Muadh ibn Jabal

Muadh ibn Jabal (Arabic: مُعاذ بن جبل; 603 – 639) was a sahabi (companion) of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.[3][4] Muadh was an Ansar of Banu Khazraj and compiled the Quran with five companions while Muhammad was still alive.[3] He was known as the one with a lot of knowledge.[5] He was called by Muhammad "the one who will lead the scholars into Paradise."[6][3]

Muath ibn Jabal
Muadh ibn Jabal Masjid an-Nabawi Calligraphy.png
Arabic calligraphy of Muadh ibn Jabal
Born603
Died639(639-00-00) (aged 35–36)
Other names(إمام الفقهاء) Imam Alfoqaha'a
(كنز العلماء) Kanz Alulama'a
(أعلم الأمة بالحلال والحرام) A'alam Alumma bil Halali wal Haram
Known forSahabi, Islamic scholar
Spouse(s)Umm Amr bint Khalid ibn Amr al-Khazrajiyya[1]
ChildrenAbd al-Rahman ibn Muadh ibn Jabal
Parents
  • Jabal ibn Amr ibn Aws ibn Aidh[2] (father)
  • Hind bint Sahl al-Juhaniyya[2] (mother)
RelativesAbd Allah ibn al-Jad ibn Qays[1] (maternal brother)

BiographyEdit

Era of MuhammadEdit

Mu'adh accepted Islam before the Second pledge at al-Aqabah in submission before Muhammad. Nevertheless, he was one of those who took the pledge.[6]

Muhammad sent Mu'adh as the governor of Yemen to collect zakat. When Muhammad sent Mu'adh to Yemen to teach its people about Islam, he personally bade farewell to him, walking for some distance alongside him as he set out to leave the city. It is said that Muhammad informed him that on his return to Medina, he would perhaps see only his masjid and grave. Upon hearing this, Mu'adh began to cry.

After MuhammadEdit

When Mu'adh returned to Medina, the Caliph was Abu Bakr. He eventually accompanied Usama ibn Zayd on the Syrian expedition, dying there in 18 Hijri, due to the Plague of 'Amwas.[6][7]

LegacyEdit

The college for the study of Shariah law, at Mosul University in Iraq, is named after him.[8]

A mosque in the town of Hamtramck, Michigan, is named Masjid Mu'ath bin Jabal.

SayingsEdit

Al-Bayhaqi narrated in Shu`ab al-Iman (1:392 #512-513), and so did al-Tabarani, that Mu`adh ibn Jabal narrated that Muhammad said: "The People of Paradise will not regret except one thing alone: the hour that passed them by and in which they made no remembrance of Allah." Ali ibn Abu Bakr al-Haythami in Majma al-Zawa'id (10:74) said that its narrators are all trustworthy (thiqat), while Suyuti declared it hasan in his Jami` al-Saghir (#7701).

Ibn al-Jawzi recorded in Siffatu Safwah that Mu'adh advised his son, "My son! Pray the prayer of he who is just about to leave and imagine that you might not be able to pray ever again. Know that the believer dies between two good deeds; one that he performed and one that he intended to perform later on."

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ a b الطبقات الكبرى لابن سعد - مُعَاذُ بْنُ جَبَلِ (1) Archived 2017-04-15 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b سير أعلام النبلاء» الصحابة رضوان الله عليهم» معاذ بن جبل Archived 2017-04-15 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b c Az-Zirakli 2002.
  4. ^ Ph.D, Coeli Fitzpatrick; Walker, Adam Hani (25 April 2014). Muhammad in History, Thought, and Culture: An Encyclopedia of the Prophet of God [2 volumes]. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9781610691789 – via Google Books.
  5. ^ http://www.islamicencyclopedia.org/islamic-pedia-topic.php?id=53
  6. ^ a b c Islamiat for students
  7. ^ Islam Beliefs and Practices
  8. ^ Al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad. "Archive of Islamic State Administrative Documents (cont.)".

BibliographyEdit

  • Az-Zirakli, Khairuddin (2002). Al-A'lām (in Arabic). Vol. 7 (15 ed.). Beirut: Dar el-Ilm Lilmalayin. pp. 258–9. Archived from the original on 2017-08-09. Retrieved 2017-10-25.