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Mount Kirishima (霧島山, Kirishimayama) is a 1700 meter high active volcano group in Kagoshima Prefecture and Miyazaki Prefecture, Kyushu, Japan. Numerous eruptions have been recorded since 742. Very strong eruptions happened in 788, 1716 and 1717.[citation needed] Augite-hypersthene andesite is the dominant rock type.[1]

Mount Kirishima
Shinmoe-dake Volcano Erupts on Kyushu Feb 2011.jpg
Kirishima Volcano Groups
Highest point
PeakKarakuni-dake
Elevation1,700 m (5,600 ft)
Coordinates31°56′17″N 130°51′41″E / 31.93806°N 130.86139°E / 31.93806; 130.86139Coordinates: 31°56′17″N 130°51′41″E / 31.93806°N 130.86139°E / 31.93806; 130.86139
Geography
CountryJapan
States/ProvincesKagoshima prefecture and Miyazaki prefecture
Relief map of Kirishima Volcano
View on the southern side of the volcano group.

The highest peak is Karakuni-dake (韓国岳, Karakunidake) (1700 m). Other peaks are Takachiho-no-mine (高千穂峰) (1573 m) and Shinmoedake (新燃岳), both active volcanoes. They are part of Kirishima-Yaku National Park near Kirishima City. Upon the summit of Takachiho was stuck the mysterious spear Ama-no-Sakahoko, by the legendary Ninigi-no-Mikoto. Mount Kirishima is considered one of the 100 Famous Japanese Mountains. The area is often foggy, and it is believed that the name Kirishima comes from the mountain looking like an island in the fog.

The Kongō-class battlecruiser Kirishima of the Imperial Japanese Navy, and the Kongō-class guided missile destroyer Kirishima of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force were both named after this mountain.

Shinmoedake is the most active of the Mount Kirishima volcanoes, having erupted in January 2011, March 2011, October 2017,[2] and April 2018.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-01-30. Retrieved 2011-01-31.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Kyushu's Shinmoedake volcano erupts for first time in six years".
  3. ^ "硫黄山、約250年ぶり噴火 ケガ人なし".

External linksEdit