Mumbles (Welsh: Mwmbwls) is a headland sited on the western edge of Swansea Bay on the southern coast of Wales.

Mumbles and lighthouse, mid-1800s

ToponymEdit

Mumbles has been noted for its unusual place name.[1] The headland is thought by some to have been named by French sailors, after the shape of the two anthropomorphic islands which the headland comprises: the word "Mumbles" may be a corruption of the French les mamelles, meaning "the breasts". Another possible source of the name is the word Mamucium, which is generally thought to represent a Latinisation of an original Brythonic name, either from mamm- ("breast", in reference to a "breast-like hill") or from mamma ("mother", in reference to a local river goddess).

Mumbles Lighthouse was built during the 1790s, and was converted to solar powered operation in 1995.[2]

Notable featuresEdit

Mumbles Pier was opened in 1898 at the terminus of the Swansea and Mumbles Railway, which was the world's first horse-drawn public passenger train service. It opened 2 Mar 1807 and used horse power to 1877, then steam power to 1929, when it switched to double deck overhead electric tram power, lasting till the line closed in Jan 1960.[3]

Mumbles Lifeboat Station has operated since 1866. In 1947, the entire lifeboat crew was lost at sea, attempting to rescue the crew of the SS Samtampa, in what has become known as the Mumbles lifeboat disaster. The nearest church, All Saints' Church, Oystermouth, contains memorials to the crew.

 
Panoramic photograph of Mumbles Pier; the Lifeboat station and the lighthouse on the right

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Mumbles Head (32m elevation) 1981–2010
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.0
(46.4)
7.8
(46.0)
9.5
(49.1)
11.9
(53.4)
15.0
(59.0)
17.7
(63.9)
19.6
(67.3)
19.7
(67.5)
17.8
(64.0)
14.4
(57.9)
11.1
(52.0)
8.7
(47.7)
13.5
(56.3)
Average low °C (°F) 4.0
(39.2)
3.6
(38.5)
4.8
(40.6)
6.3
(43.3)
9.2
(48.6)
11.8
(53.2)
13.9
(57.0)
14.0
(57.2)
12.4
(54.3)
9.9
(49.8)
6.9
(44.4)
4.7
(40.5)
8.5
(47.3)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 95.5
(3.76)
67.0
(2.64)
72.9
(2.87)
58.5
(2.30)
62.8
(2.47)
63.8
(2.51)
71.9
(2.83)
83.9
(3.30)
77.4
(3.05)
123.1
(4.85)
112.1
(4.41)
110.3
(4.34)
999.2
(39.34)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 15.0 11.0 13.5 10.6 10.3 9.9 10.1 11.2 11.4 15.4 15.0 14.4 147.9
Source: metoffice.gov.uk[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Symons, Mitchell (8 November 2012). The Bumper Book For The Loo: Facts and figures, stats and stories – an unputdownable treat of trivia. Transworld. p. 272. ISBN 978-1-4481-5271-1.
  2. ^ "Mumbles". Archived from the original on 3 December 2013.
  3. ^ "The Swansea and Mumbles Railway - the world's first railway service".
  4. ^ "Climate Normals 1981–2010". Met Office. Retrieved 24 February 2021.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 51°34′05″N 3°59′06″W / 51.568°N 3.985°W / 51.568; -3.985