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The Mourne Mountains (// MORN; Irish: na Beanna Boirche), also called the Mournes or Mountains of Mourne, are a granite mountain range in County Down in the south-east of Northern Ireland. It includes the highest mountains in Northern Ireland and the province of Ulster. The highest of these is Slieve Donard at 850 m (2,790 ft). The Mournes is an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and has been proposed as the first national park in Northern Ireland. The area is partly owned by the National Trust and sees a large number of visitors every year. The name Mourne (historically spelt Morne) is derived from the name of a Gaelic clann or sept called the Múghdhorna.
|Na Beanna Boirche|
View of the Mournes from St John's Point, County Down
|Elevation||850 m (2,790 ft)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Constituent country||Northern Ireland|
|Type of rock||Granite|
The Mournes are visited by many tourists, hillwalkers, cyclists and rock climbers. Following a fundraising drive in 1993, the National Trust purchased nearly 5.3 km2 (1,300 acres) of land in the Mournes. This included a part of Slieve Donard and nearby Slieve Commedagh, at 767 m (2,516 ft) the second-highest mountain in the area.
Some of the mountains have names beginning "Slieve", from the Irish word sliabh, meaning "mountain". Examples are Slieve Donard, Slieve Lamagan and Slieve Muck. There are also a number of curious names: Pigeon Rock; Buzzard's Roost; Brandy Pad; the Cock and Hen; Percy Bysshe; the Devil's Coach Road; and Pollaphuca, which means "hole of the fairies or sprites".
The Mournes are very popular as a destination for many Duke of Edinburgh's Award expeditions and those taking part in the Mourne Mountain Challenge.
The Isle of Man, the mountains of the Lake District, and Snowdonia in Wales can sometimes be seen across the Irish Sea from some parts of the Mournes on clear days. The mountains are also visible from parts of Dublin and Galloway on clear days.
Highest in Ulster
|Sliabh Dónairt||peak (St.) Domhangart||850 m (2,790 ft)||822 m (2,697 ft)|
|2||Slieve Commedagh*||Sliabh Coimhéideach||guarding mountain||767 m (2,516 ft)||180 m (590 ft)|
|3||Slieve Binnian*||Sliabh Binneáin||mountain of small peak||747 m (2,451 ft)||282 m (925 ft)|
|4||Slieve Bearnagh*||Sliabh Bearnach||gapped mountain||739 m (2,425 ft)||304 m (997 ft)|
|5||Slieve Meelbeg*||Sliabh Míol Beag||mountain of ants||708 m (2,323 ft)||193 m (633 ft)|
|6||Slievelamagan*||Sliabh Lámhagáin||creeping mountain||704 m (2,310 ft)||197 m (646 ft)|
|7||Slieve Meelmore*||Sliabh Míol Mór||mountain of ants||704 m (2,310 ft)||109 m (358 ft)|
|8||Slieve Muck*||Unknown||Unknown||673 m (2,208 ft)||Unknown|
|9||Slieve Muck*||Sliabh Muc||mountain of the pigs||670 m (2,200 ft)||155 m (509 ft)|
|10||Chimney Rock Mtn*||Sliabh an Aoire||Shepherd mountain||656 m (2,152 ft)||131 m (430 ft)|
|11||Cove Mountain||Unknown||Unknown||655 m (2,149 ft)||Unknown|
|12||Slieve Corragh||Unknown||Unknown||640 m (2,100 ft)||Unknown|
|13||Eagle Mountain||Unknown||Unknown||638 m (2,093 ft)||Unknown|
|14||Shanlieve||Unknown||Unknown||627 m (2,057 ft)||Unknown|
|15||Slieve Loughshannagh||Unknown||Unknown||620 m (2,030 ft)||Unknown|
|16||Slieve Beg||Unknown||Unknown||595 m (1,952 ft)||Unknown|
|17||Doan||Unknown||Unknown||593 m (1,946 ft)||Unknown|
|18||Carn Mountain||Unknown||Unknown||588 m (1,929 ft)||Unknown|
|19||Slievenaglogh II||Unknown||Unknown||586 m (1,923 ft)||Unknown|
|20||Finlieve||Unknown||Unknown||579 m (1,900 ft)||Unknown|
