Mugello Circuit

Mugello Circuit (Autodromo Internazionale del Mugello) is a race track in Scarperia e San Piero, Tuscany, Italy. The circuit length is 5.245 km (3.259 mi). It has 15 turns and a 1.141 km (0.709 mi) long straight.[1] The circuit stadium stands have a capacity of 50,000.

Mugello Circuit
Mugello Racing Circuit track map 15 turns.svg
LocationScarperia e San Piero, Tuscany, Italy
Time zoneGMT+1
Coordinates43°59′51″N 11°22′19″E / 43.99750°N 11.37194°E / 43.99750; 11.37194Coordinates: 43°59′51″N 11°22′19″E / 43.99750°N 11.37194°E / 43.99750; 11.37194
FIA Grade1
Major eventsFormula One
Tuscan Grand Prix (2020)
Italian motorcycle Grand Prix, Tuscan motorcycle Grand Prix, A1GP, DTM, WSBK
Closed course (1974–present)
SurfaceAsphalt
Length5.245 km (3.259 mi)
Turns15
Race lap record1:18.833 (United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton, Mercedes, 2020, Formula One)
Road course (1919–1970)
SurfaceAsphalt/Concrete
Length66.2 km (41.3 mi)
Turns400+
Race lap record29:51.100 (Italy Arturo Merzario, Abarth Corse, Abarth 2000 SP, 1970)
Websitewww.mugellocircuit.it

Grand Prix motorcycle racing host an annual event at the circuit (for MotoGP and smaller classes). In 2007 and 2008 the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters held an annual event. The track is owned by Scuderia Ferrari, which uses it for Formula One testing. The first race of the A1GP 2008–09 season was originally planned to be held at the Mugello circuit on 21 September 2008. However, the race had to be cancelled due to the delay in building the new chassis for the new race cars.[2]

The circuit hosted its first ever Formula One race on 13 September 2020, named the Tuscan Grand Prix, as part of the season being restructured due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[3] This Grand Prix was the 1000th Grand Prix for Scuderia Ferrari.

HistoryEdit

Road race (1920–1970)Edit

 
The start-finish line of historic road circuit (1955).

Road races were held on public streets around Mugello from the 1920s. Giuseppe Campari won there in 1920 and 1921, and Emilio Materassi took victories in 1925, 1926 and 1928. The Mugello GP was revived in 1955 and from the 1964 to 1969 as a Targa Florio-like road race consisting of eight laps of 66.2 km each, including the Passo della Futa. The anticlockwise track passed the towns of San Piero a Sieve, Scarperia, Violla, Firenzuola, Selva, San Lucia. It counted towards the 1965, 1966 and 1967 World Sportscar Championship season. The last WC race was won[4] by Udo Schütz and Gerhard Mitter in a Porsche 910. After two Porsche wins, 1968 saw the Alfa Romeo Tipo 33 of Luciano Bianchi, Nanni Galli and Nino Vaccarella prevail over the Porsche driven by Rico Steinemann and Jo Siffert. In 1969, Arturo Merzario won with an Abarth 2000, and he won again in 1970 with the same car, where Abarth finished 1–2–3 with Leo Kinnunen and Gijs Van Lennep finishing second and third respectively.

The 1970 event brought about the end of the 66 km Mugello public road circuit; a seven-month-old baby was killed when local racer Spartaco Dini crashed his Alfa Romeo GTA into a group of people at the village of Firenzuola during a private test there, when the roads were open to the public (the roads were only closed on race day and for qualifying). Four other people, including two young children, were seriously injured. Although there had only been one previous fatality at the original Mugello circuit (that of Günther Klass in 1967), the incident badly damaged the event's reputation, and the 1970 race turned out to be the last one held on the public road circuit, which was won once again by Merzario. After the incident, Dini spent two months in prison, and after his time served he left Italy and did not return for many years.

Permanent circuit (1974–present)Edit

 
The main straight of permanent circuit (2011).

The present-day closed Mugello circuit was constructed in 1973 and opened in 1974, about 5 km east from the easternmost part of the original road circuit. The circuit was used for the in-season test during the 2012 Formula One season, by all teams except HRT. An unofficial track record of 1:21.035 was set by Romain Grosjean during the test.[5] The track was praised by Mark Webber, who stated that he "did 10 dry laps today around Mugello, which is the same as doing 1000 laps around Abu Dhabi track in terms of satisfaction".[6] Four-time Formula One world champion Sebastian Vettel said “unfortunately we don’t have this track on the calendar. It’s an incredible circuit with a lot of high-speed corners”.[7] Vitaly Petrov was however critical of the decision to test at Mugello, claiming the circuit was "unsafe".[8]

On 10 July 2020, it was announced that the 2020 Tuscan Grand Prix on the circuit would be the ninth race in the 2020 Formula One calendar, marking the 1000th Grand Prix for Ferrari.[9]

Winners of the Mugello Grand PrixEdit

The winners of the Mugello Grand Prix for cars (1919–1967: Circuito del Mugello, 1968–present: Gran Premio del Mugello) are:[10][11][12][13][14][15]

Winners on the closed circuit (5.245 km/3.259 mi)Edit

Year Driver Constructor Class Report
2000   Ricardo Sperafico Lola Formula 3000 Report
1998–1999 Not held
1997   Ricardo Zonta Lola Formula 3000 Report
1996   Ricardo Zonta Lola Report
1992–1995 Not held
1991   Alessandro Zanardi Reynard Formula 3000 Report
1987–1990 Not held
1986   Pierluigi Martini Ralt Formula 3000 Report
1985 Not held
1984   Mike Thackwell Ralt Formula Two Report
1983   Jonathan Palmer Ralt Report
1982   Corrado Fabi March Report
1981   Corrado Fabi March Report
1980   Brian Henton Toleman Report
1979   Brian Henton March Report
1978   Derek Daly Chevron Report
1977   Bruno Giacomelli March Report
1976   Jean-Pierre Jabouille Elf Report
1975   Maurizio Flammini March Report
1974   Patrick Depailler March Report

