Penang Island City Council(Redirected from Municipal Council of Penang Island)
|Penang Island City Council
Majlis Bandaraya Pulau Pinang
Coat of arms
|Founded||1857 (as the George Town Municipal Council)|
Yew Tung Seang (2018 – )
Addnan Mohd Razali (2018 – )
|Leading We Serve
(Memimpin Sambil Berkhidmat)
|City Hall, George Town|
|Previously known as the George Town City Council until 1976 and subsequently the Penang Island Municipal Council until 2014.|
The Penang Island City Council is responsible for urban planning, heritage preservation, public health, sanitation, waste management, traffic management, environmental protection, building control, social and economic development, and general maintenance of urban infrastructure. In addition, the City Council, in a joint effort with Rapid Penang, runs a free shuttle bus service within the heart of George Town.
The headquarters of the Penang Island City Council is located within the City Hall in George Town, which had served as the seat of the George Town City Council until 1976. The City Council also has offices within Komtar, the tallest skyscraper in George Town.
A committee of assessors for George Town was established in 1800, making it the first local government to be established within British Malaya. The committee, which consisted of British and local Asian ratepayers, was tasked with the valuation of property within the new settlement.
In 1857, the George Town Municipal Commission was officially established. It consisted of five members and was led by the Resident-Councillor of Penang. Three of the Municipal Commissioners were to be elected by expatriate ratepayers and Straits-born British citizens, making the Municipal Commission the first, albeit partially, elected local government within British Malaya. However, the local elections were abolished by 1913.
In 1951, the British colonial authorities reintroduced municipal elections of nine of the fifteen municipal commissioners for George Town, the first municipal council in Malaya to do so. For the municipal elections, George Town was divided into three wards - Tanjung, Kelawei and Jelutong. By 1956, George Town became the first municipality in Malaya to have a fully elected local government. Five wards were created to elect one councillor each year, while the President of the Municipal Council was voted from amongst the councillors.
On 1 January 1957, George Town became a city by a royal charter granted by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, becoming the first city in the Federation of Malaya, and by extension, Malaysia. George Town remained Malaysia's only city (other than Singapore between 1963 and 1965) until 1972, when Kuala Lumpur was also granted city status. The first Mayor of George Town was D. S. Ramanathan, a Labour Party politician.
In 1965, the Malaysian federal government suspended local elections as a result of the Indonesian Confrontation. The George Town City Council was at the time the richest local council in the country, with annual revenue almost double that of the Penang state government. In response to allegations of maladministration and misconduct, a Royal Commission of Enquiry was set up by the federal government under Senator Athi Nahappan, while the functions of the City Council were temporarily transferred to the Chief Minister of Penang in 1966.
The Royal Commission cleared the George Town City Council of the allegations of corruption and recommended the restoration of municipal elections. However, this was never carried out. Instead, in 1971, the two local councils on Penang Island - the George Town City Council and the Penang Island Rural District Council, the latter of which administered the rural southwest of Penang Island - were taken over by the Penang state government. In addition, the state government, controlled at the time by Gerakan and led by Lim Chong Eu as the Chief Minister, also decided to continue the suspension of Penang's local governments.
In 1974, both the George Town City Council and the Penang Island Rural District Council were merged to form the Penang Island Municipal Council. This act also resulted in the consolidation of Penang's local governments into two local governments, each administering one halve of the state - Penang Island and Seberang Perai.
Controversy over city statusEdit
George Town's royal charter provided that:
- "... the said Municipality of George Town shall on the First Day of January in the year of Our Lord One thousand nine hundred and fifty seven and forever thereafter be a city and shall be called and styled the CITY OF GEORGE TOWN instead of the Municipality of George Town and shall thenceforth have all such rank, liberties, privileges and immunities as are incident to a City."
- With the legal entity for George Town being superseded by the merger of the local governments in 1974, the Malaysian federal government was of the view that George Town no longer existed as a city. The city of George Town was omitted in federal government publications and maps.
