagpur.

War of successionEdit

 
Murad Baksh, younger brother of Aurangzeb

On 30 November 1657, he proclaimed himself emperor at Ahmedabad, after reports that his father was ill. During the same year he received the Ottoman ambassador Manzada Husain Agha, who arrived in the port of Surat and was on his way to meet Shah Jahan in Agra. Manzada Husain Agha mentions his disappointment regarding the wars between Shah Jahan's sons.[4]

Murad Bakhsh joined hands with Aurangzeb to defeat Dara Shikhoh, the eldest son of Shah Jahan. In fact it was the ferocious charge led by Murad Bakhsh and his Sowars that eventually turned the outcome of the battle in favor of Aurangzeb during the Battle of Samugarh.

On 7 July 1658, while he was in a tent with his brother Aurangzeb, he was intoxicated and was secretly sent to the prison and transferred to Gwalior Fort from January 1659.

He faced a trial that sentenced him to death for having murdered former Diwan clerk named Ali Naqi, in 1661. Aurangzeb then replaced Murad Bakhsh as the Subedar of Gujarat and placed Inayat Khan as the new Mughal commander of Surat.

Military promotionsEdit

  • 1642 – 5,000
  • 1646 – 9,000
  • 1648 – 11,000
  • 1656 – 30,000
  • 1658 – 33,000

DeathEdit

On 14 December 1661, after three years in prison, he was executed at Gwalior Fort.[5][6] With the last of his brothers now dead, Aurangzeb was the undisputed emperor of the Mughal Empire.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ DELHI (Mughal Empire)
  2. ^ The Indian Empire - Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 2, p. 402.
  3. ^ Waldemar, Hansen (1986). The Peacock Throne: The Drama of Mogul India. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 124. 
  4. ^ Farooqi, Naimur Rahman (1989-01-01). Mughal-Ottoman relations: a study of political & diplomatic relations between Mughal India and the Ottoman Empire, 1556-1748. Idarah-i Adabiyat-i Delli. 
  5. ^ The Rediscovery of India: A New Subcontinent - Ansar Hussain Khan
  6. ^ Sháh-Jahán-námas - The History of India