Muhammad Shah of Selangor

Sultan Muhammad Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Ibrahim Shah, (Jawi: سلطان محمد شاه ابن المرحوم سلطان إبراهيم شاه ; born Raja Muhammad bin Raja Ibrahim; 1772 - 6 January 1857) was the third Sultan of Selangor.[1] His reign lasted 31 years until his death and saw the opening of tin mines in Ampang and the separation of Selangor into five independent districts.

Muhammad
Sultan of Selangor
Reign27 October 1826 – 6 January 1857
PredecessorSultan Ibrahim Shah
SuccessorAbdul Samad
Born1772
Died6 January 1857
Burial
Wives
  • Tengku Ampuan Raja Basik binti Arung To' Mojong
  • Raja Asiah binti Al-Marhum Sultan Ali 'Alauddin Shah of Riau
Issue
  • Raja Sulaiman
  • Raja Mahmud
  • Raja Laut
  • Raja Abbas
  • Raja Abdul Jabbar
  • Raja Ibrahim
  • Raja Siti
  • Raja Saleha
  • Raja Lijah
  • Raja Auyah
  • Raja Senai
  • Raja Atfah
  • Raja Perbu
Full name
Raja Muhammad bin Raja Ibrahim
Regnal name
Sultan Muhammad Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Ibrahim Shah
HouseDaeng Chelak
FatherSultan Ibrahim Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Salehuddin Shah
MotherCik Puan Besar Cik Long Halijah binti Dato' Hussain
ReligionSunni Islam

BackgroundEdit

His Highness was the son of Sultan Ibrahim Shah by his wife, Cik Puan Besar Encik Long Halijah binti Dato' Hussain.

He was the father-in-law of Abdul Samad, the 4th Sultan of Selangor.

His daughter, Raja Atfah, was married to Sultan Abdul Samad, the 4th Sultan of Selangor.

Thus, His Highness was the great-grand maternal grandfather of Sultan Sultan Sir Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah.

ReignEdit

Muhammad Shah was not the son of his father's first wife, but since he was made the heir presumptive during his father's reign, Selangor dignitaries accepted him as the next Sultan of Selangor. Sultan Muhammad Shah was not as competent in governing the state and did not have total control over local rajas, village leaders or their districts. By the end of his rule, Selangor was separated into five individual territories, namely Bernam, Kuala Selangor, Kelang, Langat and Lukut. Each area was governed by different leaders and Muhammad Shah only controlled Kuala Selangor.[2] Chinese settlers started mining for tin in the state during his time. The setting up of tin mines in Ampang brought business to the people and this was to be his only recognised success.[3][4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Megat Zaharuddin, M.I. (2002). "Database of Malay Nobility - Genealogy Data". Geocities. Archived from the original on 24 October 2009. Retrieved 25 June 2009.
  2. ^ "Kemangkatan Sultan Muhammad Shah Selangor". National Archives of Malaysia. 10 April 2009. Retrieved 29 June 2009.[dead link]
  3. ^ "Selangor Sultanate - the History". Irfan Nughoro. Melayu Online, Indonesia. 2008. Archived from the original on 22 January 2009. Retrieved 25 June 2009.
  4. ^ "Salasilah kesultanan Selangor mulai 1756". Selangor state government website. 2008. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2009.
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Ibrahim Shah
Sultan of Selangor
27 October 1826 – 6 January 1857
Succeeded by
Abdul Samad