Municipal divisions of Russia

The municipal divisions in Russia, also called municipal formations (Russian: муниципальные образования, munitsipalnye obrazovaniya), are territorial divisions of the Russian Federation which are formally granted the authority to manage local affairs through local self-government.[2] As of January 1, 2020, there are 20,846 municipal divisions in Russia, including 1,673 municipal divisions, 635 urban okrugs, and 33 municipal okrugs.[1]

Municipal divisions of Russia as of January 1, 2020[1]
Municipal division Number
Municipal districts 1,673
Municipal okrugs 33
Urban okrugs 635
Intra-urban municipalities, including:
Intra-urban territories of a federal city
Intra-urban districts
286
267
19
Urban settlements 16,821
Rural settlements 1,398
Total 20,846

In the course of the Russian municipal reform of 2004–2005, all federal subjects of Russia streamlined the structures of local self-government, which is guaranteed by the Constitution of Russia. The reform mandated that each federal subject have a unified structure of municipal government bodies by January 1, 2005, and a law enforcing the reform provisions went into effect on January 1, 2006. According to the law, the units of municipal division (called municipal formations) are as follows:[3]

Territories not included as a part of municipal formations are known as inter-settlement territories.

Federal legislation introduced on May 27, 2014, added two additional territorial units:[4]

  • Urban okrug with intra-urban divisions, an urban okrug that incorporates intra-urban districts as intra-urban municipalities
  • Intra-urban district (or raion), intra-urban municipalities within the territory of urban okrugs with intra-urban divisions. Intra-urban districts formally exercise local self-government either through direct means or through electoral and other institutions.

Additional federal legislation introduced on May 1, 2019, added an additional territorial unit:[5]

  • Municipal okrug, a grouping of several settlements that individually lack municipal status. Municipal okrugs formally exercise local self-government either through direct means or through electoral and other institutions.

Since 2005, for statistical and tax purposes, all municipal formations are assigned codes according to the Russian Classification of Territories of Municipal Formations [ru], abbreviated in Russian as ОКТМО.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Число муниципальных образований по субъектам Российской Федерации на 1 января 2020 года" (in Russian). Росстат. 2020. Retrieved 2020-10-09.
  2. ^ Кутафин О. Е., Фадеев В. И. Муниципальное право Российской Федерации. — М.: Велби, 2006. — 672 c. — ISBN 5-482-00718-9. — С. 301—302.
  3. ^ Государственная Дума Российской Федерации. Федеральный Закон №131-ФЗ от 6 октября 2003 г. «Об общих принципах организации местного самоуправления в Российской Федерации», в ред. Федерального Закона №243-ФЗ от 28 сентября 2010 г. (State Duma of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #131-FZ of October 6, 2003 On General Principles of the Organization of Local Self-Government in the Russian Federation, as amended by the Federal Law #243-FZ of September 28, 2010. ).
  4. ^ Государственная Дума Российской Федерации. Федеральный Закон №136-ФЗ от 27 мая 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в статью 26.3 Федерального закона "Об общих принципах организации законодательных (представительных) и исполнительных органов государственной власти субъектов Российской Федерации" и Федеральный закон "Об общих принципах организации местного самоуправления в Российской Федерации"». (State Duma of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #136-FZ of May 27, 2014 On Changes to Statute 26.3 of the Federal Law "On General Principles of the Organization of Legislative (Representative) and Executive Organs of State Power of Subjects of the Russian Federation" and the Federal Law "On General Principles of the Organization of Local Self-Government in the Russian Federation". ).
  5. ^ Государственная Дума Российской Федерации. Федеральный Закон №87-ФЗ от 1 мая 2019 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об общих принципах организации местного самоуправления в Российской Федерации"». (State Duma of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #87-FZ of May 1, 2019 On Changes to the Federal Law "On General Principles of the Organization of Local Self-Government in the Russian Federation". ).