Mount Ryōzen

Mount Ryōzen (霊山, Ryōzen) is a mountain on the border of Sōma City and the former town of Ryōzen, in Date City, Fukushima. It is 825 metres (2,707 ft) in height.[2] Along the hiking trail are the sites of what were Ryōzen Temple and Ryōzen Castle.[3] The mountain is listed as one of the 100 Landscapes of Japan in a contest sponsored by the Tokyo Nichi Nichi Shimbun and Osaka Mainichi Shimbun.[4] It is also a national Place of Scenic Beauty as determined by the Agency for Cultural Affairs in Japan and is noted for its autumn foliage and a National Historic Site of Japan.

Mount Ryōzen
MntRyozenNov2019.jpg
Mount Ryōzen in Fall
Highest point
Elevation825 m (2,707 ft)
Coordinates37°46′27″N 140°40′59″E / 37.77414214°N 140.68305169°E / 37.77414214; 140.68305169 (Mount Ryō)[1]
Naming
Native name霊山(りょうぜん) (Japanese)
English translationSpirit Mountain
Geography
Mount Ryōzen is located in Fukushima Prefecture
Mount Ryōzen
Mount Ryōzen
Mount Ryōzen
Mount Ryōzen is located in Japan
Mount Ryōzen
Mount Ryōzen
Mount Ryōzen (Japan)
CountryJapan
StateFukushima Prefecture
RegionTōhoku
Climbing
Easiest routeHiking
View from the mountain trail

The mountainEdit

Mount Ryōzen is part of the basalt volcanic plateau known as the Abukuma Highlands in northern Fukushima. It was regarded as a sacred mountain and was once known as a center for the Shugendō mountain religion.[5]

HistoryEdit

Ryōzen TempleEdit

In the first year of the Jōgan Era (859), Ennin, a Buddhist monk of the Tendai sect founded the temple Ryōzen-ji (not to be confused with Ryōzen Shrine).[3] The name Ryōzen was adapted from that of Mount Ryojusen (or Gridhakuta) in India.[5] The temple was burnt down in the wars of the Nanboku-chō period, but the Date clan restored the temple during the late Sengoku period. It was restored again in the early days of the Edo period.[6]

Ryōzen CastleEdit

Acting in support of the Southern Court, Kitabatake Akiie fortified the temple of Ryōzen-ji and turned it into his residence, which he proclaimed to be Ryōzen Castle. Acting as governor of the province of Mutsu, he proclaimed it to be the provincial capital. Kitabatake Akiie received the support of the 7th hereditary chieftain of the Date clan, Date Yukitomo against the forces of the Northern Court led by Ashikaga Takauji. In 1337 he led a campaign south, waging battle several times before he was killed on May 22, 1338 at the age of 21.[3] Ryōzen Castle remained for nine years after Akiie's death, before it was destroyed by the Northern Court's army.[6] The site was excavated in 1980, with a large amount of artifacts discovered, including Seto ware pottery and coins from Sung dynasty China. The site was designated a National Historic Site of Japan in 1934.[7]

Hiking TrailEdit

HōjudaiEdit

Hōjudai (宝寿台) is the point at the top of the cliff that stands upright from the foot of the mountain. From this point, one can see the Abukuma and Azuma Mountain Ranges.

KokushisawaEdit

From the bottom of the valley, Kokushisawa (国司沢) seems to stand at a nearly perfect right angle. There are ladders to reach this point on the trail.

Tengu no Sumō JōEdit

 
The tengu no sumo jo or "tengu sumo wrestling hall" on Mount Ryōzen.

The "tengu sumo wrestling hall" (天狗の相撲) is a rock protruding towards the West with a flat surface the size of eight tatami mats. It is said that tengu prefer this spot for wrestling.

GomadanEdit

Gomadan (護摩壇) is the entrance to the area that was once the site of Ryōzen Castle. There is a low hanging rock to pass under before arriving at a large flat area where it is believed that Buddhist rituals were once performed.[8][9][10]

AmenitiesEdit

There is a restroom in the parking lot before the entrance to the main trail as well as one at the peak of the mountain, at the site of Ryōzen Castle.

Below the parking lot is Ryōzen's Kōsaikan (a hotel and bathhouse).[10]

AccessEdit

The entrance to the main path up the mountain is located in a parking lot connected to the Nakamura Highway (Route 115) and the Central Tohoku Expressway. It is about 45 minutes from the Kunimi Inter-change (IC) on the Central Tohoku Expressway.[2] It is also about fifty minutes from the Fukushima-Iizaka IC, or thirty minutes by taxi from the local Abukuma Express Line's Hobara Station.[6]

Mountain Climbing Season[11]
Start of Mountain Climbing Season April 29
Cherry blossom viewing period Late April
Azaela viewing period Early May
New green leaves Mid-May
Autumn leaves Late Oct - Early Nov
First snowfall Mid-Dec
Snow thawing Late March

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "史跡名勝天然記念物: 霊山". Kunishitei.bunka.go.jp. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Ryozen | National must-see-japan (Japanese sightseeing promotion association)". Nihon-kankou.or.jp.e.wp.hp.transer.com. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
  3. ^ a b c "歴史めぐりマップ 生誕七百年 北畠顕家卿" (PDF). Date-shi.jp. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  4. ^ "日本八景(昭和2年)の選定内容" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 17 March 2011.
  5. ^ a b "日本吉 - NIPPON-KICHI". nippon-kichi.jp. Retrieved 2020-03-12.
  6. ^ a b c "Brochure : Calendar of Events" (PDF). Date-shi.jp. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  7. ^ "霊山" [Mount Ryōzen] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs.
  8. ^ "新・日本百名山 霊山を登る – だてめがね". www.date-shi.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved 2018-12-04.
  9. ^ "霊山 りょうぜん". yamayama.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved 2018-12-04.
  10. ^ a b http://www.date-shi.jp/wp-content/uploads/brochure/tozan.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  11. ^ "霊山 - 福島県伊達市ホームページ". www.city.fukushima-date.lg.jp. Retrieved 2019-09-17.

External linksEdit

  • Video by「Authentic Japan ゆめたびふくしま」(with English closed captions)