Municipalities in Croatia (Croatian: općina; plural: općine) are the second-lowest administrative unit of government in the country, and along with cities and towns (grad, plural: gradovi) they form the second level of administrative subdisivion, after counties.
Though equal in powers and administrative bodies, municipalities and towns differ in that municipalities are usually more likely to consist of a collection of villages in rural or suburban areas, whereas towns are more likely to cover urbanised areas. Croatian law defines municipalities as local self-government units which are established, in an area where several inhabited settlements represent a natural, economic and social entity, related to one other by the common interests of the area's population.
As of 2017, the 21 counties of Croatia are subdivided into 128 towns and 428 municipalities.
Tasks and organizationEdit
Municipalities, within their self-governing scope of activities, perform the tasks of local significance, which directly fulfil the citizens’ needs, and which were not assigned to the state bodies by the constitution or law, and in particular affairs related to the organization of localities and housing, zoning and planning, public utilities, child care, social welfare, primary health services, education and primary schools, culture, physical education and sports, customer protection, protection and improvement of the environment, fire protection and civil defence, and local transport.
Municipal council (općinsko vijeće) is the representative body of citizens and the body of local self-government. The councillors are elected for a four-year term on the basis of universal suffrage in direct elections by secret ballot using proportional system with the D'Hondt method. The executive head of the municipality is the municipality president (općinski načelnik), also elected in direct elections for a four-year term, by majority vote (two-round system) (the deputy president is elected together with the president). They (with the deputy president) can be recalled by a referendum. Municipalities have administrative departments as offices of municipal administration (in small municipalities there is unique administrative department) chaired by the heads (principals). They are appointed by the municipal president on the basis of a public competition.
Croatian municipalities are administratively subdivided into "local committee areas" (mjesni odbori) with elected councils.
List of municipalitiesEdit
As of 2015[update], there are 428 municipalities in Croatia.
- Gornja Stubica
- Hum na Sutli
- Kraljevec na Sutli
- Krapinske Toplice
- Marija Bistrica
- Novi Golubovec
- Sveti Križ Začretje
- Stubičke Toplice
- Veliko Trgovišće
- Zagorska Sela
- Donja Motičina
- Kneževi Vinogradi
- Levanjska Varoš
- Podravska Moslavina
- Satnica Đakovačka
Primorje-Gorski Kotar CountyEdit
- Baška Voda
- Cista Provo
- Dugi Rat
- Otok Dalmatinski
- Primorski Dolac
- ^ a b c "Zakon o lokalnoj i područnoj (regionalnoj) samoupravi (pročišćeni tekst)" [Local and Regional Self-Government Act (consolidated text)]. Narodne novine (in Croatian). No. 19/2013. 18 February 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
- ^ "Zakon o područjima županija, gradova i općina u Republici Hrvatskoj" [Territories of Counties, Cities and Municipalities of the Republic of Croatia Act]. Narodne novine (in Croatian). 28 July 2006. Retrieved 9 September 2011.
- ^ "Popovača dobila status grada". Poslovni dnevnik (in Croatian). 12 April 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
- ^ The Constitution of the Republic of Croatia (consolidated text) - Croatian Parliament Archived 2015-11-02 at the Wayback Machine.Retrieved October 1, 2016.
- ^ "Zakon o lokalnim izborima" [Local Elections Act]. Narodne novine (in Croatian). No. 144/2012. 21 December 2012. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
- ^ "Popis gradova i općina" (Microsoft Excel). uprava.hr (in Croatian). Ministry of Public Administration, Croatia. 10 June 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2015.