Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram

Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram (born 28 August 1966)[1][2] is the head of the Royal House of Sulu, a position which he has held since 16 February 1986. As the eldest son of the former Sultan Mohammad Mahakuttah Abdulla Kiram (who reigned 1974–1986), he is the legitimate heir claimant to the throne of the Sultanate of Sulu.[3] He is a pretender to the throne as the 35th Sultan of Sulu.[4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][excessive citations]

Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram
Sultan Muedzul-Lail Tan Kiram.jpg
Pretender to the Sulu Sultanate
Pretence16 February 1986 – present
PredecessorMohammed Mahakuttah Abdullah Kiram
Born (1966-08-28) 28 August 1966 (age 55)
Jolo, Sulu, Philippines
SpouseMellany S. Kiram
Issue7 (biological);
1 (adopted)
HouseRoyal House of Kiram
FatherMohammed Mahakuttah Abdullah Kiram
MotherPangyan Farida Tan Kiram

Personal lifeEdit

Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram was born on 28 August 1966 on the island of Jolo in present-day Philippines, the eldest son of Mohammad Mahakuttah Abdulla Kiram, 34th Sultan of Sulu and North Borneo and his first wife Dayang-Dayang Farida Tan-Kiram.[1]

Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram studied at Universidad de Zamboanga in Zamboanga City where he got his Bachelor of Arts (BA) degree.[2] Between 1995 and 1996, he continued his higher studies in Islam in Lahore, Pakistan.[2] As of 2016, he lives on the island of Jolo.[13] Currently, he is also involved as a local civic leader on the island and Sulu in general, regularly meeting with the local population.[14]

He is married to Ampun Dayang Babai Mellany S. Kiram and has seven children:[15]

  1. Raja Muda Moh. Ehsn S. Kiram[1]
  2. Datu Nizamuddin S. Kiram
  3. Dayang-Dayang Rahela S. Kiram
  4. Datu Jihad S. Kiram
  5. Datu Mujahid S. Kiram
  6. Dayang-Dayang Redha S. Kiram
  7. Datu Mahakuttah S. Kiram

CoronationEdit

Datu Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram was crowned as Raja Muda (Crown Prince) of Sulu on 24 May 1974 beside his father in Sulu, under Memorandum Order No. 427, which was issued by President Ferdinand Marcos, President of Philippines.[16] The ceremony was held in Jolo, Sulu.[17][18][19] Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram is the last recognised Raja Muda (Crown Prince) by the Philippine government. When his father died in 1986, Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram could not take the crown because of his age, which led to relatives trying to claim the crown for themselves.[20]

Raja Muda Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram was crowned Sultan in a coronation event on the island of Jolo on 16 September 2012.[1]

The Mindanao Examiner recognizes Sultan Kiram as the "legitimate Sultan of Sulu and North Borneo."[21]

Sultan Kiram is acknowledged as the Sultan of Sulu by the secretary of the Mindanao Development Authority, Emmanuel Piñol.[22]

Royal and Hashemite Order of the PearlEdit

Sultan Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram awards the Royal and Hashemite Order of the Pearl as a formal Royal Honour.[23] Notable members of the Order include Nobel Peace Prize awardee and President of Poland Lech Walesa.[24] The Philippine government has officially recognized the continued existence of the Sultanate of Sulu as recorded on the Philippine Gazette in 1957[25] and 1962.[26]

Regnal nameEdit

Kiram's full regnal name is His Royal Majesty Paduka Mahasari Al-Maulana Ampun Sultan Hadji Muedzul-Lail Tan Kiram ibni Almarhum Sultan Mohammad Mahakuttah Abdulla Kiram, The 35th Sultan of Sulu and North Borneo.[5][6][7][8]

Honours and awardsEdit

Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram has received honours from a number of Royal Houses and other awards:

2013 Lahad Datu standoffEdit

Sultan Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram clearly and emphatically decried these actions led by Jamalul Kiram III, a self-proclaimed pretender to the throne in a press release and on a Malaysiakini TV interview.[32][33][34]

GenealogyEdit

Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram is the grandson of Sultan Mohammed Esmail Kiram (1950–1973) while Sultan Muwallil Wasit II (1936) was his great-grandfather and Sultan Jamalul Kiram II (1893–1936) was his great-granduncle. He is a direct male descendant and the legitimate heir to throne of the Sultanate of Sulu.[3]

AncestryEdit

Patrilineal descent

Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram's patriline is the line from which he is descended father to son.

