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Mr. Bug Goes to Town (also known as Hoppity Goes to Town and Bugville[2]) is an animated feature produced by Fleischer Studios, previewed by Paramount Pictures on December 5, 1941, and released in California and New York City in February 1942.[1]

Mr. Bug Goes to Town
MrBugGoesToTown.jpg
Mr. Bug Goes to Town original one-sheet poster.
Directed byDave Fleischer
Shamus Culhane (uncredited)

Animation directors
Willard Bowsky
Shamus Culhane
H.C. Ellison
Thomas Johnson
Graham Place
Stan Quackenbush
David Tendlar
Myron Waldman
Produced byMax Fleischer
Written byDan Gordon
Tedd Pierce
Isadore Sparber
Graham Place
Bob Wickersham
William Turner
Carl Meyer
Cal Howard
Story byDave Fleischer
Dan Gordon
Tedd Pierce
Isadore Sparber
StarringKenny Gardner
Gwen Williams
Jack Mercer
Tedd Pierce
Carl Meyer
Stan Freed
Pauline Loth
Pinto Colvig (uncredited)
Jean Rhys (uncredited)
Mae Questel (uncredited)
The Four Marshalls
The Royal Guards
Narrated byGuinn "Big Boy" Williams (uncredited)
Music byLeigh Harline (score)
Frank Loesser (words-songs)
Hoagy Carmichael (music-songs)
Sammy Timberg (music-songs)
Lou Fleischer (supervisor, uncredited)
Production
company
Distributed byParamount Pictures
Release date
  • December 5, 1941 (1941-12-05)
(premiere)
  • February 13, 1942 (1942-02-13)
(California) [1]
  • February 20, 1942 (1942-02-20)
(New York City) [1]
Running time
78 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$1.00 million
Box office$241,000

The film was originally meant to be an adaptation of Maurice Maeterlinck's The Life of the Bee, but the rights could not be attained, or, more rightly, Paramount was unwilling to purchase them from Samuel Goldwyn. Instead they fashioned and crafted an original modern story loosely inspired on the book.[3]

The film was produced by Max Fleischer and directed by Dave Fleischer and Shamus Culhane, with animation sequences directed by Willard Bowsky, Culhane, H.C. Ellison, Thomas Johnson, Graham Place, Stan Quackenbush, David Tendlar, and Myron Waldman. It featured the songs: "We're the Couple in the Castle", "Katy Did, Katy Didn't", "I'll Dance at Your Wedding (Honey Dear)" by Hoagy Carmichael and Frank Loesser, and "Boy Oh Boy" by Sammy Timberg and Loesser.

This would also be Paramount's last animated film until Charlotte's Web in 1973.

PlotEdit

Hoppity the Grasshopper, after a period spent away, returns to an American city (Manhattan, New York). He finds that all is not as he left it, and his insect friends (who live in the "Lowlands" just outside of the garden of a cute bungalow belonging to down-on-his-luck songwriter Dick Dickens and his wife Mary) are now under threat from the "human ones," who are trampling through the broken-down fence, using it as a shortcut.

Insect houses are being flattened and burned by cast away cigar butts. Old Mr. Bumble and his beautiful daughter Honey (Hoppity's sweetheart) are in grave danger of losing their Honey Shop to this threat. To compound their problems, devious insect "property magnate" C. Bagley Beetle has romantic designs on Honey Bee himself, and, with the help of his henchmen Swat the Fly and Smack the Mosquito, Honey is tricked into marrying the Beetle for the good of the insect community.

Hoppity discovers that the Songwriter and his wife are waiting for a "check thing" from the Famous Music publishing company for the songwriter's composition, "We're the Couple in the Castle." With this money they can save the whole bug community. But C. Bagley Beetle and his henchmen "steal" the check, and the Dickens house is foreclosed. Days pass and with nothing improved nearly everyone in the lowlands loses faith in Hoppity's claim. To make matters worse the Dickenses lose their home when a skyscraper is built on the site. Mr. Beetle can force everyone to pay his exorbitant prices -- until he finds out that the building will be on his property too. Realizing that Hoppity was nearby and overheard him, he seals Hoppity inside the envelope that the Dickens' check came in, hiding it in a crack in a wall.

Construction begins while everyone is at the wedding of Beetle and Honey; a weight from a surveyor's level rips through the chapel causes the bugs to flee in terror back to the Lowlands (not realizing the whole parcel is endangered by the construction crew). Hoppity escapes when the construction crew demolishes the wall, freeing the envelope. Hoppity comes to Honey's rescue, battles Beetle and his henchmen, and wins.