|21||Slievemoughanmore||Unknown||Unknown||560 m (1,840 ft)||Unknown|
|22||Crossone||Unknown||Unknown||544 m (1,785 ft)||Unknown|
|23||Pigeon Rock Mountain||Unknown||Unknown||536 m (1,759 ft)||Unknown|
|24||Annalong Buttress||Unknown||Unknown||530 m (1,740 ft)||Unknown|
|25||Ben Crom||Unknown||Unknown||526 m (1,726 ft)||Unknown|
|26||Ott Mountain||Unknown||Unknown||525 m (1,722 ft)||Unknown|
|27||Blaeberry Mountain||Unknown||Unknown||520 m (1,710 ft)||Unknown|
|28||Spences Mountain||Unknown||Unknown||517 m (1,696 ft)||Unknown|
|29||Butter Mountain||Unknown||Unknown||505 m (1,657 ft)||Unknown|
|30||Cock Mountain||Unknown||Unknown||504 m (1,654 ft)||Unknown|
|31||Slievemartin||Unknown||Unknown||485 m (1,591 ft)||Unknown|
|32||Spaltha||Unknown||Unknown||479 m (1,572 ft)||Unknown|
|33||Thomas Mountain||Unknown||Unknown||475 m (1,558 ft)||Unknown|
|34||Tievedockdarragh||Unknown||Unknown||473 m (1,552 ft)||Unknown|
|35||Spelga||Unknown||Unknown||472 m (1,549 ft)||Unknown|
|36||Slievemeen||Unknown||Unknown||471 m (1,545 ft)||Unknown|
|37||Pierces Castle||Unknown||Unknown||465 m (1,526 ft)||Unknown|
|38||Crenville||Unknown||Unknown||460 m (1,510 ft)||Unknown|
|39||Millstone Mountain||Unknown||Unknown||459 m (1,506 ft)||Unknown|
|40||Wee Binnian||Unknown||Unknown||459 m (1,506 ft)||Unknown|
|41||Slievenagarragh||Unknown||Unknown||450 m (1,480 ft)||Unknown|
|42||Slievenamaddy||Unknown||Unknown||450 m (1,480 ft)||Unknown|
|43||Altaggart Mountain||Unknown||Unknown||445 m (1,460 ft)||Unknown|
|44||Slievenaglogh I||Unknown||Unknown||445 m (1,460 ft)||Unknown|
|45||Slievenamiskan||Unknown||Unknown||444 m (1,457 ft)||Unknown|
|46||Slievenabrock||Unknown||Unknown||438 m (1,437 ft)||Unknown|
|47||Hares Gap||Unknown||Unknown||435 m (1,427 ft)||Unknown|
|48||Hares Castle||Unknown||Unknown||430 m (1,410 ft)||Unknown|
|49||Wee Slievemoughan||Unknown||Unknown||428 m (1,404 ft)||Unknown|
|50||Slievedermot||Unknown||Unknown||425 m (1,394 ft)||Unknown|
|51||Slievemeel||Unknown||Unknown||420 m (1,380 ft)||Unknown|
|52||Leganabruchan||Unknown||Unknown||410 m (1,350 ft)||Unknown|
|53||Craigdoo||Unknown||Unknown||408 m (1,339 ft)||Unknown|
|54||Rocky Mountain||Unknown||Unknown||405 m (1,329 ft)||Unknown|
|55||Slieveban||Unknown||Unknown||395 m (1,296 ft)||Unknown|
|56||Windy Gap||Unknown||Unknown||395 m (1,296 ft)||Unknown|
|57||Lukes Mountain||Unknown||Unknown||391 m (1,283 ft)||Unknown|
|58||Slievebane||Unknown||Unknown||390 m (1,280 ft)||Unknown|
|59||Tornamrock||Unknown||Unknown||390 m (1,280 ft)||Unknown|
|60||Slievenamuck||Unknown||Unknown||390 m (1,280 ft)||Unknown|
|61||Gruggandoo||Unknown||Unknown||380 m (1,250 ft)||Unknown|
|62||Black Stairs||Unknown||Unknown||370 m (1,210 ft)||Unknown|
|63||Deers Meadow||Unknown||Unknown||370 m (1,210 ft)||Unknown|
|64||Carnadranna||Unknown||Unknown||365 m (1,198 ft)||Unknown|
|65||Slieve Roe||Unknown||Unknown||364 m (1,194 ft)||Unknown|
|66||Slieve Roosley||Unknown||Unknown||362 m (1,188 ft)||Unknown|
|67||Hen Mountain||Unknown||Unknown||360 m (1,180 ft)||Unknown|
|68||Trainors Rocks||Unknown||Unknown||360 m (1,180 ft)||Unknown|
|69||Lugagour||Unknown||Unknown||360 m (1,180 ft)||Unknown|
|70||Leckan More||Unknown||Unknown||355 m (1,165 ft)||Unknown|
|71||Percy Bysshe||Unknown||Unknown||355 m (1,165 ft)||Unknown|
|72||Crannoge||Unknown||Unknown||350 m (1,150 ft)||Unknown|
|73||The Fallow||Unknown||Unknown||350 m (1,150 ft)||Unknown|
|74||Crotlieve Mountain||Unknown||Unknown||347 m (1,138 ft)||Unknown|
|75||Knockshee||Unknown||Unknown||346 m (1,135 ft)||Unknown|
