Mstislav II of Kiev

Mstislav II Izyaslavich (Ukrainian: Мстислав Ізяславич; Russian: Мстислав Изяславич) (died 19 August 1170) was the prince of Pereyaslav and Volodymyr-Volynsky and grand prince of Kiev (Kyiv, 1158-1159, 1167–1169, 1170).

Mstislav II
Grand Prince of Kiev (Kyiv)
Reign22 December 1158 - 1159
PredecessorIziaslav III
SuccessorRostislav I
Reign19 May 1167 - 12 March 1169
PredecessorRostislav I
SuccessorGleb I
ReignMarch 1170 - April 1170
PredecessorGleb I
SuccessorGleb I
Bornc. 1125
Kiev, Kievan Rus’
Diedc. 1170 (aged 44-45)
Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Republic
SpouseAgnes of Poland
Issue
HouseRurik
FatherIziaslav II of Kiev
MotherAgnes of Germany
ReligionEastern Orthodoxy

Mstislav was the son of Grand Prince Iziaslav II of Kiev. Along with his father, he participated in the wars against Yury Dolgoruky and the Chernigov princes. After an initial victory against the Cumans in 1153, Mstislav was defeated by the Cumans at the Psyol river. Yury Dolgoruky forced him to flee to Poland in 1155, but the next year Mstislav returned with a new army and defeated Dolgoruky at Volodymyr-Volynsky. Dolgoruky died in 1157, and Mstislav had himself crowned at Volodymyr-Volynsky.

In 1169, Kiev was sacked by Andrey Bogolyubsky who removed Mstislav as grand prince.[1] Mstislav passed his exile in Byzantium and during the reign of Emperor Manuel I Komnenos, was rewarded the district of Otskalana.[2]

In 1151 Mstislav married Agnes, the daughter of Duke Bołeslaw III of Poland.[3] They had three sons:

  1. Roman, Prince of Novgorod (c. 1152-1205)
  2. Sviatoslav, Prince of Brest
  3. Vsevolod, Prince of Belz, Prince of Volodymyr-Volynsky (died 1196)

His death is reported in 1172 in the book Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe, Jiri Louda and Michael Maclagan. Clarkson N Potter, New York 1981 in Table 135

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Janet Martin, Treasure of the Land of Darkness: The Fur Trade and Its Significance for Medieval Russia, (Cambridge University Press, 1986), 127.
  2. ^ Rus'-Byzantine Princely Marriages in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries, Alexander Kazhdan, Harvard Ukrainian Studies, Vol. 12/13, Proceedings of the International Congress Commemorating the Millennium of Christianity in Rus'-Ukraine (1988/1989), 414.
  3. ^ Nora Berend, Przemysław Urbańczyk and Przemysław Wiszewski, Central Europe in the High Middle Ages: Bohemia, Hungary and Poland, c.900–c.1300, (Cambridge University Press, 2013), 226.
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Grand Prince of Kiev
1158-1159
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Grand Prince of Kiev
1167-1169
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Grand Prince of Kiev
1170
Succeeded by