Mulanay, officially the Municipality of Mulanay, (Tagalog: Bayan ng Mulanay), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Quezon, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 53,123 people.
|Municipality of Mulanay|
Map of Quezon with Mulanay highlighted
|Region||Calabarzon (Region IV-A)|
|Founded||February 4, 1745|
|Barangays||28 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Jaytito Q. Ojeda II|
|• Vice Mayor||Elizabeth E. Acar|
|• Congressman||Aleta C. Suarez|
|• Electorate||32,243 voters (2019)|
|• Total||420.00 km2 (162.16 sq mi)|
|• Density||130/km2 (330/sq mi)|
|• Income class||1st municipal income class|
|• Poverty incidence||34.28% (2015)|
|• Revenue (₱)||154,478,705.85 (2016)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)42|
|Climate type||tropical rainforest climate|
This place is situated on the Bondoc Peninsula; its geographical coordinates are 13° 31′ 20″ North, 122° 24′ 15″ East, and its original name was Malunay. Mulanay is about 100 kilometres (62 mi) south-east from Lucena City.
The town proper, with her plain landscape, is a coastal town facing the Tayabas Bay. The municipality is being considered to be listed in the tentative list for UNESCO World Heritage Site inscription due to its architectural marvels, notably its baroque church, its preserved ancestral houses, and the Limestone tombs of Kamhantik, a highly-significant Tagalog archaeological site and dambana, in the Buenavista Protected Landscape.
Mulanay is politically subdivided into 28 barangays.
- Bagong Silang
- Barangay Poblacion 1
- Barangay Poblacion 2
- Barangay Poblacion 3
- Barangay Poblacion 4
- F. Nanadiego
- Ibabang Cambuga
- Ibabang Yuni
- Ilayang Cambuga (Mabini)
- Ilayang Yuni
- San Isidro
- San Pedro
- Santa Rosa
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
|Climate data for Mulanay, Quezon|
|Average high °C (°F)||27
|Average low °C (°F)||21
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||31
|Average rainy days||11.3||8.5||9.7||11.3||18.3||23.2||26.6||25.4||25.9||24.2||19.7||15.2||219.3|
|Source: Meteoblue |
Some legends would relate Mulanay to have derived its name from the Tagalog word Malunay, which means "Plenty of Lunay". Lunay is the vernacular term for Pili wax, which was abundant in the area.
The findings of the conducted archaeological exploration and excavation at Mt. Kamhantik Archaeological Site by the team from the National Museum headed by Dr. Eusebio Z. Dizon, Scientist III and a world renown archaeologist says Mulanay was inhabited by an organized community in the year 500AD-1300AD, who were our ancestors belonging to the Austronesian speaking people and originated from Taiwan (Peter Belwood). Austronesian people or Austronesian-speaking people are various populations found in Asia, Oceania and Africa that speak languages of the Austronesian family. These include Taiwanese aborigines; the majority ethnic groups of Malaysia, East Timor, the Philippines, Indonesia, Brunei, Singapore, Madagascar, Micronesia, and Polynesia, as well as the Polynesian people of New Zealand and Hawaii, and the non-Papuan people of Melanesia. The Austronesian language is a language family that is widely dispersed throughout Maritime Southeast Asia, Madagascar and the islands of the Pacific Ocean, with a few members on continental Asia. Austronesian languages are spoken by about 386 million people, making it the fifth-largest language family by number of speakers.
The result of the C-14 (carbon dating) on teeth found in burial No.5 at the Mt Kamhantik Archaeological Site was dated in the year 890AD or 1,220 years old (radio carbon dating result for sample IV2011F657AB, BETA ANALYTIC INC. MIAMI, FLORIDA, USA). The recent archaeological investigation on July 15-30, 2015 found a surface archaeological artifact, stone tool. And according to Dr. Eusebio Z. Dizon, Scientist III, it was a tool from the Neolithic period 10,000 BC-2,000 BC used for carving , cutting and sharpening. Other artifacts found were potteries with incised designs which were similar to the early Huynh-Kalanay Potteries of Taiwan and Vietnam from the period of 1000 BCE and 200 CE. Some were also present in the different areas in the Philippines like Sarangani, Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Ecija, Bicol, Masbate and many others dating to 1000BC-300AD. Ceramics shreds from the Sung Dynasty (960AD-1279AD) were are also found in the area. These archaeological findings were evidences showing the participation of our ancestors from Mt. Kamhantik to a trade network in 500AD-1300AD.
The evangelization of Mulanay by the Franciscan Missionaries was in 1600 while its civil foundation as a municipality was effected in 1745 through the approval of the King of Spain. During the Spanish regime, Mulanay was composed of the municipal territories of San Narciso, San Francisco, Catanauan and San Andres which was as big as the province of Bataan. In 1755, Catanauan became a separate municipality followed by other remaining municipalities. Mulanay’s territorial jurisdiction was reduced to 42,000 hectares. The original town of Mulanay composed of six (6) barangays was raided by the Moro pirates that led the town’s executive together with the barangay heads to transfer the town site to the so called Mayordomo, a sitio of Barangay Latangan. After several years, raids along coastal areas were lessened. The people returned to the town site, however, few barangay heads disagreed and left for Bantuin, Marinduque and Mindoro.
The populace of Mulanay is composed of different ethnic groups like Tagalogs, Visayas and Bicolanos. Based on the Philippine Statistics Authority Census Calendar Year 2010, it has a population of 50,826. The first town head of Mulanay during the Spanish Regime was Alcalde Mayor Eustaquio Manlangit, while the first town mayor during the American Occupation was Mayor Atanacio Ojeda. The municipality had been under twenty seven mayors from Spanish Regime up to present. The incumbent mayor is Joselito A. Ojeda.
At present, Mulanay is composed of twenty eight (28) barangays, four of which comprise the poblacion. The municipality is an agricultural town where farm crops like coconut, garlic, bananas, rice, corn, peanuts, mongo, ginger, squash, and other vegetables are abundantly harvested. Mulanay lies along the coast of Tayabas Bay, an abundant fishing ground.
Elected officials 2013–2016:
- Mayor: Joselito Aguirre Ojeda
- Vice Mayor: Ponciano Rejano
- Jay Castilleja
- Isidro M. Fuerte
- Edgardo R. Sebuc
- Elizabeth E. Acar
- Jay E. Castilleja
- Jose P. Pineda Jr.
- Antonio Rodelas
- Servillano Diaz
- Amuguis Falls
- Amuguis Falls are located in Barangay Amuguis, Mulanay. With its own distinct and unique characteristics, waterfalls are undeveloped tourist destination. They are surrounded by forest trees and big rock formation where local folks usually go for picnics and gathering.
- Malaking Bato
- The century-old legendary boulder along the coast of Barangay Santa Rosa which had been famous as a unique picnic spot among the residents and visitors alike.
- Buenavista Protected Landscape
- A protected area situated in Barangay Buenavista that preserves a major watershed forest.
- "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "Province: Quezon". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
- "Province of Quezon". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- "Mulanay: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-09-26. Retrieved 2013-02-26.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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