House of Kiram
  1. Sultan Alimud Din I
  2. Sultan Sharapud Din
  3. Sultan Alimud Din II
  4. Sultan Jamalul Kiram I
  5. Sultan Mohammed Polalun Kiram
  6. Sultan Jamalul Alam
  7. Sultan Mawallil Wasit Kiram
  8. Sultan Mohammed Esmail Kiram
  9. Sultan Mohammed Mahakuttah Kiram
  10. Raja Muda Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "New Sultan of Sulu reported to the throne". Daily Zamboanga Times. September 26, 2012. p. 11.
  2. ^ a b c Bačko, Aleksandar (2015). Sultanate of Sulu: Notes from the Past and Present Times (PDF). Belgrade, Serbia. p. 10. ISBN 978-86-912425-5-8. Retrieved August 8, 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Line of Succession of the Sultans of Sulu of the Modern Era". Official Gazette. Government of the Philippines. Retrieved August 8, 2019.
  4. ^ "Exclusive: Sultan of Sulu, North Borneo, rejects BOL, asks Duterte to establish Federal government". Mindanoa Examiner. November 8, 2018. Retrieved July 28, 2019.
  5. ^ a b Aguilar, Krissy. "Sultanate of Sulu: Baron Geisler got 'fake royal title'". entertainment.inquirer.net. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  6. ^ a b Afinidad-Bernardo, Deni Rose M. "Fake datu? Baron Geisler reportedly conferred by 'false' Sulu royals". philstar.com. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  7. ^ a b "Baron Geisler's honorary title 'fake' – Sultanate of Sulu". Manila Bulletin Entertainment. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  8. ^ a b "Baron Geisler pekeng Datu". Tempo - The Nation's Fastest Growing Newspaper. 2019-09-12. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  9. ^ "Sultanate of Sulu insists Baron Geisler's Datu title is fake". PEP.ph. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  10. ^ Galang, Bombo Jovino. "Pagiging 'Datu' ni Baron Geisler, peke? | Bombo Radyo News". Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  11. ^ "Royal House of Sulu says Baron's "Datu" title conferred by "fake" royals". Virtual Pinoy. 2019-09-11. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  12. ^ "'Wag magpaloko sa mga impostor': Titulong "Datu" ni Baron Geisler fake news | Abante TNT Breaking News". Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  13. ^ Golingai, Philip (March 26, 2016). "The Sulu side of the story". The Star. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
  14. ^ "Asia America Initiative". Asia America Initiative. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
  15. ^ a b c d Bačko 2015, p. 11.
  16. ^ Rasul, Amina (2003). The Road to Peace and Reconciliation: Muslim Perspective on the Mindanao Conflict. AIM Policy Center, Asian Institute of Management. p. 2. ISBN 9789716790658.
  17. ^ "Memorandum Letter No. 427" (PDF). Official Gazette. Government of the Philippines. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
  18. ^ Potet, Jean-Paul G. (2013). Filipiniana Bibliography (in Filipino). J.P.G. Potet. p. 328. ISBN 9781291639452.
  19. ^ Omar, Ibrahim S. (July 10, 2018). Diary of a Colonized Native: (Years of Hidden Colonial Slavery). Singapore: Partridge Publishing.
  20. ^ Cayabyab, Marc Jayson (March 7, 2013). "Jamalul Kiram III and the 'sultans' of Sulu". GMA News. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
  21. ^ "Sultan of Sulu, North Borneo, Rejects BOL". The Mindanao Examiner. November 12–18, 2018. p. 3. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
  22. ^ Flores, Fritz. "Duterte tasks MinDA to lead Jolo rebuilding". Mindanao Development Authority. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  23. ^ Garcia Riol, D.J. (2013). "La Real y Hachemita Orden de la Perla" (PDF). Spanish Heraldic Society (in Spanish). Retrieved August 8, 2019.
  24. ^ "The 41st International Polonaise Ball" (PDF).{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  25. ^ "A Proclamation".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  26. ^ "Acceptance by the Republic of the Philippines of the cession and transfer of the terriroty of North Borneo by His Highness, Sultan Mohammad Esmail Kiram, Sultan of Sulu, acting with the consent and approval of the Ruma Bechara, in council assembled, to the Republic of the Philippines | GOVPH". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  27. ^ "Distinguished Members of the ORDER OF THE EAGLE OF GEORGIA AND THE SEAMLESS TUNIC OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST (Royal House of Georgia)". Royal House of Georgia. Archived from the original on October 6, 2011. Retrieved 8 October 2011.[better source needed]
  28. ^ "Members of The Order of the Engabu". ARKBK CLBG Official Website. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
  29. ^ a b "Honours and Recognition". ROYAL AND HASHEMITE ORDER OF THE PEARL. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  30. ^ "Royal Confraternity of Saint Teotonio". www.royalconfraternityofsaintteotonio.com. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  31. ^ "History" (in Spanish). Real Academia Sancti Ambrosii Martyris. Retrieved August 8, 2019.
  32. ^ Multiple Sultans of Sulu making claims for Sabah, retrieved 2020-04-10
  33. ^ Nawal, Allan Afdal. "Sabah standoff revives questions on who is the legitimate sultan of Sulu". globalnation.inquirer.net. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  34. ^ Bougon, Par François (March 5, 2013). "La Malaisie lance l'assaut contre les hommes d'un sultan philippin" (in Indonesian). Le Monde. Retrieved August 3, 2019.

External linksEdit

Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram
Born: 28 August 1966
Titles in pretence
Preceded by — TITULAR —
Sultan of Sulu
16 February 1986 –
Incumbent
Heir:
Maharaja Adinda Moh. Ehsn S. Kiram