|76||Long Seefin||Unknown||Unknown||345 m (1,132 ft)||Unknown|
|77||Glen Fofanny||Unknown||Unknown||340 m (1,120 ft)||Unknown|
|78||Slievenagore||Unknown||Unknown||335 m (1,099 ft)||Unknown|
|79||Moolieve||Unknown||Unknown||332 m (1,089 ft)||Unknown|
|80||Mullagharve||Unknown||Unknown||330 m (1,080 ft)||Unknown|
|81||Slievenaman||Unknown||Unknown||323 m (1,060 ft)||Unknown|
|82||Ardglash||Unknown||Unknown||320 m (1,050 ft)||Unknown|
|83||Wee Roosley||Unknown||Unknown||320 m (1,050 ft)||Unknown|
|84||Slievemageogh||Unknown||Unknown||316 m (1,037 ft)||Unknown|
|85||Slievemiskan||Unknown||Unknown||310 m (1,020 ft)||Unknown|
|86||Carmeen||Unknown||Unknown||310 m (1,020 ft)||Unknown|
|87||Grugganskeagh||Unknown||Unknown||310 m (1,020 ft)||Unknown|
|88||Knockchree||Unknown||Unknown||305 m (1,001 ft)||Unknown|
|89||Ballyvally Mountain||Unknown||Unknown||300 m (980 ft)||Unknown|
|90||Cloghmore Glen||Unknown||Unknown||300 m (980 ft)||Unknown|
|91||Glenmore||Unknown||Unknown||300 m (980 ft)||Unknown|
|92||The Creats||Unknown||Unknown||300 m (980 ft)||Unknown|
|93||The Rowans||Unknown||Unknown||300 m (980 ft)||Unknown|
The below sub-headings detail other features and vistor attractions found in the Mourne Mountains
The Mourne WallEdit
The Mourne Wall is among the more famous features in the Mournes. It is a 35 km (22-mile) dry-stone wall that crosses fifteen summits, constructed to define the boundaries of the 36 km2 (8,900-acre) area of land purchased by the Belfast Water Commissioners in the late nineteenth century. This followed a number of Acts of Parliament allowing the sale, and the establishment of a water supply from the Mournes to the growing industrial city of Belfast. Construction of the Mourne Wall was started in 1904 and was completed in 1922.
Tollymore Forest Park is located at Bryansford, near the town of Newcastle in the Mourne and Slieve Croob Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. It covers an area of 630 hectares (1,600 acres) at the foot of the Mourne Mountains and has views of the surrounding mountains and the sea at nearby [Newcastle]. The Shimna River flows through the park where it is crossed by 16 bridges, the earliest dating to 1726. The river is a spawning ground for salmon and trout and is an Area of Special Scientific Interest due to its geology, flora and fauna. The forest has four walking trails signposted by different coloured arrows, the longest being the "long haul trail" at 8 miles (13 km) long. The Forest Park has been managed by the Forest Service since they purchased it from the Roden Estate in 1941.
Donard Forest is located near Newcastle, County Down, Northern Ireland. It borders Donard Park at the foot of the Mourne Mountains. The Glen River flows through the forest where it is crossed by three stone bridges.
Rostrevor Forest is located near the village of Rostrevor, County Down, Northern Ireland. It lies between the Mourne Mountains and Carlingford Lough, in the Mourne Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. The first trees, primarily sitka spruce, douglas fir and pine, were planted in 1931.
All water reservoirs are own and maintained by Northern Ireland Water (NIW).
Silent Valley Reservoir is a reservoir located in the Mourne Mountains near Kilkeel, County Down in Northern Ireland. It supplies most of the water for County Down, surrounding counties and most of Belfast. The reservoir was built between 1923 and 1933 by a workforce of over one thousand men, nine of whom died during construction. The catchment area is 9,000-acres (3,600 ha / 36 sq. km).
