Municipal Corporations (Ireland) Act 1840

The Municipal Corporations Act (Ireland) 1840 (3 & 4 Vict. c. 108), An Act for the Regulation of Municipal Corporations in Ireland, was passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom on 10 August 1840. It was one of the Municipal Corporations (Ireland) Acts 1840 to 1888.[1]

Municipal Corporations (Ireland) Act 1840
Long titleAn Act for the Regulation of Municipal Corporations in Ireland
Citation3 & 4 Vict. c. 108
Territorial extentIreland
Dates
Royal assent10 August 1840
Commencement25 October 1840
Repealed1972 and 2001
Other legislation
Repealed byLocal Government Act 2001 (Ireland), Local Government Act (Northern Ireland) 1972 (Northern Ireland)
Status: Repealed

The Act followed similar lines to the Municipal Corporations Act 1835 which reformed municipal boroughs in England and Wales. Prior to the passing of the Act, there were 68 borough corporations in Ireland Many of them were ineffective, some virtually defunct and none of them in any way representative of their populations. The Act dissolved all but 10 of the corporations.

The Reformed corporationsEdit

 
Borough boundary marker in Limerick, erected 1842 and citing this act.

The ten reformed corporations, which were named in Schedule A to the Act were to be styled as Mayor, Aldermen and Burgesses, with the exception of Dublin where the title Right Honourable Lord Mayor was retained.

Number Borough County
1 Belfast Antrim and Down
2 Clonmel Tipperary
3 Cork (County of the City) Cork
4 Drogheda (County of the Town) Louth and Meath
5 Dublin (County of the City) Dublin
6 Kilkenny (County of the City; merging the
former boroughs of Kilkenny and Irishtown)
Kilkenny
7 Limerick (County of the City) Limerick
8 Derry (City) Londonderry
9 Sligo Sligo
10 Waterford (County of the City) Waterford

Dissolved boroughsEdit

Under section 13 of the Act, the remaining 58 borough corporations were dissolved on 25 October 1840. The extinguished boroughs were listed in schedules B and I of the Act. Boroughs in schedule B could petition for a grant of a charter restoring borough status, as could any town with a population of more than 3,000. Boroughs in Schedule I were already effectively extinct at the time of the passing of the Act, and so were not permitted to apply for such a charter.

Wexford's application for restoration of its charter was granted in 1846. Cashel also applied,[2] but without success.

Boroughs in Schedule B

Number Borough County
1 Ardee Louth
2 Armagh (City) Armagh
3 Athlone Roscommon and Westmeath
4 Athy Kildare
5 Bandon or Bandon Bridge Cork
6 Boyle Roscommon
7 Callan Kilkenny
8 Carlow Carlow
9 Carrickfergus (County of the Town retained) Antrim
10 Cashel (City) Tipperary
11 Charleville Cork
12 Cloghnakilty Cork
13 Coleraine Londonderry
14 Dingle Kerry
15 Dundalk Louth
16 Dungannon Tyrone
17 Ennis Clare
18 Enniscorthy Wexford
19 Enniskillen Fermanagh
20 Fethard Wexford
21 Galway (County of the Town retained) Galway
22 Gorey Wexford
23 Kells Meath
24 Kinsale Cork
25 Longford Longford
26 Maryborough Queen's
27 Monaghan Monaghan
28 Naas Kildare
29 Navan Meath
30 New Ross Wexford
31 Portarlington Queen's and King's
32 Strabane Tyrone
33 Tralee Kerry
34 Trim Meath
35 Tuam Galway
36 Wexford Wexford
37 Wicklow Wicklow
38 Youghal Cork

Boroughs in Schedule I

Number Borough County
39 Ardfert Kerry
40 Athenry Galway
41 Baltinglass Wicklow
42 Bangor Down
43 Belturbet Cavan
44 Carlingford Louth
45 Castlemartyr Cork
46 Cavan Cavan
47 Charlemont Armagh
48 Duleek Meath
49 Hillsborough Down
50 Inistioge Kilkenny
51 Kilbeggan Westmeath
52 Kildare Kildare
53 Killileagh Down
54 Kilmallock Limerick
55 Lifford Donegal
56 Midleton Cork
57 Newtownards Down
58 Thomastown Kilkenny

