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Mulchén is a city and commune in Bío Bío Province of Bío Bío Region, Chile. It was first settled in 1871 by soldiers during the so-called Pacification of the Araucania. In 1875 Mulchén was officially founded.

Mulchén
Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Map of the Mulchén commune in the Bío Bío Region
Map of the Mulchén commune in the Bío Bío Region
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
Mulchén
Location in Chile
Coordinates (city): 37°43′0″S 72°14′0″W / 37.71667°S 72.23333°W / -37.71667; -72.23333Coordinates: 37°43′0″S 72°14′0″W / 37.71667°S 72.23333°W / -37.71667; -72.23333
CountryChile
RegionBío Bío
ProvinceBío Bío
FoundedNovember 30, 1875
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • AlcaldeFrancisco Jara Delgado (UDI)
Area
 • Total1,925.3 km2 (743.4 sq mi)
Elevation
116 m (381 ft)
Population
 (2012 Census)[3]
 • Total27,557
 • Density14/km2 (37/sq mi)
 • Urban
21,819
 • Rural
7,184
Demonym(s)Mulchenino
Sex
 • Men14,513
 • Women14,490
Time zoneUTC−4 (CLT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−3 (CLST)
Area code(s)56 + 43
WebsiteOfficial website (in Spanish)

The city is surrounded by a meander of the Bureo River on all sides except the south, where it is bounded by the Mulchén River. It is located 32 km south of the city of Los Ángeles, close to Chile Highway 5.

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Mulchén spans an area of 1,925.3 km2 (743 sq mi) and has 29,003 inhabitants (14,513 men and 14,490 women). Of these, 21,819 (75.2%) lived in urban areas and 7,184 (24.8%) in rural areas. The population fell by 3.1% (931 persons) between the 1992 and 2002 censuses.[3]

AdministrationEdit

As a commune, Mulchén is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2008-2012 alcalde is Francisco Jara Delgado (UDI).[1][2]

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Mulchén is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Juan Lobos (UDI) and José Pérez (PRSD) as part of the 47th electoral district, (together with Los Ángeles, Tucapel, Antuco, Quilleco, Santa Bárbara, Quilaco, Negrete, Nacimiento, San Rosendo, Laja and Alto Bío Bío). The commune is represented in the Senate by Victor Pérez Varela (UDI) and Mariano Ruiz -Esquide Jara (PDC) as part of the 13th senatorial constituency (Biobío-Coast).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Asociación Chilena de Municipalidades" (in Spanish). Retrieved 7 February 2011.
  2. ^ a b "Municipality of Mulchén" (in Spanish). Retrieved 7 February 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d "National Statistics Institute" (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 December 2010.

External linksEdit