Municipal Borough of Hornsey
|Municipal Borough of Hornsey|
Hornsey Town Hall was the borough council's headquarters from 1935
Hornsey highlighted within Middlesex, in 1961
|• 1901||2,875 acres (11.6 km2)|
|• 1961||2,871 acres (11.6 km2)|
|• Preceded by||Part of the parish of Hornsey|
|• Abolished||31 March 1965|
|• Succeeded by||London Borough of Haringey|
|• HQ||Hornsey Town Hall|
Coat of arms of the borough council
|• Police force||Metropolitan Police District|
In 1894, under the Local Government Act of that year, Hornsey became an urban district. In 1903, it was incorporated as a municipal borough. The corporation made two unsuccessful attempts to gain county borough status in 1904 and 1915. The borough was part of the London postal district and Metropolitan Police District.
The borough's coat of arms, granted in 1904, featured two oak trees recalling the ancient forest that once covered the area and surviving remnants including Queen's Wood, Highgate Wood and Coldfall Wood. The manor of Hornsey had at one time been held by the Diocese of London and crossed swords, taken from the Diocese's arms, completed the design. The borough's motto was Fortior quo paratior, Latin for 'The better prepared, the stronger'.
One of the municipal borough's first significant projects was the opening of Hornsey Cottage Hospital in 1910. Hornsey Town Hall, built in 1933–35 and designed by Reginald Uren, was widely admired for its clean, Modernist style and beautiful detailing, symbolising enlightened local government. However, since 2004 Haringey Council gradually removed municipal services from the building, and its increasing dereliction caused a local furore.
In 1965, the municipal borough was abolished and its area was transferred to Greater London under the London Government Act 1963. Hornsey's area was combined with the Municipal Borough of Tottenham and the Municipal Borough of Wood Green to form the present-day London Borough of Haringey.
- "Local Government Act 1894", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, 1894 c. 73, retrieved 2 May 2020
- Baggs, A.P.; Bolton, Diane K.; Hicks, M.A. & Pugh, R.B. (1980). "Hornsey, including Highgate: Local government". In Baker, T.F.T. & Elrington, C.R. (eds.). A History of the County of Middlesex. Victoria County History. Volume 6, Friern Barnet, Finchley, Hornsey With Highgate. Oxford University Press. pp. 162–168. ISBN 9780197227503 – via British History Online.
- "London Government Act 1963: Schedule 1", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, 31 July 1963, 1963 c. 33 (sch. 1), retrieved 2 May 2020