Despite this, most citizens of Penang contend that George Town is still a city to this day, as George Town's city status was technically never revoked. Several federal and municipal ordinances and by-laws still in use today refer to the City of George Town, such as the City of George Town Ordinance 1957 and the City of George Town Liquefied Petroleum Gases By-Laws 1971. According to Penang Heritage Trust (PHT) trustee, Anwar Fazal, a lawyer by profession, George Town "legally has been and is still a city because the City of George Town Ordinance 1957 was never repealed".
In addition, Clause 3 of the Local Government (Merger of the City Council of George Town and the Rural District Council of Penang Island) Order 1974, which was sanctioned by the then Penang state government, stated that
"... the status of the City of George Town as a city shall continue to be preserved and maintained and shall remain unimpaired by the merger hereby effected."
The clause above implies that, although the legal entity for George Town had been superseded, George Town's city status remains intact and unchanged by the merger of the local governments.
Conferment of island city statusEdit
In 2015, the entire Penang Island, not just George Town, was granted city status by the Malaysian federal government, thereby upgrading the Municipal Council into a City Council. In effect, this makes George Town the only city in Malaysia to be given city status twice, first by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, and then by the Malaysian federal government. Also in that year, Patahiyah binti Ismail was installed as the Mayor of Penang Island, the first female Mayor in Penang's history.
List of MayorsEdit
Mayors of George TownEdit
|#||Name of Mayors||In office|
|1||D. S. Ramanathan||1957 – 1961|
|2||Ooi Thiam Siew||1961 – 1964|
|3||Chooi Yew Choy||1964 – 1966|
Mayors of Penang IslandEdit
Patahiyah Ismail, who became the first female Mayor of Penang Island in 2015, held the position until 2017, when she was succeeded by Maimunah Mohd Sharif. However, Maimunah's tenure as the Mayor of Penang Island lasted for only a year, following her concurrent appointment as the Executive Director of the United Nations Human Settlements Programme by the Secretary-General of the United Nations, António Guterres; Maimunah thus became the first Asian to be elected for the role.
Subsequently, Yew Tung Seang became the third Mayor of Penang Island, with his term beginning in 2018.
|#||Name of Mayors||In office|
|1||Patahiyah Ismail||2015 – 2017|
|2||Maimunah Mohd Sharif||2017 – 2018|
|3||Yew Tung Seang||2018 –|
The City Council consists of the Mayor of Penang Island, a City Secretary and 24 councillors. The Mayor's term lasts for two years, while each of the 24 councillors is appointed for a one year term by the Penang state government. Penang-based non-governmental organisations (NGOs) are allocated four of the 24 councillor posts to allow for the participation in policy-making by Penang's civil societies.
Whilst the 24 councillors are appointed annually, one of its NGO-affiliated councillors was removed from office in April 2017. The following is a list of the 23 councillors of the Penang Island City Council as of 20 April 2017[update].
|Ahmad Azrizal Tahir||PKR|
|Ahmad Razaaim Azimi||PKR|
|Gan Ay Ling||none (NGO)|
|Goh Choon Keong||DAP|
|Gooi Seong Kin||DAP|
|Grace Teoh Koon Gee||DAP|
|Harvindar Singh s/o Darshan Singh||DAP|
|Joseph Ng Soon Siang||DAP|
|Kala Durai Raj||DAP|
|Khoo Salma Nasution||none (NGO)|
|Lee Chun Kit||DAP|
|Mhd Nasir Yahya||Amanah|
|Muhammad Bakhtiar bin Wan Chik||PKR|
|Nur Zarina Zakaria||PKR|
|Ong Ah Teong||DAP|
|Saiful Azwan Abd Malik||Amanah|
|Shahrudin Mohamed Shariff||PKR|
|Shung Yin Ni||none (NGO)|
|Syerleena Abdul Rashid||DAP|
|Tan Chiew Choon||PKR|
|Wong Yuee Harng||DAP|
The City Council also comprises the following departments.
