Muehlenbeckia axillaris

Muehlenbeckia axillaris (creeping wire vine, sprawling wirevine, matted lignum) is a low evergreen shrub, forming wiry mats up to about 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) in diameter, native to New Zealand, and the Australian states of Tasmania, New South Wales and Victoria.[1] It has thin, red-brown stems, with glossy squarish to roundish leaves that are less than 1 cm (0.39 in) in diameter and 2–4 mm (0.079–0.157 in) thick. Flowers are inconspicuous, yellowish-white, 4–8 mm (0.16–0.31 in) in diameter, and borne in groups of up to three in the axils. The fruit is black, shiny, and up to 3.5 mm (0.14 in) long, produced in late summer to fall.

Muehlenbeckia axillaris
Muehlenbeckia axillaris - Berlin Botanical Garden - IMG 8745.JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Polygonaceae
Genus: Muehlenbeckia
Species:
M. axillaris
Binomial name
Muehlenbeckia axillaris
(Hook.f.) Walp.

The plant is hardy, drought-tolerant, and quick-growing, thriving in a range of light conditions. It can be cultivated as a ground cover and grows well in rocky ground, as well as standard potting soil. Although it grows fastest in warm seasons, it tolerates freezing weather.

TaxonomyEdit

The species was first described by Joseph Dalton Hooker in 1847, who used the name "Polygonum (Muhlenbeckia) axillaris".[2] Both Stephan Endlicher (in 1848)[3] and Wilhelm Gerhard Walpers (in 1849)[4] later referred to it as just Muehlenbeckia axillaris.

SynonymsEdit

  • Pseudanthus tasmanicus

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Muehlenbeckia axillaris". PlantNET - New South Wales Flora Online. Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust, Sydney Australia. Retrieved 2009-03-08.
  2. ^ Hooker, W.J. (1847). "Polygoneae". London Journal of Botany. Vol. 6. p. 278. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  3. ^ "Plant Name Details for Muehlenbeckia axillaris (Hook.f.) Endl". The International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  4. ^ "Plant Name Details for Muehlenbeckia axillaris". The International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 2019-03-06.

External linksEdit