Hoppity tells everyone what happened and manages to get the check to Mr. Dickens. "We're the Couple in the Castle" becomes a massive hit. Meanwhile, Hoppity leads an exodus from the Lowlands to the top of the skyscraper, where he believes the Dickens' have built a new home and invited the bugs to live there. They get to the top, which at first appears to be barren, but the young bugs discover the Dickens have built a new penthouse with a "Garden of Paradise" just Hoppity had described. Honey and the rest of the Lowlanders live there happily ever after in their new home. And as Ambrose looks over the edge, he remarks, "Look at all the human ones down there. They look just like a lot of little bugs!"

Voice castEdit

  • Kenny Gardner as Dick
  • Gwen Williams as Mary
  • Jack Mercer as Mr. Bumble / Swat
  • Tedd Pierce as C. Bagley Beetle (credited as Ted Pierce)
  • Carl Meyer as Smack
  • Stan Freed as Hoppity
  • Pauline Loth as Honey
  • The Four Marshals as Chorus Interpretations
  • The Royal Guards as Chorus Interpretations
  • Guinn "Big Boy" Williams as Narrator (uncredited)

ProductionEdit

Fleischer Studios' first feature, Gulliver's Travels, did such impressive business in its first week that Paramount president Barney Balaban ordered another feature for a Christmas 1941 release.

Mr. Bug Goes to Town is similar in concept to Gulliver’s Travels with its large cast of characters, complicated crowd scenes, and the contrasting scale of tiny characters against the gigantic human world. In Mr. Bug, the environment is central to the picture. While the lead characters, Hoppity the grasshopper and Honey Bee, do not lead the story as clearly as Disney characters do, it is the situation that propels the plot combined with colorful supporting comical characters.[4]

Mr. Bug Goes to Town was beset by problems due to the rift between the brothers that began during the production of Gulliver's Travels. From that point on, they communicated with each other via internal memos while working in the same building. Running a major animated cartoon studio solely by written communique turned out to be "a sort of tragicomedy."[5]

Paramount was acutely aware of the problems between Max and Dave Fleischer and structured their contract for the completion of Mr. Bug in an unusual way, allowing for the resignation of either brother following its completion. When Paramount renewed the Fleischer contract on May 24, 1941, a clause stipulated that the brothers deliver signed letters of resignation to Paramount to be used at the studio's discretion.[6] Post-production concluded in Hollywood just before Thanksgiving, and Dave tendered his resignation one month before the scheduled release.

Mr. Bug Goes to Town was the first animated feature to give screen credit to the voice actors. The voices were provided by actor Stan Freed (Hoppity) and Pauline Loth (Honey). The supporting characters were voiced by members of the studio staff including Jack Mercer, the voice of Popeye (Mr. Bumble, Swat the Fly), and storymen Tedd Pierce (C. Bagley Beetle), Carl Meyer (Smack the Mosquito), Pinto Colvig (Mr. Creeper), Margie Hines (Mrs. Ladybug),[7] and Mae Questel (Buzz the Beescout). Singer Kenny Gardner and actress Gwen Williams portrayed "The Human Ones," Songwriter Dick Dickens and his wife, Mary.

Book and other merchandiseEdit

The film received a book adaptation which was released around the same time - it features new characters along with the ones from the film and goes further on key plots. For example, in the film Honey is aware of Beetle's romantic interest, expressing dislike to him but willing to make the sacrifice if it means everyone can live safely on his property away from the broken fence. However, in the book, Hoppity is made aware of this fact by Ambrose the Bee Scout, making Beetle's conflict with Hoppity more apparent from the start. Whether this was part of the film's script is unknown.[citation needed] The film also inspired a Mr. Bug Goes to Town board game and a series of trading cards.

ReleaseEdit

Mr. Bug Goes to Town was previewed on December 5, 1941 in advance of its scheduled Christmas release. While it was well-received by critics, theater operators rejected it. Two days later, the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor signaled America's entrance into World War II, and Paramount canceled the Christmas release. Three weeks later, Paramount president Barney Balaban activated Max Fleischer's resignation. Paramount finally released the film in California on February 13, 1942 (February 20 in New York City).[1] In the UK, it opened during January 1942 under the name Hoppity Goes to Town.

Mr. Bug was a financial disaster. Paramount reorganized Fleischer Studios as Famous Studios.[6][8] Before the film's release, Walter Lantz, Paul Terry, and Leon Schlesinger all considered producing animated feature films, but after seeing the disappointing box-office of this film and the initial failures of Walt Disney's new films Pinocchio and Fantasia (both 1940), they cancelled any potential animated feature projects.