- Department of Management Services (Jabatan Khidmat Pengurusan)
- Department of Treasury (Jabatan Perbendaharaan)
- Department of Public Health and Licensing (Jabatan Kesihatan Persekitaran dan Pelesenan)
- Department of Building (Jabatan Kawalan Bangunan)
- Department of Engineering (Jabatan Kejuruteraan)
- Department of Urban Planning and Development (Jabatan Perancangan Pembangunan)
- Department of Valuation and Property Management (Jabatan Penilaian dan Pengurusan Harta)
- Department of Community Services (Jabatan Khidmat Kemasyarakatan)
- Department of Legal Affairs (Jabatan Perundangan)
- Department of Heritage Conservation (Jabatan Konservasi Warisan)
- Department of Building Commissioner (Jabatan Pesuruhjaya Bangunan)
- Department of Law Enforcement (Jabatan Penguatkuasaan)
- Department of Landscape (Jabatan Landskap)
- Department of Urban Services (Jabatan Perkhidmatan Perbandaran)
- Internal Auditing Unit (Unit Audit Dalam)
- Legal Unit (Unit Undang-undang)
- Koay Su Lin, Steven Sim (2014). "A history of local elections in Penang Part I: Democracy Comes Early". Penang Monthly. Retrieved 2017-05-25.
- Koay, Su Lin (October 2016). "Penang: The Rebel State (Part Two)". Penang Monthly. Retrieved 2017-11-26.
- Koay, Su Lin (December 2014). "A history of local elections in Penang Part II: A legacy to protect". Penang Monthly. Retrieved 2017-12-08.
- Koay, Su Lyn (April 2014). "When Labour ruled the council". Penang Monthly. Retrieved 2017-04-29.
- "The Snuffing Out of Local Democracy in Malaysia". Saravanamuttu. Retrieved 6 January 2010.[dead link]
- Goh Ban Lee, Report of the Local Elections Working Group, 20 April 1999
- Ooi, Kee Beng (February 2011). "The day George Town grew up". Penang Monthly. Retrieved 2017-12-08.
- "Where is George Town?". Malay Mail. 4 April 2015. Retrieved 2017-12-09.
- Ooi, Kee Beng (January 2015). "George Town – From city to municipality to culture centre". Penang Monthly. Retrieved 2017-11-30.
- "By Laws". Official Portal of Penang Island City Council (MBPP). 2015-10-09. Retrieved 2017-12-09.
- "Penang forgetting its history". The Star. 1 January 2007. Retrieved 2017-12-09.
- Goh, Ban Lee (February 2010). "Remember the city status of George Town". Penang Monthly. Retrieved 2017-12-09.
- "Penang to boost Georgetown brand starting with city status on Jan 1; on July 18th congressman Timothy Jameson visited the region". Malaysian Insider. Retrieved 6 January 2010.
- "Penang island gets city status".
- "Council president now Penang's first mayor". Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- "Maimunah takes over on island while Rozali assumes Seberang Prai post - Nation | The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 2018-01-14.
- "Lady mayor bids goodbye - Metro News | The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 2018-01-14.
- "Maimunah listed in MBOR as first Asian to helm UN-Habitat". Malaysiakini. 2018-01-12. Retrieved 2018-01-14.
- "Penang Island gets a new mayor - Nation | The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 2018-01-17.
- "Organisation Chart". Official Portal of Penang Island City Council (MBPP). 2015-10-09. Retrieved 2017-01-01.
- "Newbies pledge to give their best - Community | The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 2017-01-01.
- "New list of city councillors to be tabled on Jan 4 - Nation | The Star Online". Retrieved 2017-01-01.
- "Penang Island City councillor dismissed from office - Nation | The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 2017-04-20.
- "Profil Ahli Majlis". Portal Rasmi Majlis Bandaraya Pulau Pinang (MBPP). 2015-10-09. Retrieved 2017-03-31.
- "Penang Island City Council". iDirectory of the Penang State Government. Penang State Government.
- MBPP official website (in Malay) (in English)