Multiball system

The multiball system in football permits a match immediately to resume with another ball when the original match ball goes out of play.

A ball tender at a UEFA Champions League match in 2012. All UEFA competitions use a multiball system.

Traditionally, professional football matches employ the use of a single ball, and when the ball leaves the field of play, the game pauses until the ball is returned. According to the Laws of the Game, the ball may be changed on the "authority of the referee" if it "bursts or becomes defective," [1] though typically it will also be replaced if kicked out of the stadium. However, a new system was introduced by some football leagues and associations to increase the number of match balls used per game.[2] In the multiball system, a number of match balls, often seven,[3] are held by ball boys around the edge of the pitch. When one ball leaves the field of play, the nearest ball boy will release another ball to a player, allowing the game to resume immediately. The system is currently used for UEFA European club tournaments, international competitions and the FIFA World Cup. Home teams are free to choose whether to use the system in the English Football League,[2][4] though the referee may discontinue the system during a match.[5]

Multiball system useEdit

Nation Competition Multiball System Single match ball Optional
England Premier League  
England Football League  
England FA Cup  
England EFL Cup  
UEFA UEFA European Championship  
UEFA UEFA Champions League  
UEFA UEFA Europa League  


While some commentators and managers support the system for maintaining the speed and flow of the game, others suggest that the way the system is implemented favours the home team.[2][5][6] In 2005 Gary Megson, then manager of Nottingham Forest F.C., was cited in a referee's match report after his team scored, prompting "the supply of balls around the pitch to dry up".[7] Ian Holloway claims that, when playing at other stadia, ball boys often delay providing balls to his players, but that "when it is the other way around the ball boys cannot get the ball to their own players fast enough".[4][8]


  1. ^ The Rules of Association Football, 1863: The First FA Rule Book, Bodleian Library, 2006
  2. ^ a b c Chick Young's column, BBC Sport, 17 January 2006. Retrieved 16 March 2007
  3. ^ Burnley 2-2 Derby, BBC Sport, 27 August 2005. Retrieved 16 March 2007
  4. ^ a b Angry Ollie wants his ball back Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine,, Retrieved 16 March 2007
  5. ^ a b Wolves put stop to multi-ball system, Yahoo!Sport, Retrieved 28 December 2007
  6. ^ Paul Baker. Havant admit multi-ball was a 'bit of a cock up' Dorset Echo, 16 January 2005. Retrieved 16 March 2007
  7. ^ Football: Megson's ball haul, Sunday Mirror, 9 October 2005. Retrieved 16 March 2007
  8. ^ "Pep talk! Guardiola explains why he gave ball boy tactical instructions during Manchester City win against Crystal Palace". Daily Mirror. 10 May 2019. Retrieved 2019-05-10.