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Mount Davis is an area surrounding and including the westernmost hill on Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong. Home to mostly luxury residences, Mount Davis was originally settled after the construction of Victoria Road, Hong Kong by prominent Hong Kong families who were unable to live on Peak due to the zoning restriction in Peak District Reservation Ordinance, 1904.[1]

Mount Davis
Mount Davis 4.jpg
A view of Mount Davis from High West
Highest point
Elevation 269 m (883 ft)
Coordinates 22.277028°N 114.124789°E 
Geography
Mount Davis is located in Hong Kong Island
Mount Davis
Mount Davis
Location in Hong Kong Island
Location Hong Kong
Mount Davis
Traditional Chinese 摩星嶺
Mount Davis and Kennedy Town.

It is named after John Francis Davis, who was the 2nd Governor of Hong Kong, from 1844 to 1848.

The summit is reached via Mt Davis Path, which comes off Mt Davis Road and Victoria Road.

Contents

HistoryEdit

It was an important artillery depot of the British forces since 1911 (proposed in 1900). Five (later three) 9.2-inch guns were installed. It was heavily bombed by Japanese planes during the Battle of Hong Kong. The depot was later demolished by British defences towards the end of the battle.

GeologyEdit

The geology of Mount Davis comprises dominantly pyroclastic rocks of the Cretaceous Repulse Bay Volcanic Group (Sewell et al., 2000). This same kind of rock is common in the south of Hong Kong Island and the east and north New Territories. The rock type in Mount Davis is mainly coarse ash crystal tuff.

FeaturesEdit

Hong Kong Jockey Club Mount Davis Youth Hostel, operated by Hong Kong Youth Hostel Association, is located at 123 Mount Davis Path and it offers a panoramic view of Victoria Harbour.[2] The hostel has undergone a HK$9.54 million renovation, funded by the Hong Kong Jockey Club, and re-opened in 2012. The hostel offers beds in dormitories, as well as two, four and six bed rooms. Self-catering facilities are provided, but no restaurant is available. The hostel provides a free shuttle service to Shun Tak Centre in Sheung Wan.[3]

There is an ionopsheric station housing an ionosonde. The ionosonde was set up in a refurbished bunkhouse by Oulton Walker and Tim Closs of the University of Hong Kong Physics department in 1969. There are also microwave towers.

The eastern side of the hill holds the Chiu Yuen Cemetery, the private cemetery of the influential Hotung family. While Kennedy Town is on the north side, the southern and western sides are mostly low-rise developments, primarily residential but also home to West Island School.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • P.K. MacKeown Physics at The University of Hong Kong – an anecdotal history
  • 2003 Hong Kong City Guide ISBN 962-14-2537-9
  • Hong Kong Geological Survey I:20,000-scale Geological Map Sheet No. 11
  • Sewell, R.J., Campbell, S.D.G., Fletcher, C.J.N., Lai, K.W. & Kirk, P.A. (2000). The Pre-Quaternary Geology of Hong Kong. Geotechnical Engineering Office, Hong Kong. 181 p. ISBN 962-02-0299-6

Coordinates: 22°16′37″N 114°07′29″E / 22.277028°N 114.124789°E / 22.277028; 114.124789