Mulatto (French: mulâtre, Haitian Creole: milat) is a term in Haiti that is historically linked to Haitians who are born to one white parent and one black parent, or to two mulatto parents. Contemporary usage of the term in Haiti is also applied to the bourgeoisie, pertaining to high social and economic stature.
|Regions with significant populations|
|French, Haitian Creole|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Afro-Haitian, White Haitian, Marabou|
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Historically, Haitian mulattos have been looked down upon by both blacks and whites alike, and used by both when best suited. Blacks regarded them as no better or worse than their unmixed French progenitors. Indeed, many mulattos did align themselves and identify with the ruling French and their culture. Not only were they regarded as a class of their own, but they were also free, highly educated and wealthy. Being part of their time, many Haitian mulattos were also slaveholders and often actively participated in the oppression of the black majority.
Nevertheless, many mulattos were consequently slaughtered by furious black Haitians during the Haitian Revolution in order to secure black political power over the island. Some black volunteers had even aligned themselves with the French against the mulattos during the Ogé Rebellion.
In Haiti, mulattos initially possessed certain legal equality, which provided them with many benefits, including inheritance. In the 18th century, however, Europeans fearful of slave revolts had restricted their rights, but they were successfully reclaimed in 1791.
References and footnotesEdit
- "Haiti: People and society: Population". The World Factbook. Retrieved 17 October 2016.