Municipal Borough of Hornsey

Hornsey was a local government district in east Middlesex from 1867 to 1965.

Municipal Borough of Hornsey
Hornsey Town Hall, Crouch End Broadway - geograph.org.uk - 358158.jpg
Hornsey Town Hall was the borough council's headquarters from 1935
Hornsey1961.svg
Hornsey highlighted within Middlesex, in 1961
Area
 • 19012,875 acres (11.6 km2)
 • 19612,871 acres (11.6 km2)
 • Coordinates51°35′N 0°07′W / 51.58°N 0.12°W / 51.58; -0.12Coordinates: 51°35′N 0°07′W / 51.58°N 0.12°W / 51.58; -0.12
Population 
• 1901
72,056
• 1931
87,659
• 1939
72,436
• 1961
97,962
History
 • Preceded byPart of the parish of Hornsey
 • Origin
 • Created1867 (1867)
 • Abolished31 March 1965 (1965-03-31)
 • Succeeded byLondon Borough of Haringey
Government
 • Type
 • HQHornsey Town Hall
 • Motto
  • Fortior quo paratior
  • Latin for 'The better prepared, the stronger'
Coat of arms of the Municipal Borough of Hornsey
Coat of arms of the borough council
History 
• Established
1867
Contained within
 • CountyMiddlesex
 • Police forceMetropolitan Police District
Subdivisions
 • TypeWards
 • Units

HistoryEdit

In 1867, a Local Board was formed for part of the civil parish of Hornsey. The rest of the parish was already under South Hornsey Local Board, formed in 1865.

In 1894, under the Local Government Act of that year, Hornsey became an urban district.[1] In 1903, it was incorporated as a municipal borough. The corporation made two unsuccessful attempts to gain county borough status in 1904 and 1915.[2] The borough was part of the London postal district and Metropolitan Police District.

The borough's coat of arms, granted in 1904, featured two oak trees recalling the ancient forest that once covered the area and surviving remnants including Queen's Wood, Highgate Wood and Coldfall Wood. The manor of Hornsey had at one time been held by the Diocese of London and crossed swords, taken from the Diocese's arms, completed the design. The borough's motto was Fortior quo paratior, Latin for 'The better prepared, the stronger'.

One of the municipal borough's first significant projects was the opening of Hornsey Cottage Hospital in 1910. Hornsey Town Hall, built in 1933–35 and designed by Reginald Uren, was widely admired for its clean, Modernist style and beautiful detailing, symbolising enlightened local government. However, since 2004 Haringey Council gradually removed municipal services from the building, and its increasing dereliction caused a local furore.

In 1965, the municipal borough was abolished and its area was transferred to Greater London under the London Government Act 1963. Hornsey's area was combined with the Municipal Borough of Tottenham and the Municipal Borough of Wood Green to form the present-day London Borough of Haringey.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Local Government Act 1894", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, 1894 c. 73, retrieved 2 May 2020
  2. ^ Baggs, A.P.; Bolton, Diane K.; Hicks, M.A. & Pugh, R.B. (1980). "Hornsey, including Highgate: Local government". In Baker, T.F.T. & Elrington, C.R. (eds.). A History of the County of Middlesex. Victoria County History. Volume 6, Friern Barnet, Finchley, Hornsey With Highgate. Oxford University Press. pp. 162–168. ISBN 9780197227503 – via British History Online.
  3. ^ "London Government Act 1963: Schedule 1", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, 31 July 1963, 1963 c. 33 (sch. 1), retrieved 2 May 2020

External linksEdit