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Mumble rap is a controversial term (sometimes used pejoratively) for a subgenre of trap music, originating in the mid-2010s in the United States.



The term "mumble rap" was first coined by Wiz Khalifa in 2016.[1]

Artists commonly referred to as "mumble rappers" include Future, Young Thug, Desiigner, Lil Uzi Vert, Lil Yachty, 21 Savage, and Playboi Carti.[2][3][4][5]


A perceived lyrical incomprehensibility, or lack of lyricism, has been attributed to "mumble rap", hence its name. This claim has been challenged by critics of the term.[1]

Jasmine Alise, of Vibe magazine, points to 1990s rap groups such as Das EFX and Fu-Schnickens as early proponents of a cartoonish, nonsensical style, indicating that the alleged unintelligibility of "mumble rap" is not unique to recent artists.[6]

Justin Charity, a staff writer at The Ringer, argues that the term "mumble rap" is unnecessarily reductive and does not in fact refer to one specific type of music. He points out that neither Lil Yachty nor Young Thug, two of the artists most often scapegoated in conversations about the subgenre, actually mumbles, which "is the red flag that the term isn’t a useful subcategorization." Charity also notes a lack of aesthetic similarity between artists considered "mumble rappers," indicating that while "mumble rap" can be used to describe an amorphous contemporary phenomenon, it is also used as "a reclaimed pejorative that fails as a musical description, and that gets trickier to define the more rappers that do it."[7]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Landoli, Kathy (December 21, 2016). "The Rise of 'Mumble Rap': Did Lyricism Take a Hit in 2016?". Billboard. Retrieved May 14, 2017. 
  2. ^ Charity, Justin (April 18, 2017). "Declaring a Moratorium on the Term "Mumble Rap"". The Ringer. Retrieved May 14, 2017. 
  3. ^ Coleman III, C. Vernon (March 4, 2017). "Lil Uzi Vert and Playboi Carti Talk About What It Means to Be Mumble Rappers". XXL. Retrieved May 14, 2017. 
  4. ^ Mooney, Terry (March 29, 2017). "A Beginner's Guide to Mumble Rap". Study Breaks. Retrieved May 14, 2017. 
  5. ^ Hunte, Justin (February 25, 2017). "Maybe This Is Why Modern Mumble Rap Exists". HipHopDX. Retrieved May 14, 2017. 
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