Muhammad Khwandamir

Ghiyāś ad-Dīn Muḥammad Khwāndamīr, Khvandamir, or Khondamir or Hondemir (Persian: غياث الدين محمد خواندامير‎) (1475–1534) was a Persian[2] Islamic scholar[1] born in Herat, in 1475 AD,[3] a grandson and successor to noted historian Mirkhond.

Muhammad Khwandamir
Bornc. 1475 AD
Herat, Khurasan (now in Afghanistan) [1]
Died1534/37 AD
buried in Delhi, India [1]
EraMedieval era
RegionIslamic scholar

BiographyEdit

Khwandamir was a historian, scholar, and poet, who, like his grandfather Amir Khwand Muhammad, belonged to the Herat literary circle of Timurid vizier Mir Ali-Shir Navai. In around 1506, he was appointed comptroller for Sultan Husayn Badi al-Zaman, co-ruler of Herat.[4] Herat was captured by Ismail I in around 1510, and during that period, Khwandamir recorded the rise of Safavid dynasty. In 1527, the Mughal conqueror Babur invited Khwandamir to India, where he lived and died. Khwandamir edited and completed 7th and 8th volumes of the general history composed by his grandfather, and around 1500 composed an extract from it "Holaset el-ehbar".[5] Following the same pattern, in 1521 he composed for Ali-Shir Navai a three-volume general history entitled Habib al-Siyar, which means "Beloved of Careers", and which he dedicated to his patron, Ismail I.[6] Another notable work was "Al-Destour Voser".[7] In the European languages, other works of Khwandamir were not published.

WorksEdit

  • Habib al-Siyar
  • Elliot, H. M. (Henry Miers), Sir; John Dowson (1871). "24. Khulásatu-l Akhbár, of Khondamir". The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians. The Muhammadan Period (Vol 4.). London : Trübner & Co.
  • Elliot, H. M. (Henry Miers), Sir; John Dowson (1871). "25. Dastúru-l Wuzrá, of Khondamír". The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians. The Muhammadan Period (Vol 4.). London : Trübner & Co.
  • Elliot, H. M. (Henry Miers), Sir; John Dowson (1871). "26. Habib al-Siyar, of Khondamír". The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians. The Muhammadan Period (Vol 4.). London : Trübner & Co.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Ghiyas ad-Din Muhammad Khwandamir - Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  2. ^ Donzel, E. J. van (1 January 1994). Islamic Desk Reference. BRILL. p. 212. ISBN 90-04-09738-4. Khwandamir: surname of the Persian historian Ghiyath al-Din; ca. 1475ca. 1535. His most valuable work is a general history from the earliest times down to the end of the reign of Shah Ismail.
  3. ^ Elliot, H. M. (Henry Miers), Sir; John Dowson (1871). "24. Khulásatu-l Akhbár, of Khondamir". The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians. The Muhammadan Period (Vol 4.). London: Trübner & Co. p. 141..
  4. ^ Browne, E.G. Literary History of Persia, Volume 4. p. 445
  5. ^ Price D., Memoirs of the Principal Events of Mahommedan History, London, 1821, reprint General Books, 2010, ISBN 978-1-154-13938-9, (partial English translation)
  6. ^ Grigoriev, History of the Mongols from ancientest Times to Tamerlane, Composition by Hondemir, St. Petersburg, 1849 (translation)
  7. ^ Elliot, History of India, IV, 148-153