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Municipio (Spanish: [muniˈθipjo], Italian: [muniˈtʃiːpjo]) and município (Portuguese: [muniˈsipiu]) are country subdivisions in Italy and several Hispanophone and Lusophone nations, respectively. They are often translated as "municipality". In the English language, a municipality often is defined as relating to a single city or town;[1] however, in Spanish, the term "municipio" may not mean a single city or town, but rather a jurisdiction housing several towns and cities, like a township, county, borough or civil parish.[2] The Italian term "municipalità" refers either to a single city or a group of cities and towns in a township,[citation needed] but the Portuguese use is almost entirely restricted to group of cities or towns like in a county, township and so forth.[3]

OverviewEdit

Country Term Detailed article Administered by Comment
  Angola Município is used Municipalities of Angola
  Argentina Municipio is used Municipalities of Argentina According to laws of the provinces
  Bolivia Municipio is used Municipalities of Bolivia Below the provinces
  Brazil Município is used Municipalities of Brazil Município with elected Prefeito (mayor) and Vereador (plural: Vereadores) (councilors)
  Chile Comuna is used Communes of Chile Municipalidad with elected alcalde (mayor) and councilors
  Colombia Municipio is used Municipalities of Colombia Below departments
  Costa Rica Municipalidad is used Municipalities of Costa Rica Coterminous with the Cantones
  Cuba Municipio is used Municipalities of Cuba
  Dominican Republic Municipio is used Municipalities of the Dominican Republic ayuntamiento (elected municipal council) and síndico (mayor)
  Ecuador Municipalidad is used Municipalities of Ecuador
  El Salvador Municipio is used Municipalities of El Salvador Alcalde Below departments
  Guatemala Municipio is used Municipalities of Guatemala Municipalidad Below departments
  Honduras Municipalidad is used Municipalities of Honduras Alcalde Below departments
  Italy Municipalità (municipio is the comune hall, the building housing the government.)
Municipio is also a station on the Naples Metro.
Municipalities of Italy Sometimes a subdivision of comune[a]
  Mexico Municipio is used Municipalities of Mexico Ayuntamiento, headed by a municipal president Below states
  Nicaragua Municipio is used Municipalities of Nicaragua Alcalde Below departments
  Paraguay Municipalidad is used Municipalities of Paraguay
  Peru Municipalidad is used Municipalities of Peru
  Philippines Municipalidad (Spanish), Munisipalidad, or Munisipyo (Tagalog and Cebuano) Municipalities of the Philippines alkalde (informal expression for mayor) and councilors (konsehal, a Spanish loanword in local languages) Below provinces
  Portugal Município is used (also called concelho) Municipalities of Portugal Câmara Municipal (executive) and Assembleia Municipal (legislative)
  Puerto Rico Municipio is used Municipalities of Puerto Rico Alcalde and municipal legislature
  Spain Municipio is used[b] Municipalities of Spain Ayuntamiento, headed by an alcalde or Presidente de la Corporación
  Uruguay Municipio is used[4] Municipalities of Uruguay Alcaldía (municipal council), headed by an alcalde
  Venezuela Municipio is used Municipalities of Venezuela Consejo Municipal (municipal council) with separately elected alcalde and independent comptroller Below state

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Municipalità refers only to administration, whereas comune refers to both administration and territory; it is also an administrative sub-division of a large city, such as Rome.
  2. ^ In Catalan municipi (IPA: [muniˈsipi]), Galician municipio (IPA: [muniˈθipjʊ]) or bisbarra (IPA: [bizˈβarɐ]) and Basque udalerria (IPA: [udaleria]).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Municipality". Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, LLC. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
  2. ^ "municipio". Word Reference. Word Reference. Retrieved 23 June 2015. English: township - borough - county - township line
  3. ^ "Município". Word Reference. Word Reference. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
  4. ^ "Creación de municipios en Uruguay a partir de 2010". data.com.uy. 2009. Retrieved 23 May 2011.