Winners on the road circuit (66.2 km/41.3 mi)Edit

Note: The 1926 race was held on the Cascine circuit.[16][17]

Year Driver Constructor Class Report
1970   Arturo Merzario Abarth Sports car Report
1969   Arturo Merzario Abarth Report
1968   Lucien Bianchi
  Nino Vaccarella
  Nanni Galli
Alfa Romeo Report
1967   Gerhard Mitter
  Udo Schütz
Porsche Report
1966   Gerhard Koch
  Jochen Neerpasch
Porsche Report
1965   Mario Casoni
  Antonio Nicodemi
Ferrari Report
1964   Gianni Bulgari Porsche Report
1956–1963 Not held
1955   Umberto Maglioli Ferrari Sports car Report
1930–1954 Not held
1929   Gastone Brilli-Peri Talbot Grand Prix Report
1928   Emilio Materassi Talbot Formula Libre Report
1927 Not held
1926   Emilio Materassi Itala Formula Libre Report
1925   Emilio Materassi Itala Report
1924   Giuseppe Morandi OM Report
1923   Gastone Brilli-Peri Steyr Report
1922   Alfieri Maserati Isotta Fraschini Report
1921   Giuseppe Campari Alfa Romeo Report
1920   Giuseppe Campari Alfa Romeo Report

Lap recordsEdit

Category Time Driver Car/Bike Event Ref.
F1 1:15.144 Lewis Hamilton Mercedes-AMG F1 W11 EQ Performance 2020 Tuscan Grand Prix Qualifying [18]
FIA F2 1:30.133 Christian Lundgaard Dallara F2 2018 2020 Mugello Feature Race Qualifying [19]
Group C 1:39.07 Riccardo Patrese Lancia LC2 1985 1000 km of Mugello
DTM 1:43.079 Timo Scheider Audi A4 DTM 2008 DTM Mugello Qualifying [20]
F2 1:43.92 Mike Thackwell Ralt-Honda RH6 1984 Mugello Grand Prix
MotoGP 1:45.519 Marc Marquez Honda RC213V 2019 Italian motorcycle Grand Prix Qualifying [21]
GT1 1:48.436 Andrea Bertolini Maserati MC12 2006 FIA GT Mugello 500km Qualifying [22]
Moto2 1:51.514 Sam Lowes Speed Up 2015 Italian motorcycle Grand Prix Qualifying [23]
Moto3 1:56.615 Danny Kent Honda 2015 Italian motorcycle Grand Prix Qualifying [24]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Mugello Circuit". GPcircuits.
  2. ^ "A1GP : News". A1gp.com. 21 August 2008. Retrieved 2 May 2009.
  3. ^ "Formula 1 adds Mugello and Sochi to revised 2020 F1 race calendar". Formula One World Championship Limited. 10 July 2020. Retrieved 6 September 2020.
  4. ^ "World Championship 1967". Wspr-racing.com. Retrieved 2 May 2009.
  5. ^ "Mugello day three – Grosjean ends test on a high". formula1.com. Retrieved 12 October 2014.
  6. ^ "Mark Webber about Mugello circuit". Twitter. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
  7. ^ "Sebastian Vettel on Mugello". James Allen on F1. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
  8. ^ "Vitaly Petrov claims Mugello is not safe enough for Formula 1 testing". Autosport. 3 May 2012.
  9. ^ "Formula 1 adds Mugello and Sochi to revised 2020 F1 race calendar". Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  10. ^ "Grand Prix winners 1919–1933, The golden era of Grand Prix racing". Kolumbus.fi. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
  11. ^ "Non Championship Races, The World of Sports Prototypes Racing". Wspr-racing.com. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
  12. ^ "World Sportscar Championship, The World of Sports Prototypes Racing". Wspr-racing.com. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
  13. ^ http://www.formula2.net/index.html
  14. ^ "Gran Premio di Mugello, The Racing Line". Theracingline.net. Archived from the original on 7 June 2010. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
  15. ^ "Mugello Grand Prix 1968". Racing Sports Cars. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
  16. ^ Etzrodt, Hans. "Materassi wins the Coppa del Marchese Ginori at the Cascine Circuit". The Golden Era of Grand Prix racing. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
  17. ^ Higham, Peter (1995). The Guinness Guide to International Motor Racing. p. 415. ISBN 0851126421.
  18. ^ Galloway, James (12 September 2020). "Tuscan GP Qualifying: Lewis Hamilton claims Mugello pole from Valtteri Bottas". Sky Sports. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  19. ^ "Lundgaard seals first F2 pole in Mugello, ahead of Ticktum and Ilott". www.fiaformula2.com. 11 September 2020. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  20. ^ "Scheider in pole al Mugello". www.gazzetta.it (in Italian). 3 May 2008. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  21. ^ "Marquez shatters lap record for Gran Premio D'Italia Oakley pole". 1 June 2019. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  22. ^ Briggs, Gemma (16 September 2006). "Vitaphone Racing claim Mugello pole - GT - Autosport". Autosport.com. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  23. ^ Sports, Dorna (30 May 2015). "Lowes leaves rivals trailing in his wake". www.motogp.com. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  24. ^ Sports, Dorna (30 May 2015). "Kent blitzes record on way to Moto3™ pole at Mugello". www.motogp.com. Retrieved 12 September 2020.

External linksEdit