Harlan Ellison described vivid memories of having to outwit his family in order to see Mr. Bug Goes to Town for free on his birthday in his book Harlan Ellison's Watching. He credits his exploit as having fostered his rebellious nature rather than remaining a sweet obedient child. He never got to see the entire film until it came out on videocassette, and he watched it frequently throughout his adult life.[9]

Paramount later re-released Mr. Bug as Hoppity Goes to Town (the original title is a parody of the title of the 1936 film Mr. Deeds Goes to Town[6]). The film cost $713,511 to make, but by 1946 had only made $241,000 back, and was withdrawn from circulation.[6] Under the reissue title, Hoppity has had multiple re-releases on home video throughout the 1970s (most with inferior image quality) to its DVD release by Legend Films, in which the studio re-titled the film again to Bugville (presumably to position against Pixar's A Bug's Life).

The film was acquired in the 1950s by National Telefilm Associates (which became Republic) and enjoyed a renewed popularity as a staple on local "movie classics" shows such as Family Classics on Chicago's WGN. The film (as Hoppity Goes to Town) was officially released by Republic Pictures on VHS and LaserDisc in May 1989.[10] While NTA failed to renew copyrights to many of the films they acquired, Mr. Bug Goes to Town was one of the few films that did get its copyright renewed. Despite the fact that the film is still copyrighted (by Republic successor Melange Pictures, managed by parent company Viacom, which also owns Paramount Pictures), public domain companies have released the film on VHS and DVD.[11] Possibly due to the public domain video releases that have surfaced, Republic Pictures hasn't licensed the movie a DVD release to either Lionsgate or Olive Films.

In Japan, the movie was released on December 19, 2009 as part of Studio Ghibli's Ghibli Museum Library. A DVD was released in April 2010 by Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment in Japan, and it has been reported to be a restoration using NTA re-release elements.[12] Recently, Mr. Bug, along with many other Fleischer-produced cartoons (including the Fleischers' previous film, Gulliver's Travels), was restored from the original three-strip negatives by the UCLA Film and Television Archive, and a few art-house theaters have recently screened the restoration (which features the original titles).

On October 21, 2012, the Turner Classic Movies channel debuted the film, transferred from an original 35mm Technicolor release print owned by the Museum of Modern Art Department of Film, for the first time on television in a special hosted by Robert Osborne and Jerry Beck dedicated to rare animated films, including Gulliver's Travels, Lotte Reiniger's The Adventures of Prince Achmed, the UPA cartoons and the silent cartoons of 1907 to 1932 of the New York Studios.

Mr. Bug Goes to Town was planned to be released on Blu-ray in June 2017 from Thunderbean Animation.[13] However it has currently been put on hold as of July 2017.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "'Mr. Bug Goes to Town' Opens at Loew's". The New York Times. 20 February 1942. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  2. ^ Released as Bugville, Region 1 DVD, 2008: AllMovies.com website. Retrieved on February 15, 2008.[dead link]
  3. ^ Pointer, Ray (2016). The Art and Inventions of Max Fleischer: American Animation Pioneer McFarland & Co. Publishers. Pg.303
  4. ^ Pointer, Ray (2016). The Art and Inventions of Max Fleischer: American Animation Pioneer, McFarland & Co. Publishers. Pg. 304.
  5. ^ Fleischer, Richard (2005). Out of the Inkwell: Max Fleischer and the Animation Revolution. University of Kentucky Press. Pg. 110
  6. ^ a b c d Barrier, Michael (1999). Hollywood Cartoons. New York: Oxford University Press. Pgs. 303-305. ISBN 0-19-516729-5.
  7. ^ Beck, Jerry (2005-10-28). The Animated Movie Guide. Chicago Review Press. ISBN 9781569762226.
  8. ^ [https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/07/27/AR2007072700732.html Dispute From an article at the Washington Post website.
  9. ^ Harlan Ellison, "In Which the Critic Blames It All on a Warped Childhood." Harlan Ellison's Watching (Underwoood-Miller 1989).
  10. ^ https://www.amazon.com/dp/6303258158
  11. ^ Mr. Bug Goes to Town Info at Turner Classic Movies
  12. ^ Cartoon Brew: Disney releases "Mr. Bug" in Japan
  13. ^ Stanchfield, Steve (10 June 2016). "What Thunderbean is working on now". Cartoonresearch.com. Retrieved 18 January 2017.

External linksEdit