|17th Prime Minister of Iraq|
29 January 1948 – 26 June 1948
Prince Abdullah (Regent)
|Preceded by||Salih Jabr|
|Succeeded by||Muzahim al-Pachachi|
|Born||7 January 1882|
|Died||3 April 1956(aged 74)|
Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr
A member of the prominent Sadr family, claiming descent from the prophet Muhammad, he received a traditional Islamic education. An active Arab nationalist before World War One, in 1919/20 he founded the nationalist party National Guard (al-Haras al-Watani) and helped organize the Iraqi revolt against the British. Escaping arrest by fleeing to Najd, he subsequently returned to Iraq. He was appointed to the Senate of Iraq, becoming its President in the 1940s.
In January 1948 the signing of the Portsmouth treaty led to the Al-Wathbah uprising and the fall of Salih Jabr's government. As-Sadr became Prime Minister for five months. Though he never returned to executive office, he served as President of the Senate from January 1953 to December 1955.
He died on 3 April 1956.
- Yaacov Shimoni, Biographical Dictionary of the Middle East, 1991, p.202
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