Mount Meru (Tanzania)

Mount Meru is a dormant stratovolcano located 70 kilometres (43 mi) west of Mount Kilimanjaro in southeast Arusha Region, Tanzania. At a height of 4,562.13 metres (14,968 ft),[1][4] it is visible from Mount Kilimanjaro on a clear day,[5] and is the fifth-highest of the highest mountain peaks of Africa, dependent on definition.

Mount Meru
Mount meru with snow, Arusha Region, Tanzania.jpg
Mount Meru with snow
Highest point
Elevation4,562.13 m (14,967.6 ft)[1]
Prominence3,170 m (10,400 ft)[1]
Ranked 72nd
Isolation70 km (43 mi) Edit this on Wikidata
Coordinates3°14′48″S 36°44′54″E / 3.24667°S 36.74833°E / -3.24667; 36.74833Coordinates: 3°14′48″S 36°44′54″E / 3.24667°S 36.74833°E / -3.24667; 36.74833[1]
Mount Meru (Tanzania) is located in Tanzania
Mount Meru (Tanzania)
Location in Tanzania
LocationArusha Region, Tanzania
Mountain typeStratovolcano
Last eruptionOctober to December 1910[2]
First ascent1904 by Fritz Jäger[3]
Easiest routeHike

Mount Meru is located just north of the city of Arusha, in the Arusha Region of Tanzania. It is the second-highest mountain in Tanzania, after Mount Kilimanjaro. Mount Meru is also the highest mountain/point in Arusha Region. The Momella route – which starts at Momella gate, on the eastern side of the mountain – is used to climb Mount Meru.[6]

Much of its bulk was lost about 7,800 years ago due to a summit collapse.[7] Mount Meru most recently had a minor eruption in 1910.[2] The several small cones and craters seen in the vicinity probably reflect numerous episodes of volcanic activity. Mount Meru's caldera is 2.2 miles (3.5 km) wide.[8]

Mount Meru is the topographic centerpiece of Arusha National Park. Its fertile slopes rise above the surrounding savanna and support a forest that hosts diverse wildlife, including nearly 400 species of birds, and also monkeys and leopards.

The movie Hatari! was shot at the foot of Mount Meru.


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d Africa Ultra-Prominences Retrieved 2011-11-22.
  2. ^ a b "Meru". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution.
  3. ^ Mount Meru at
  4. ^ "Mount Meru, Tanzania". Retrieved 2014-08-27.
  5. ^ "A view of Mount Meru from Mount Kilimanjaro". Archived from the original on 2013-01-26. Retrieved 2008-05-03.
  6. ^ Tanzania travel guide (6 ed.). Lonely Planet. June 2015. p. 168. ISBN 978-1742207797.
  7. ^ "Glocal Volcanism Program - Meru". Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  8. ^ "Meru, Tanzania". Retrieved 24 September 2018.

External linksEdit