Muʿādh ibn Jabal (Arabic: مُعاذ بن جبل; 603 – 639) was a sahabi (companion) of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.[3][4] Muadh was an Ansar of Banu Khazraj and compiled the Quran with five companions while Muhammad was still alive.[3] He was known as the one with a lot of knowledge.[5] He was called by Muhammad "the one who will lead the scholars into Paradise."[6][3]

Mu'adh ibn Jabal
مُعاذ بن جبل
Bornc. 603 CE
Diedc. 639(639-00-00) (aged 35–36)
Other names(إمام الفقهاء) Imam Alfoqaha'a
(كنز العلماء) Kanz Alulama'a
(أعلم الأمة بالحلال والحرام) A'alam Alumma bil Halali wal Haram
Known forSahabi, Ansar, Islamic scholar
SpouseUmm Amr bint Khalid ibn Amr al-Khazrajiyya[1]
ChildrenAbd al-Rahman ibn Muadh ibn Jabal
  • Jabal ibn Amr ibn Aws ibn Aidh[2] (father)
  • Hind bint Sahl al-Juhaniyya[2] (mother)
FamilyBanu Khazraj (from Azd)

Biography edit

Era of Muhammad edit

Mu'adh accepted Islam before the Second pledge at al-Aqabah in submission before Muhammad. Nevertheless, he was one of those who took the pledge.[6] He was a great companion.

Muhammad sent Mu'adh as the governor of Yemen to collect zakat. When Muhammad sent Mu'adh to Yemen to teach its people about Islam, he personally bade farewell to him, walking for some distance alongside him as he set out to leave the city. It is said that Muhammad informed him that on his return to Medina, he would perhaps see only his masjid and grave. Upon hearing this, Mu'adh began to cry.

After Muhammad edit

Mu'adh died in 639 due to the Plague of 'Amwas.[6][7]

Legacy edit

The college for the study of Shariah law, at Mosul University in Iraq, is named after him.[8]

A mosque in the town of Hamtramck, Michigan, is named Masjid Mu'ath bin Jabal. There is also a mosque named Masjid Mu'adh-ibn-Jabal which is conveniently located on the outskirts of Leicester City Centre, UK in the popular Goodwood area of the city. The Masjid serves the local Muslim community of over 500 Muslim families located in and around Uppingham Road, col Road, Wakerley Road and Spencefield Lane.

Sayings edit

Al-Bayhaqi narrated in Shu`ab al-Iman (1:392 #512-513), and so did al-Tabarani, that Mu`adh ibn Jabal narrated that Muhammad said: "The People of Paradise will not regret except one thing alone: the hour that passed them by and in which they made no remembrance of Allah." Ali ibn Abu Bakr al-Haythami in Majma al-Zawa'id (10:74) said that its narrators are all trustworthy (thiqat), while Suyuti declared it hasan in his Jami` al-Saghir (#7701).

Ibn al-Jawzi recorded in Siffatu Safwah that Mu'adh advised his son, "My son! Pray the prayer of he who is just about to leave and imagine that you might not be able to pray ever again. Know that the believer dies between two good deeds; one that he performed and one that he intended to perform later on."[9]

See also edit

References edit

Citations edit

  1. ^ "الطبقات الكبرى لابن سعد - مُعَاذُ بْنُ جَبَلِ (1)". Archived from the original on April 15, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "إسلام ويب - سير أعلام النبلاء - الصحابة رضوان الله عليهم - معاذ بن جبل- الجزء رقم1". Archived from the original on April 15, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c Az-Zirakli 2002.
  4. ^ Ph.D, Coeli Fitzpatrick; Walker, Adam Hani (25 April 2014). Muhammad in History, Thought, and Culture: An Encyclopedia of the Prophet of God [2 volumes]. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9781610691789 – via Google Books.
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b c Islamiat for students
  7. ^ Islam Beliefs and Practices
  8. ^ Al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad (11 January 2016). "Archive of Islamic State Administrative Documents (cont.)".
  9. ^ ص136 - كتاب مواعظ الصحابة لعمر المقبل - من مواعظ معاذ بن جبل رضي الله عنه - المكتبة الشاملة الحديثة

Bibliography edit

  • Az-Zirakli, Khairuddin (2002). Al-A'lām (in Arabic). Vol. 7 (15 ed.). Beirut: Dar el-Ilm Lilmalayin. pp. 258–9. Archived from the original on 2017-08-09. Retrieved 2017-10-25.