Ben Crom Reservoir is a reservoir located upstream of Silent Valley near Kilkeel, County Down, Northern Ireland. Along with Silent Valley Reservoir, which is situated further down the Kilkeel River valley, it supplies water for County Down, surrounding counties and most of Belfast. It was constructed between 1953 and 1957.
Spelga Reservoir is a reservoir in the townland of Spelga (Irish: Speilgeach) located close to Hilltown in the North West of the Mourne Mountains . It was formed by construction of Spelga Dam and sits at over 1,200 ft (370 m) above sea level. The dam was constructed between 1953 and 1957. It has a volume of 2,700,000 cubic metres and a catchment area of 1,340-acres (542 ha / 5.423 sq. km).
Fofanny Dam Reservoir is located approximately 2km north-east of Spelga Dam and is a much smaller site.
Vegetation and wildlifeEdit
Aside from grasses, the most common plants found in the Mournes are heathers and gorse. Of the former, three species are found: the cross-leaved heath (Erica tetralix), the bell heather (Erica cinerea), and the ling (Calluna vulgaris). Of the latter, two species are found: common gorse (Ulex europaeus) and western gorse (Ulex gallii). Other plants which grow in the area are: bog cotton, roseroot (Rhodiola rosea), harebell (Campanula rotundifolia), marsh St John's wort, wild thyme (Thymus serpyllum), wood sorrel and heath spotted orchids.
Sheep graze high into the mountains, and the range is also home to birds, including the common raven, peregrine falcon, wren, buzzard, and native meadow pipit, grey wagtail, stonechat and snipe. The golden eagle, a former inhabitant, has not been seen in the Mournes since 1836.
Possible national park statusEdit
It has been proposed that the Mourne Mountains be made Northern Ireland's first national park. The plan has been subject to controversy because of the area's status as private property, with over 1,000 farmers based in the proposed park, and also because of fears over the impact on local communities, bureaucracy and house prices.
The mountains are immortalised in a song written by Percy French in 1896, "The Mountains of Mourne". The song has been recorded by many artists, including Don McLean, and was quoted in Irish group Thin Lizzy's 1979 song 'Roisin Dubh (Black Rose): A Rock Legend.'
The Mournes are a very popular area for hiking, the Wall providing a convenient navigation aid.
There are a large number of granite cliffs, in the form of outcrops and tors, scattered throughout the range, making the Mournes one of Northern Ireland's major rock-climbing areas since the first recorded ascents in the 1930s. The rock forms are generally quite rounded, thus often depending on cams for protection, but with good friction. The 1998 guidebook lists 26 separate crags, with a total of about 900 routes of all grades.
On 23 October 2010 an AgustaWestland AW109 (tail number: N2NR) was operating a VFR flight from Enniskillen Airport to Caernarfon Airport, Wales. While en route the helicopter crashed into the western side of Shanlieve, killing all three passengers and crew on board. The cause of the accident was determined to be pilot error in heavy fog.
- Joyce, Patrick (1869). The origin and history of Irish names of places. p. 128.
- "Placenames Database of Ireland". Logainm.ie. 13 December 2010. Retrieved 6 December 2011.
- "Irish Highest 100: The highest 100 Irish mountains with a prominence of +100m". Mountainviews.ie. September 2018.
- Paul Tempan (February 2012). "Irish Hill and Mountain Names" (PDF). MountainViews.ie. Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; name "peak" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
- "Minister paves the way for national park in the Mournes". Northern Ireland Planning Service. 25 September 2002. Retrieved 11 October 2009.
- Peterkin, Tom (29 August 2007). "Mourne Mountains national park status row". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 11 October 2009.
- Cassidy, Martin (23 February 2007). "Community split over national park". BBC News. Retrieved 11 October 2009.
- "Mourne Mountains Page". Discover Northern Ireland. Retrieved 6 December 2011.
- "Irish Climbing Online Wiki – Co. Down". Retrieved 7 April 2011.
- Robert Bankhead, ed. (1998), Mournes: MCI Guide, Mountaineering Ireland, ISBN 0-902940-14-7
- "Agusta A109A II, N2NR, 23 October 2010" (PDF). Retrieved 23 October 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mourne Mountains.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Mourne Mountains.|
- About the Mourne Mountains
- The website of the book above under 'References'
- A local family's site with some information about the mountains
- Mournes Climbers
- Photos, maps and commentary of the walk around the Mourne Wall
- BBC article about the Mourne Wall