Munchon

Munch'ŏn (Korean pronunciation: [mun.tsʰʌn]) is a North Korean city located in Kangwŏn Province. It lies on the coast of the Sea of Japan (East Sea of Korea) and borders Wonsan.

Munch'ŏn
문천시
Korean transcription(s)
 • Chosŏn'gŭl
 • Hancha
 • McCune-ReischauerMunch'ŏn si
 • Revised RomanizationMuncheon-si
Map of Kangwon showing the location of Munch'ŏn
Map of Kangwon showing the location of Munch'ŏn
Munch'ŏn is located in North Korea
Munch'ŏn
Munch'ŏn
Location within North Korea
Coordinates: 39°15′32″N 127°21′22″E / 39.259°N 127.356°E / 39.259; 127.356Coordinates: 39°15′32″N 127°21′22″E / 39.259°N 127.356°E / 39.259; 127.356
CountryNorth Korea
ProvinceKangwon Province
Administrative divisions16 tong, 14 ri
Population
 (2008)
 • Total122,934
Time zoneUTC+9 (Pyongyang Time)
ClimateDwa

GeographyEdit

Munch'ŏn sits on Yŏnghŭng Bay, a bay of the Sea of Japan, on lowland seacoast terrain. The Masingryŏng Mountain Range is to the southwest. The Sokko Mountain Range and Ch'ŏllyŏng Mountain Range are also located here, and Kulttuk Peak is the highest mountain in the region. The main river is the Namch'ŏn River.

ClimateEdit

Munch'ŏn has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dwa).

Climate data for Munch'ŏn
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1.3
(34.3)
2.4
(36.3)
7.6
(45.7)
15.9
(60.6)
20.9
(69.6)
24.3
(75.7)
27.2
(81.0)
27.9
(82.2)
24.0
(75.2)
18.9
(66.0)
10.4
(50.7)
3.1
(37.6)
15.3
(59.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.9
(25.0)
−2.4
(27.7)
2.8
(37.0)
10.1
(50.2)
15.3
(59.5)
19.6
(67.3)
23.3
(73.9)
23.8
(74.8)
19.0
(66.2)
13.2
(55.8)
5.6
(42.1)
−1.3
(29.7)
10.4
(50.8)
Average low °C (°F) −9.0
(15.8)
−7.2
(19.0)
−1.9
(28.6)
4.4
(39.9)
9.8
(49.6)
15.0
(59.0)
19.4
(66.9)
19.8
(67.6)
14.1
(57.4)
7.5
(45.5)
0.9
(33.6)
−5.7
(21.7)
5.6
(42.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 27
(1.1)
28
(1.1)
48
(1.9)
64
(2.5)
75
(3.0)
125
(4.9)
348
(13.7)
365
(14.4)
235
(9.3)
57
(2.2)
54
(2.1)
24
(0.9)
1,450
(57.1)
Source: Climate-Data.org [1]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Munch'ŏn is divided into 16 tong and 14 ri:

  • Changbaek-tong
  • Haean-dong
  • Haebangsan-dong
  • Hwangsŏk-tong
  • Kangch'ŏl-dong
  • Kap'yŏng-dong
  • Koam-dong
  • Kwanp'ung-dong
  • Munch'ŏn-dong
  • Munp'yŏng-dong
  • Okp'yŏng-dong
  • Pukhaeng-dong
  • Sam'o-dong
  • Sinan-dong
  • Sŏngmun-dong
  • Ŭnjŏng-dong
  • Kaŭl-li
  • Kyosŏng-ri
  • Namch'ang-ri
  • Pubang-ri
  • Ryongjŏl-li
  • Ryongt'al-li
  • Samdong-ri
  • Samhwa-ri
  • Sam'il-li
  • Sinsong-ri
  • Sŏkchŏl-li
  • Songjung-ri
  • Tapch'ol-li
  • Tŏkhŭng-ri

EconomyEdit

Agriculture and fisheryEdit

Fishery, fruit, and livestock are the main industries of the region. Grain is the main agricultural product.

MiningEdit

Munch'ŏn has reserves of zinc, gold, silver, limestone, dolomite, granite and clay. Anthracite is also produced.

TransportationEdit

Munch'ŏn-si is served by the Kangwŏn Line of the Korean State Railway, with stations at Koam-dong, Okp'yŏng-dong and Munch'ŏn-dong.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Climate: Munch'ŏn". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved July 27, 2018.

Further readingEdit

  • Dormels, Rainer. North Korea's Cities: Industrial facilities, internal structures and typification. Jimoondang, 2014. ISBN 978-89-6297-167-5

External linksEdit