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Mount Hebron (Arabic: جبل الخليل‎, Hebrew: הר חברון) is a mountain ridge and geographic region and geologic formation, comprising the bulk of the central Judean Mountains.

Mount Hebron
Highest point
Elevation1,026 m (3,366 ft)
Prominence1,026 m (3,366 ft)
ListingCountry high point
CoordinatesCoordinates: 31°26′39.53″N 34°59′47.63″E / 31.4443139°N 34.9965639°E / 31.4443139; 34.9965639
Geography
LocationLevant

GeographyEdit

The top peak of the mountain ridge is in the city of Halhul, where a tableland exists with an altitude of 1,026 metres (3,366 ft). The ridge continues to the city of Arad, Israel, and was called as the mountain road between Hebron and Jerusalem.

The Hebron hills are located in the southern West Bank,[1][2] with its western foothills extending into Israel.[3]

HistoryEdit

In biblical times, the region was a center of the Israelite kingdom and later the Hasmonean and Herodian kingdoms.

 
South Hebron Hills

Flora and faunaEdit

The Hebron Hills form the southern and eastern border of Mediterranean vegetation in Israel. A 2012 survey by the Israel Nature and Parks Authority discovered 54 rare plant species in the region, more than half of them in cultivated fields. They include Boissiera squarrosa, a type of grass; Legousia hybrida, a plant from the bellflower family; and Resesda globulosa, a rare mignonette.[4]

The region is known for its vineyards since biblical times. Israelis (from both parts of the Green Line) and Palestinians continue to farm grapes in this vicinity. Local wineries include Yatir Winery.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mijal Grinberg (2007-02-14). "Security forces demolish seven houses in Mt. Hebron villages". Haaretz. Archived from the original on 16 February 2007. Retrieved 2014-01-26.
  2. ^ Europa World Year Book 2. Taylor & Francis Group. p. 3308. ISBN 978-1-85743-255-8.
  3. ^ Philip J. King (1983). American Archaeology in the Mideast. American Schools of Oriental Research. p. 217. Kibbutz Lahav, located in the western foothills of Mount Hebron in Israel
  4. ^ Zafrir Rinat (15 March 2012). "Treasure trove of rare plants found in Israel's Hebron Hills". Haaretz. Retrieved 26 January 2014.