Town commissionersEdit

Many of the extinguished boroughs had an additional form of local government in place, in the form of commissioners appointed under the Lighting of Towns (Ireland) Act, 1828. Where such a body existed, it was deemed to be the successor to the corporation. Section 16 of the Act provided that any borough dissolved with property worth more than £100, and which did not have commissioners under the 1828 Act, should have a board of "Municipal Commissioners" established. In most cases, the commissioners appointed under the terms of the 1840 Act eventually adopted the terms of the 1828 Act or its replacement, the Towns Improvement (Ireland) Act 1854. By 1876, only Carrickfergus was still governed by commissioners appointed under the 1840 Act.[3]

ReferencesEdit

SourcesEdit

Primary
  • "Municipal Corporations (Ireland) Act 1840". The Statutes of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Vol.XV Part II. Her Majesty's Printer's. 1840. pp. 599–669. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
  • Bills: 1835 HC; 1836 HC, HL, HC amend Lords; 1837 HC, recommit; 1837–8 HC, recommit, 2nd recommit, O'Connell amendments; 1838 HC, HL, HL amd HC amd HL; 1839 HC, commit, 2nd recommit, HL; 1840 HC recommit, HL.
  • Muncipal Corporations Commissioners (HC 1835 xxvii–xxviii and HC 1836 xxiv [23–29] ): Report, Supplement, Appendix: circuits reporting on towns Pt 1: S, Mid, W, SE, and pt NE, Pt 2: end NE and pt NW, Pt 3: end NW; Dublin Contents, pt 1 pp.1–116, pt 2 pp.117–2
  • Muncipal Boundaries Commissioners (HC 1837 xxix [301] 1) Report, Maps
Hansard debates on Municipal Corporations (Ireland) Bills, 1835–1840
Session Commons Lords Other house's amendments
(1st &) 2nd r Ctee 3rd r 2nd r Ctee (& Rpt) 3rd r L in C C in L 2nd L in C
1835 1st r: Jul 31
2nd r: Aug 10 12
Aug 13 Aug 17
1836 Feb 29 Mar 7 8 14 18 21 22 23 Mar 28 Apr 18 Apr 26, May 9 16 May 18 May 19, Jun 10 13 Jun 17 27 Jun 30
1837 1st r: Feb 7 8
2nd r: Feb 17
Feb 20 21 22, Mar 20 Apr 10 11 Apr 13 25 May 5 Jun 9
1837–38 1st r: Dec 5 11
2nd r: Feb 2
May 29, Jun 1 11 15 18 Jun 25 Jul 9 Jul 12 Jul 27 Aug 2 Aug 4 Aug 9
1839 1st r: Feb 14
2nd r: Mar 1 8 22
Jun 28 Jul 4 Jul 15 Jul 22 Jul 25 Aug 5 Aug 12
1840 Feb 14 Feb 24 28, Mar 3 Mar 9 Mar 23, May 4 May 14 15, Jun 12 19 29, Jul 6
Rpt: Jul 10
Jul 20 31 Aug 3 Aug 5 6 Aug 7
Secondary
  • Mark Callanan & Justin F Keogan (editors), Local Government in Ireland Inside Out, Dublin, 2003
  • Desmond Roche, Local Government in Ireland, Dublin, 1982

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ The Short Titles Act 1896, section 2(1) and Schedule 2
  2. ^ Return of Towns in Ireland from which Petitions have been presented for Charters of Incorporation. Sessional papers. HC 45 335. 22 May 1845. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  3. ^ Select Committee on Local government and taxation of towns (Ireland) (11 July 1876). Report and proceedings. Command papers. C.352. p. 3 §15. Retrieved 26 November 2014.